“O, Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me. Sunan Abi Dawud 5094)
It is a good manner to close the door gently, as Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness in all things (Ibn Majah 3689)
When one leaves the house, then it is sunnah to pray to Allah for him when he is absent, the angels will say “Ameen and may it be for you too” (Sahih Muslim 2732a), this can be done anywhere at anytime
7 Sunnah of entering house and permission if one is going to someone’s house
When you enter the house, shut the door and say bismillah (Abu Dawood 5096, although it is daif, Muslim 2012 supports this)
Say salam to those present in house, not just your own, but anyone whom you visit. (Quran 24:61), the best greeting is Assalam o Alaikum rahamtullahi wa barakuthu. (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 986)
Do not greet the People of the Book (Christians and Jews), and if they greet you, say “Wa’alaikum” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6257)
Shake hands with Muslims of your gender. (Musnad al-Bazzār 8335)
You can only shake hands with your wife, and mahram relatives (mother, sisters, nieces, mother in law, etc), otherwise, shaking hands with non-mahram people is forbidden. It is mentioned in Tabarani that to have an iron needle stabbed in your head is better than touching a non-mahram woman (al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 486)
Do not desire for people to stand up for you, as it is a sign of pride (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 977)
In other houses beside your own, ask the people inside it for permission (Surah An-Noor 24:27)
When you are asked about your identity, before being granted permission, do not say “it is me” as it is not correct, answer him your name. (Sunan Ibn Majah 3709)
Do not look inside someone’s house through windows or door without permission (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1070)
When you are asking one to grant you permission to enter, you must say the greeting, as it is the key (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1067), It is As-salaamu ‘Alaykum, may I enter? (Sunan Abi Dawud 5177)
If the permission is asked 3 times and yet not responded, leave them alone, without feeling upset (Sahih al-Bukhari 6245). If they do not allow you to enter, leave them alone (Surah An-Noor 24:28)
While outside the door waiting for permission, it is sunnah to not face the door, but rather stand on side of the door, right or left (Sunan Abi Dawud 5174)
Do not be aggressive in asking for permission, as it is a rude manner. If the house is small, or you are about to enter one’s room, knock with your fingernails (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1080), otherwise, knock the door with enough sound to be heard by people, if there is a ring bell on the door, use it.
Asking your parents’ permission at these 3 times (Quran 24:58)
before the dawn prayer
when the parents put aside their clothing [for rest] at noon
after the night prayer
Asking your children, mother, even if she is old, your brother, sister, and father for their permission, before entering their rooms (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1062)
8. Sunnah of appearance (physical appearance) and body hygiene
It is one of the best Sunnah to use miswak, as it purifies the mouth and is pleasing to Allah. (Tirmidhi 22, and Musnad Ahmed 62)
Sunnah time of using miswak:
After waking up (Nasai 1622)
While making wudu for prayer, (Tirmidhi 22), there are differences of opinion about whenever to use siwak, you can use it before starting wudu, after washing hands, and before rinsing mouth, and while rinsing the mouth, or after wudu is finished.
After entering your house (Nasai 8)
At the time of death, (Sahih Bukhari 890)
When preparing yourself for Friday Prayer (Sahih Muslim 846 b)
When going to recite Quran (Musnad al-Bazzār 568)
To clean mouth from any bad smell, (Musnad al-Bazzār 1303)
It is also sunnah to share miswak, by cutting it into half especially when you are going to a sick patient who has given up the hope of living. (Sahih Bukhari 890)
Using perfume (Sahih al-Bukhari 2582), especially when going to the masjid, as mentioned by Allah in the Quran 7:31)
Not refusing the gift of perfume (Sahih Bukhari 2582)
The best perfume is Musk (Nasai 1905)
Applying Ithmid kohl into your eyes (Ibn Majah 3497)
Wearing white clothing (an-Nasa’i 1897)
Oiling your hairs (Sahih Muslim 2344 a)
Rubbing your body with olive oil (Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyah 156)
Clipping your nails (Sahih Muslim 257b) it is not allowed to leave nails for more than 40 days (Ibn Majah 295)
Beautifying yourself such as combing yourself, but do not be proud, and make your intention of pleasing Allah, not seeking fame. (Sahih Muslim 91a)
It is sunnah to comb on the right side (Sahih al-Bukhari 5926)
If you have grown older and grey hairs appear, keep them and do not pluck them (Sunan Abi Dawud 4202)
It is sunnah to dye your hairs to be different from Jews and Christians (Sahih al-Bukhari 3462). However, do not dye with black (Nasai 5075). The best dyes are Henna and Katam (Nasai 5077)
Avoiding disheveled appearance or wearing dirty clothing, it is not part of Zuhd (Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4062)
Cupping yourself (Sahih al-Bukhari 2280), it is also best to pay the wage to the person if he has done it to you.
