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PDA (Public Display of Affection)

PDA

PDA (Public display of Affection) is a vulgar culture, it is based on Western. yet it also took place among Muslims. Mostly, the married couples are seen hugging each other, holding hands in front of people… It is also still common in Social media as well…

It is very against modesty, and aswell it is contrary to protective jealousy of man.

It is the duty of a Muslim man to protect the honor of his wife, and he should make sure that she does not fall into any dangers.

Allah says in Quran

ٱلرِّجَالُ قَوَّٰمُونَ عَلَى ٱلنِّسَآءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ ٱللَّهُ بَعۡضَهُمۡ عَلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ وَبِمَآ أَنفَقُواْ مِنۡ أَمۡوَٰلِهِمۡۚ فَٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتُ قَٰنِتَٰتٌ حَٰفِظَٰتٌ لِّلۡغَيۡبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ ٱللَّهُۚ

Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them, guard.

Therefore it is completely against Allah’s command that man should practice PDA with his wife.

Modesty is of great importance. It is reported in ahadith:

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Faith has seventy odd branches and modesty (Al-Haya’) is a branch of faith.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5004

Narrated Abu Mas`ud:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘One of the sayings of the early Prophets which the people have got is: If you don’t feel ashamed, do whatever you like.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6120

And it is also important that the man should also protect his wife’s honor, that he should have protective jealousy over her, and not allow any strangers to touch her.

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Sa’d b. Ubada (Allah be pleased with him) said:

Messenger of Allah, if I were to find with my wife a man, should I not touch him before bringing four witnesses? Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Yes. He said: By no means. By Him Who has sent you with the Truth, I would hasten with my sword to him before that. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Listen to what your chief says. He is jealous of his honor, I am more jealous than he (is) and God is more jealous than I.

Sahih Muslim 1498 c

See how Hazrat Sa’d b Ubadah’s jealousy toward his wife was! Yet today, we come across many pictures of Muslim couples showing affection, holding hands, hugging, etc… This is not good.

Moreover, not only it also affects the honor of the couples, but it could lead to evil eyes as well. Many of our brothers and sisters are unmarried, even at older ages, and are still struggling to find spouses. So if they were to see what the married couples are doing in public, they would grow more depressed and feel hatred and envious toward those.

So, therefore, you must avoid displaying affection with your spouses publicly. Do it in private, don’t follow the kafirs’ way. Follow the Prophet peace