Keeping yourself clean (Sahih Muslim 223)
The Ten Fitrah (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 261)
trimming the mustache
letting the beard grow
using the tooth stick
sniffing water into the nose
clipping the nails
washing the knuckles
removing hair from the underarms
shaving the pubic hair
cleaning the private parts with water
It might be rinsing the mouth, as the narrator of the hadith forgot.
Keep your beard and trim your mustache. Don’t shave or trim your beard as this is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him, and there is no need to shave the mustache (Sahih al-Bukhari 5893)
Don’t leave your nails, mustache, pubic hair and armpit for more than 40 days (Tirmidhi 2759)
Protect your private parts from anyone besides your spouses (Quran 23:5), the private part is between navel and knees.
9. Jummah prayer
Memorizing 10 verses from the beginning of Surah kahf (Sahih Muslim 809a)
Reciting Surah Kahf (al-Haakim, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836)
Taking Ghusl (Sahih Bukhari 878)
Using miswak (Bukhari 880)
Applying oil on your hairs and perfume (Sahih Bukhari 883)
To pray Fajr in the congregation (Al Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-eeman, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami 1119)
To recite Alif, Lam, Mim, Tanzil (Suratas- Sajda #32) and Hal-ata-ala-I-Insani (Surah ad-Dahr 76) (Sahih Bukhari 891)
Wearing best clothing (Wearing white clothing is also best, as it is sunnah too), and not creating distraction to people (Abi Dawood 347), nor indulge in idle talk
Coming early to Jumma (Nasai 1389)
Be silent, and don’t play with anything whether it be phones, carpet, strings (Abu Dawood 1050), even telling your brothers to be quiet is considered as evil by Prophet peace be upon him (Sahih Bukhari 934)
Huge reward of Jummah if these conditions are followed (Abu Dawood 345 and Tirmidhi 496)
Making your wife to perform ghusl on herself, and performing ghusl by yourself
Going to the Masjid early
Walking instead of riding
Sit next to Imam
To listen to the khubtah attentively
Not engaging in useless activities such as talking to someone, fidgeting with hair clothes or phones)
Following these conditions, one will get rewards of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every steps taken. in sha Allah.
Coming before the Imam starts (Nasai 1389)
After Friday prayer, pray either 4 Sunnah Rakat in the masjid or 2 at home (Abi Dawood 1127 and Sahih Muslim 882)
For those who are acting as Imam, it is best to keep the khutbah short and also lengthen the prayer (Sahih Muslim 869)
Reciting Surah 87 and 88 (Surah A-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah) in Friday prayer. (Sunan Abi Dawood 1125)
One must avoid missing Jummah without valid reasons. otherwise, Allah will put seal on his heart. (Nasai 1370)
There is a time where supplication will be accepted, it is reported in Sahih Bukhari 935 that Prophet Peace be upon him said:
“There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” and he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands
And it is reported in Sahih Muslim 853
Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ashari reported:
Abdullah b. Umar said to me: “Did you hear anything from your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) about the time on Friday? I said: “Yes, I heard him say from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)(these words): It is between the time when the imam sits down and the end of the prayer.”
After Jumma. take some nap and some meal (Sahih al-Bukhari 6279)
May Allah make this beneficial for you and your families.
Sleeping in the state of ablution and lying on the right side saying the dua (below down) (Sahih Muslim 2710a and Sahih Bukhari 247)
It is also sunnah to make wudu if one is in the state of Junub.
Dua: “Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu `Amri ilaika, wa alja’tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja’a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta”
Dusting off the bed (Sahih Bukhari 7393)
To recite Ayat Kursi (Sahih Bukhari 2311)
Surah Mulk (Abu Dawood 1400)
Two last verses of Surah Baqarah (Tirmidhi 2881, Sahih Bukhari 4008)
Surah Kafiroon (Abu Dawood 5055)
Cupping your hands and blowing on it after reciting 3 last surahs (Surah Ikhlas, Falaq, and Anas) 3 times on each surah, and then rubbing your body parts whatever you are able to.
Reciting 33 times Subhan Allah, 33 times Alhamduiliah, and 34 times Allah Akbar, (Sahih Bukhari 5362). It is also sunnah to count on your fingers, as it will be questioned on Day of Judgment (Abu Dawood 1501)
Reciting “By Your Name, O Allah, I die and I live” when going to sleep. (Adad Mufrad 1205)
بِاسْمِكَ اللَّهُمَّ أَمُوتُ وَأَحْيَا
Sleeping on your right hand underneath your cheek, and say this dua 3 times (Ibn Majah 3877)
None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, with no partner or associate. His is the dominion and all praise is to Him, and He is Able to do all things. Glory is to Allah, praise is to Allah, none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, Allah is the Most Great, and there is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the Most Supreme
Sunan Ibn Majah 3878
3. Eating and Drinking.
Saying Bismillah before eating or drink, (Riyad Salihin 758)
If one forgets to mention Bismillah before eating, then recite Bismillah fi awwalihi wa aakhirihi (In name of Allah, at the beginning and at the end of it.” (Abu Dawood 3767)
Washing your hands before eating or drinking (Nasai 258)
Do not use the left hand when eating or drinking, use your right hand. except in necessity like your right hand is injured, then you can use left, (Tirmidhi 1800)
Eat with your fingers, it is sunnah to eat with 3 fingers. (Tirmidhi 1803)
Picking any piece of foods that were dropped on the ground and removing anything harmful from it then eat. (Tirmidhi 1802)
Eat what is the front of you (Ibn Majah 3267)
Licking your fingers (Tirmidhi 1801)
Finishing dish (cleaning) after eating (Tirmidhi 1803)
Asking your companions for permission before taking two dates. (Sahih Bukhari 2490)
Sitting to eat and drink (Sahih Muslim 2024 b)
Do not criticize foods, if you dislike it, leave it without saying anything (Ibn Majah 3259)
May Allah grant blessing and peace to Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who came after them. Peace be upon those who seek the Truth.
Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu.
This article is about Salat, the 2nd pillar of Islam. It is compulsory for all Muslims who have reached the age of puberty, and are not insane. It is necessary to know the correct method of Salat. Salat is communication with Creator, which is the greatest moment, it has spiritual benefits. To miss salat intentionally is a major sin, and one should be careful of this.
We should know that the purpose of this life is to worship Allah alone, not eating and drinking, staying in the house, staring at a TV screen, displaying football matches, getting married and having children, etc.
And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah said, “I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.”
The Quran gives warning regarding missing prayers.
عَنِ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ ٤١
“About the criminals,”
مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ ٤٢
[And asking them], “What put you into Saqar?”
قَالُواْ لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ ٱلْمُصَلِّينَ ٤٣
They will say, “We were not of those who prayed,
That Abu Sufyan said:
“I heard Jabir say: “I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: “Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his giving up the Salat.’”
However, we should not make takfir. (calling a Muslim kafir) as that is very dangerous, instead we should encourage them to perform Salat, without forcing them.
From the above texts, there is no excuse to miss salat, whether during work or feeling lazy.
The best deed is praying salat on its fixed time.
“Narrated Ibn Masud: A man asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) “What deeds are the best?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “To perform the Salat (prayers) at their early stated fixed times, to be good and dutiful to one’s own parents, and to participate in Jihad in Allah’s Causes.”
There are five daily prayers and they have their fixed times which are mentioned below. Previously it was 50, till Allah changed it to 5, as reported in the hadith of Isra and Miraj. This is a mercy from Allah, the Most Merciful. He has made the religion easy for us to practice…
Allah tells us that prayers are at fixed specific times.
You must follow the imam, without differing with him, but when he moves from the part to other, etc going to ruku from standing, do not race him, wait until he has reached the part completely. This is a common mistake, unfortunately.
Steps of Salat:
1. Make the intention that you are going to perform prayer for Allah’s pleasure and not showing off. Make your intention in your heart, not through the tongue.
Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”
“I said: ‘I am going to watch how the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prays.’ So I watched him and he stood and said the takbir, and raised his hands until they were in the level with his ears, then he placed his right hand over his left hand, wrist and lower forearm.
It is best to follow stick to both of them, as to follow the maximum sunnah. But if you want to stick to one sunnah, that’s also OK.
5. Keep your gaze fixed on the place of prostration. Always have khushoo
Khushoo is spiritual concentration, this means that the Muslim who prays, ignores all thoughts except Allah, and his heart focuses on Him only, out of humbleness. Without khushoo, then we are only praying like robots.
قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ
Certainly will the believers have succeeded
ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَٰشِعُونَ
They who are during their prayer humbly submissive
(Surah Al-Mu’minun 1-2)
6. It is sunnah to recite opening dua and seeking refuge with Allah from Shaitan the outcast.
“O Allah, distance me from my sins just as You have distanced the east from the west. O Allah cleanse me of my sins as a white garment is cleansed of filth. O Allah, wash my sins from me with snow, water, and hail.” (Bukhari 1/181, Muslim 598 a-bandIbn Majah)
And then seeking refuge with Allah from Shaitan the outcast.
أَعُوذُ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ
“I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan the accursed.”
“The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.”
Note: You must keep moving your tongue and lips while reciting the Quran
You should read tafsir, as to increase your knowledge and understanding of the Quran. Learning Arabic is one of the most important aspects for those who are not native speakers, as it is the language of the Quran.
8. It is recommended to recite a Surah after Fateha, Surah Ikhlas is sufficient, and it is reported in a hadith that it is equal to a third of the Qur’an.
Abu Darda’ reported Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) as saying:Is any one of you incapable of reciting a third of the Qur’an in a night? They (the Companions) asked: How could one recite a third of the Qur’an (in a night)? Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: “‘Say: He is Allah, One’ (Qur’an. cxii) is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.”
9. Raise your hand, before bowing down, keep your back and head straight.
My father said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and then say “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka l-hamd.” And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.
11. While rising up from bowing and before going to standing straight positon, say Sami Allah liman hamidah. If you are praying alone. You also raise hands as well, both alone and in congregational.
If the imam is leading. Say Rabbana wa-laka-hamd or Allahumma Rabbana wa-laka-hamd, after the imam has said “Sami Allah liman hamidah” and reached the standing straight position from bowing.
My father said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and then say “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka l-hamd.” And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.
12. Then put your hands on your chest, the same manner, but you may drop your hands to the sides, there are differences of opinions about placing hands. If you are praying alone, say either Rabbana wa-laka-hamd or Allahumma, Rabbana wa-laka-hamd after standing straight
“When the Prophet (ﷺ) raised his head from bowing, he said: ‘Allahumma Rabbana wa lakal-hamd (O Allah, our Lord and to You be the praise).'”
13. You do not raise your hands. Prostrate before Allah, the Supreme Lord, with all required parts put firmly (forehead, nose, palms, knees and toes) Keep your arms away from your body and keep it wide so the armpit can be seen. Do not rest your forearms on ground. Your hands should be next to your shoulders or ears.
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said. When you prostrate yourself, place the palms of your hands on the ground and raise your elbows.
20. Now you have finished one Rakat. You do the same for each rakats until the end, in 2nd Rakat, you will not stand up like the previous Rakat but instead, sit for tashahudd. This is the same as in prayers with more than 2 rakats, which has two tashahudd. (Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha).
21. As soon as you sit for tashahudd, raise your index finger. There are two ways. You also sit on your left foot and with your right feet erect.
1. Make a circle with middle finger and thumb, then raise your index finger.
He (Prophet peace be upon him) put the edge of his right elbow on his right thigh, then he held two of his fingers together and made a circle, and raised his forefinger, and I saw him moving it and supplicating with it.”
Do as the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to do. I said: How did Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) do? He said that he (the Messenger of Allah) sat at tashahhud, placed his right palm on the right thigh and closed all his fingers and pointed with the help of finger next to the thumb, and placed his left palm on his left thigh.
There are many different versions of At-Tahiyyaat recited by Companions of Prophet peace be upon him, from different ahadith. I will put the at-tahiyyaat of Ibn Masud, a companion of Prophet peace be upon him.
24. After reciting the second At-Tahhiyaat, you should recite durood Ibrahim. You also do the same sunnah, raising your index finger, with either way mentioned above, fixing your gaze on it and slightly moving it, until the end.
“O Allah, send blessing to Muhammad and family of Muhammad, as You have sent blessing to Ibrahim and family of Ibrahim, truly You are Praiseworthy and Glorious, O Allah bless Muhammad and family of Muhammad, as You have blessed Ibrahim and family of Ibrahim, truly You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.”
25. It is recommended to seek refuge with Allah from four things.
The Messenger of Allah (way peace be upon him) said: When any one of you utters tashahhud (in prayer) he must seek refuge with Allah from four (trials) and should thus say:” O Allah! I seek refuge with Thee from the torment of the Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trial of life and death and from the evil of the trial of Masih al-Dajjal” (Antichrist).
“Oh, Allah! I seek refuge with You from the torment of the Hell, from the tormentof the grave, from the trial of life and death, and from the evil of Mashih al-Dajjal.”
26. It is recommended to supplicate anything whatever you like, before saying the tasleem (two salaams). You can include duas from the Quran and Sunnah, as that is better.
While observing prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) we used to recite: Peace be upon Allah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to us: Verily Allah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer, he should say: All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants, for when he says this it reaches every upright servant in the heavens and the earth. (And say further): I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.
Zuhr: 4 (2+2) rakats sunnah salat before fard (obligatory), two after it. There is a hadith about praying 4, that whoever performs it, Allah will forbid him Fire, You can do 2+2 rakats, two rakats sunnah and then another two rakats, making it 4.
Asr is not included in Twelve sunnah salat. But, it is reported in Tirmidhi 430 that Allah will have mercy on those who pray 4 before Asr.
Maghrib: Two Sunnah rakat after farz.
Isha: Two Sunnah rakat after farz.
Fajr: Two Sunnah rakat before farz, this prayer is highly recommended and should be never missed even when in traveling, but it is not obligatory.
A house will be built for one who performs the Twelve sunnah salat.
“Whoever is regular with twelve Rak’ah of Sunnah (prayer), Allah will build a house for him in Paradise: Four Rak’ah before Zuhr, two Rak’ah after it, two Rak’ah after Maghrib, two Rak’ah after Isha, and two Rak’ah before Fajr.”
May Allah bless Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and those who came after them.
Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu. (peace be upon you with Allah’s mercy and blessing).
This book will focus on Aqeedah (Belief of Islam) with an easy explanation, suitable for children. It is the duty of Muslim parents to teach their children according to Islam, and the first thing that should be taught is, (Allah, Angels, Holy Books, Messengers, Day of Judgment and Divine Decree, good and bad in destiny) Peace be upon those who follow the guidance.
Islam is the true religion, it is religion of all Prophets. It means submission to Allah, anyone who follows Islam with correct Aqeedah is called Muslim. Islam teaches us that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah, and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Messenger of Allah, the Final Prophet, also seal of Prophet hood, which means there are no more prophets after him. Islam is built on five pillars, below are:
1. Shahadah (believing in Allah, and prophet hood of Muhammad peace be upon him)
2. Five daily prayers (Fajr which starts at dawn, Zuhr after zenith has finished, Asr, at evening, Maghrib when the sun has set, and Isha at night.)
3. Fasting in Ramadan, (refraining from eating and drinking, evil deeds and wasteful acitvities)
4. Paying Zakat (if one can able to.).
5. Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca once in lifetime).
And the six belief of Islam are:
1. Allah (Who is One and Only without any partner).
2. Angels (unseen creatures created from light).
3. Holy Books (Tawrat, Injil, Zabur and Qur’an.).
4. Prophets and Messengers (From Adam to Muhammad peace be upon them).
5. Day of Judgment (Two groups are split, one group going to Paradise and another going to Hellfire).
6. Divine Decree (Allah’s will, nothing happens except what He has willed).
One of the most important part of Islam is Tawheed. It means that Allah is One and Only, without any partner, father, mother, rival and peer. Shirk is opposed to Tawheed, it means to associate anything with Allah. It is greatest sin. Allah has stated in Qur’an Surah Nisa, that He will not forgive it.
Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates other with Allah has certainly fabricated tremendous sin.
This is scary verse, therefore we should be careful regarding our belief. We as Muslims should seek knowledge about Allah, so that we can protect ourselves from shirk. It is important that we know what is the meaning of La ilaha illallah Muhammadur RasulAllah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is Messenger of Allah). The meaning of La ilaha illallah will be explained below:
There are three types of Tawheed for easy understanding of La ilaha illallah:
1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship)
2. Tawheed-al-Ibaadah (Worshipping Allah alone)
3 Tawheed al-asma-was-sifaat (Uniqueness of Allah’s Names and Attributes)
Our belief about the Lordship of Allah, is that it means that everything belongs to Him. He is All-Powerful Lord, Who has power over everything, nothing happens except what He has willed. Even a leave cannot fall down without Allah’s permission. Everything depends on Him, while He depends on no one, For He is Independent Being. The One free of need, He knows everything, hearing and seeing everything. Nothing is hidden from Him.
The SHIRK: To believe that something can happen without Allah’s permission invalidates this type of Tawheed, for example, believing that stars can grant rainfall, or black cats as bad luck and so, falls under shirk, therefore we must beware of these shirk.
Our belief about Oneness of Allah, is that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah. Allah is worshiped alone, all false gods are rejected, All form of worships must be submitted to Him alone and nothing else, our intention must be purely for His pleasure when doing any of these act. Salat, dua, following Sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him, fasting and paying zakat, all falls under act of worship. Love, hope and fear are also acts of worship, and they should be submitted to the One worthy of being worshiped alone, without showing off. There are two types of shirk in this type.
1. Minor Shirk (showing off)
2. Major Shirk (anything worshiped beside Allah)
1. The MINOR SHIRK: To show off good deeds, such as beautifying Qur’anic recitation to seek attention from people and not Allah’s Pleasure, paying charity as to be shown righteous. Even taking selfie of one doing good deeds can be minor shirk. Minor shirk does not put one off fold of Islam, unlike the major shirk. But it is still major sin.
2. The MAJOR SHIRK: Anything that is worshiped beside Allah, such as taking anything as god beside Allah (Idols, stone, tree, animals and image), seeking help from grave etc. sacrificing animals in name of anything other than Allah. Committing this type of shirk puts one out of fold of Islam.
Our belief about beautfiul Names and Attributes of Allah belongs to Him alone, and should not be given to anything other than Him. Whatever Allah mentions His Names and attributes from Qur’an and whatever His Messenger mentions His Names and Attributes from authentic Sunnah. Then we should believe in them without adding, removing, changing, or similitude. We believe they are Unique and Perfect, Allah is not like His creation, nothing is like Him, as mentioned in Qur’an 42:11:
There is nothing like Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
The SHIRK: Giving anything Allah’s names and attributes, such as claiming that Allah is imperfect (Allah is free from every errors.) that Angels having the knowledge of unseen which belongs to Allah alone. This is refuted in Qur’an Surah Baqarah:
They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”
In time of Adam peace be upon him in Paradise. When Allah asked the angels about name of things, they could not answer anything and said “It is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”, therefore, the knowledge of the unseen belongs to Allah alone.
We should always make sure that our belief are correct according to Quran and Sunnah.
These type of Tawheed should be helpful in sha Allah (Allah willing). As for the meaning of “Muhammadur RasulAllah”. It means we believe that Muhammad peace be upon him is the Prophet of Allah, and the best guidance is guidance of Muhammad peace be upon him, we are commanded to follow his Sunnah. Allah spoke about him peace be upon him in Qur’an Surah An Najm:
Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” Quran 3:31
We must make sure that the act of worship we are doing is from Quran and Hadiths. Opposition to Sunnah is Biddah, which means to add something new that is not part of Islam, it is very against Islam. No matter how it looks good, there are no good biddah, as they are all evil, we should stay away from it, and stick to Sunnah. It is reported in authentic ahadith that Prophet peace be upon him said:
“Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (I.e Islam) that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”
(Sahih Bukhari 2697, Sahih Muslim 1718, Ibn Majah 14)
“The worst of things are those that are newly invented; every newly-invented thing is an innovation and every innovation is going astray, and every going-astray is in the Fire”
This is not talking about the inventions, such as technology, rather this is about religious matters, it means any thing that someone has innovated in matter of Islam is considered as biddah and rejected.
Now as for the six belief of Islam, this will be explained, in sha Allah. The first belief (Allah) has already been explained as above. Other belief are below:
Angels are unseen creatures, whom we cannot see their true forms, they are created from light.
They are obedient to Allah, submitting to Him without any hesitation.
They are sinless with no free will unlike mankind and jinns.
They can travel faster than speed of light,
They have wings, two three or four, as mentioned in Quran 35:1. Jibreel peace be upon him has highest numbers of wings (600 wings)
70,000 angels visit Much-Frequented House and when they have visited, they never return to it, and another group comes,
How many of they are now are known by Allah only, and since they are matter of unseen, we cannot imagine them what they look like, and only Allah knows them best.
The most important and best Angel is Jibreel, who conveyed Allah’s words to Muhammad peace be upon him. Muhammad peace be upon him saw him in his true form two times. He was so huge in his true form that he covered the whole horizon.
Other Angels are:
Angel of Death.
Malik and the nineteen guards of Hellfire.
Munkar and Nakir
Angel of Mountains
There is also group of angels who carry the Throne of Allah.
Because they are matter of unseen, we cannot say anything about them except what was revealed from Qur’an and Sunnah.
They do not eat and drink,
Nor feel tired in worshiping Allah or being bored,
They are different in their size and status.
They are able to take different form, including form of man, they are described as tall and beauitful.
Angels have different duties, as their names are mentioned above, below are them:
He is responsible for conveying Allah’s words to His Messengers.
He is responsible for managing rain, whatever Allah commands him, he also has helpers who directs the winds and clouds by Allah’s commands.
He will blow the Trumpet at onset of the Hour. He will be commanded by Allah to do so. The Trumpet will be blown two times, first time all creatures will swoon and second time the resurrection will come to pass.
He is keeper of Hellfire, and is leader of nineteen guards of Hellfire.
Angel of Death:
He is responsible for taking people’s souls away when their death time has come by Allah’s command. He also has helpers.
Munkar and Nakir
They are responsible for questioning the deceased in his/her grave. They will ask them three questions:
1. Who is your Lord?
2. What is your religion?
3. Who was the man sent among you?
If the deceased was righteous, he will answer them, and be in peace, but if he was hypocrite, he will not able to answer them and will be punished til the Day of Judgment.
Angel of Mountains:
He is responsible for the mountains, It is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim that he was sent by Allah to Prophet peace be upon him, He greeted him and said: “O Muhammad, order what you wish, and if you like, I will let the mountains fall on them.” However the Prophet peace be upon him refused.
The Holy Books:
Allah has sent His books which are:
1. Tawrat (Torah)
2. Injil (Gospel)
3. Zabur (Psalam)
It was revealed to Prophet Musa peace be upon him.
It was revealed to Prophet Isa peace be upon him
it was revealed to Prophet Dawood. peace be upon him
It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, each parts were revealed for 23 years, after the cave of Hira incident till his death.
The Prophets and Messengers:
Prophets are human beings with special status, they are sent by Allah to each of their different communities, til the Final Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, who was sent to all mankind and jinns. There are also prophets who are not mentioned by their names, 25 prophets are mentioned in Qur’an:
25. Muhammad. Peace be upon them all
We must believe in all of these great people. To reject one is like rejecting all of them.
The Day of Resurrection:
This is most terrifying Day, where Judgment will take place, the Trumpet will be blown two times by Israfil. Allah says in Quran in Surah Zumar:
And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing looking on.
In the Day, two groups are split, one group is destined to go to Paradise, while the another group is destined to go to Hellfire.
Paradise is one of the most beautiful place created by Allah, it is place of eternal happiness, where there will be no negative things, no sadness, anger, foul languages, and so, the people who enter it will be only happy and pleased, they will never want go back to anything.
The highest level of Jannah is Jannat-ul-Firdaus which is closest to Throne of Allah. May Allah grant us into it.
Hellfire is very terrifying and disgusting place, which no one wants to enter. It is where punishment will take place. Disbelievers and Hypocrites will enter it forever and they will never able to escape it. The hypocrites will be in lowest level of Hellfire which means they will face very painful punishment. Some punishments such as boiling water, eating devil shaped foods, wearing worst clothing are mentioned in Quran. Muslims who have sincere belief but are punished due to their sins will eventually leave Hellfire and enter Paradise. May Allah protect us from Hellfire.
Whatever Allah has willed, will occur and whatever He does not will, will not occur. Even a leaf cannot fall down without His permission. Everything depends on Him. Basic types of Divine Decree are below:
1. Allah’s Knowledge.
He knows all things, the past, what has happened, present which are happening now, and what will happen in future. All these are written in Clear Record (Quran 10:61)
“Whatever you (O Muhammad) may be doing, and whatever portion you may be reciting from the Qur’an, – and whatever you deed you (mankind) may be doing (good or evil), We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Nor what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. “
Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register. (Quran 36:12)
3. Whatever Allah wills something to happen, happens, He is All-Powerful Lord, and nothing happens except what He has willed. Nobody can do anything against Qadr, as all things decreed by Allah will come to pass.
Have they not traveled in the land, and seen what was the end of those before them, and they were superior to them in power? Allah is not such that anything in heaven or in the earth escapes Him. Verily He is All-Knowing, All-Omnipotent.” Quran 35:44
Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc) over all things” Quran 6:102
Therefore we should believe in Divine Decree, such that if Allah has decreed something to happen to us, good or bad, we should be thankful to Him, regardless, because He is The Wise, The Knowing, while our knowledge and wisdom are limited.
“O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.” (Surah Maida 6)
Condition of wudu according to scholars:
1. Being Muslim of sound mind (not insane)
2. Having reached age of puberty
3. Intention (in heart not in verbal)
4. Pure water
5. Getting rid of anything that prevents the water from reaching skin (paint, nail polish etc)
The Essential parts of wudu as mentioned in Quran:
1. Washing face
2. Washing forearms to elbows
3. Wiping head
4. Washing feets to ankles
Note: These parts must be cleaned properly (no dry spot) and washing with no lengthy lapse of time in between)
During Wudu, body parts can be cleaned one time, two times or three times. Below are ahadith on this matter.
1. Narrated Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him):
“The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed ablution by washing the body parts only once.”Bukhari 157
2. Narrated: Abdullah bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him):
“The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed ablution (Wudu) by washing the body parts twice.”Bukhari 158
3. Narrated Humran, the slave of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him):
“I saw Uthman bin Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought), he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to elbow thrice, passed his (wet)hands over his head, and washed his feet up to the ankles thrice. Then he said, “Allah’s Messenger said, “If anyone performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two Rakat Salat (prayer) during which he does not think of anything else, then his past sins will be forgiven.”Bukhari 159
Washing each part 3 times is recommended.
It is highly recommended to use miswak when making wudu. There is no hadith on any specific timings to use miswak while making wudu. The scholars have different opinions on this matter. One can use miswak before wudu, or after washing hands and before rinsing, or while rinsing, or after wudu.
In the light of the Quran and Sunnah, the correct method of wudu is:
1. It is sunnah (not obligatory) to say bismilliah before starting the ablution
2. Washing both hands 3 times
3. Rinsing mouth and blowing nose 3 times
4. Washing face 3 times
5. Washing forearms to elbows 3 times
6. Wiping the head twice (from front to back, then back to front), and ears, both inner and outer parts
7. Washing feet to ankles 3 times
Steps of Wudu:
1. Begin by saying Bismilliah (not obligatory)
2. Wash both of your hands
3. Wash between fingers.
4. Rinse your mouth
Note: It is sunnah to put same handful of water in mouth and nose, it can be done by putting half water into mouth and sniffing half of water, the water goes out of mouth before nose.
5. Blow your nose
6. Wash your face (hair of beard is a part of face)
As for thin beard, one should wash it inside and out
7. In case of thick beard, wash the surface, and run your wet fingers through it
8. Wash both of your forearms to elbows
9. Wipe your head (starting with front to back, and then back to front)
10. Wipe both of your ears, (inner and outer)
11. Wash both of your feets to ankles.
After wudu, it is recommended to recite these supplications:
“Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharikha lahu, wa ash hadu, anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu” Reference: Abu Dawood 169 and Sahih Muslim 234a
“I tesitfy that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.”
“Oh Allah! include me among those who repent and those who keep themselves pure.”
“Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, ashhadu anlaa ilaaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik” Reference: An-Nasa’i, ‘Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah, p. 173
“Glory be to You, O Allah, and praise; I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.”
1. It is common to see people wasting so much water. Wudu can still be made even with a bottle of water.Extravagance is forbidden in Qur’an 6:141
2. Some people also wipe their arms after wiping the head, this is not reported in ahadith.
3. Wiping front and back neck after wiping the head, this is not prescribed, and the ahadith concerning this are weak.
4. Some people raise their finger after wudu is made, this is not reported and hence is considered as biddah.
5. Looking up at the sky not reported in ahadith.
Virtues of Wudu:
1. Sins are forgiven, and ranks are raised
Sahih Muslim 251:
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Shall I not tell you something by means of which Allah erases sins and raises people in status?” They said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “Performing wudu properly during times when it is difficult to do so, taking many steps to the Masjid (i.e., coming to Masjid even from afar), and waiting for prayer after prayer. That is your Ribat, “
Abu Dawood 774:
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When one of you performs ablution (wudu) and does it well, then he comes to the mosque with no other motive but prayer and not seeking anything other than the prayer, he does not take one step but Allah raises him in status one degree thereby, and takes away one of his sins, until he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque he is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.
2. Shining face and limbs
Sahih Muslim 249:
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah:
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to the graveyard and said: “Peace be upon the abode of believing people, and if Allah wills we will join you soon. Would that we could see our brothers.” They said: “Are we not your brothers, O Messenger of Allah?” He said “You are my companions. Our brothers are those who have not come yet.” They said: “How will you recongize those of your Ummah who have not come yet, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “Do you not see that if a man has a horse that has a white blaze and white feet among horses that are all black, will he not recongnize his horse?” They said: “Of course, O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “You will come to me with glimmering faces and limbs (like the white markings of a horse) because of the traces of wudu‘. I will reach the Cistern (Hawd) before them. And Lo! Men will be driven away from my Cistern as stray camels are driven away. I will call out them: “Come here!”but it will be said: “They changed after you were gone.” And I will say: “Away with you, away with you!”
3. Sins exits
Sahih Muslim 244:
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When a Muslim or a believer – perform wudu and washes his face, every sin that he looked at with his eyes comes out from his face with the water – or with the last drop of the water. When he washes his hands, every sin that he commited with his hands comes out from his hands with the water – or with the last drop of the water. When he washes his feet, every sin to which he walked with his feet comes out from his feet with the water or with the last drop of the water – until he emerges cleansed of sins.”
Sahih Muslim 255:
It was narrated that ‘Uthman bin Affan said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs wudu and performs wudu well, his sins comes out of body, even from beneath his nails.”
Ibn Majah 282:
It was narrated from Abdullah As-Sunabihi that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs ablution and rinses his mouth and nose, his sins will exit through his mouth and nose. When he washes his face, his sins will exit from his face, even from beneath his eyelids. When he washes his hands, his sins will exit from his hands. When he wipes his head, his sins will exit from his head, and even from his ears. When he washes his feet, his sins will exit from his feet, even from beneath his toenails. Then his prayer and his walking toward the mosque will earn extra merit for him.”
Sahih Bukhari 6433
Narrated Ibn Aban: I brought water to Uthman bin Affan to perform the ablution while he was sitting on his seat. He perofrmed ablution in a perfect way and said, “I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) performing ablution in this place and he said perofrmed it in a perfect way and said, “Whoever performs ablution as I have performed this time and then proceeds to the mosque and offers a two rakat prayer and then sits there [waiting for the compulsory congregration salat (prayers)], then all his sins will be forgiven. ”
The Prophet (peace be upon him) further added, “Do not be conecited [thinking that your sins will be forgiven because of your Salat (prayers)].”
4. Half of Iman
Sahih Muslim 223, Tirmidhi 3517, Nasai 2437
It was narrated that Abu Malik Al-Ashari said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Purification is half of faith,”Al-Hamdu Lilliah” fills the Balance and “Subhan-Allahi wal-hamd Lilliah” fill or fills – the space between heaven and earth. As Salat (prayers) is light, As Sadaqa (charity) is proof, As-Sabr (patience) is illumination and the Qur’an is evidence for you or against you. All people go out in the morning and sell themselves, either freeing themselves or condeming themselves.”
5. When one walks to masjid after wudu is made and finds it finished.
Abu Dawood 564:
Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs wudu and performs it well, then leaves (to the masjid) and finds that the people have already prayed, then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, will give him the reward of the one who prayed and attended it (the congregation): no part of his reward will be diminished.”
6. Paradise becomes obligatory
Abu Dawood 906:
Uqbah bin Amir Al-Juhani said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “No one performs the wudu having performed it well, and prays two rakats, while having full concentration of his heart and soul in them, except that Paradise becomes obligatory for him.”
7. Sins are forgiven after performing two rakat prayers.
Abu Dawood 905:
Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performed wudu and performed it well, then he prayed two rakats, without being distracted in them, he will have all his sins forgiven.”
Abu Dawood 774:
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When one of you performs ablution and does it well, then he comes to the mosque with no other motive but prayer and not seeking anything other than the prayer, he does not take one step but Allah raises him in status one degree thereby, and takes away one of his sins, until he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque he is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.”
What breaks wudu?
2. Urination (even drop of urine)
3. Passing wind
4. Eating camel meat (Ibn Majah 494, Sahih)
5. Loss of consciouness (deep sleep and insanity, for example)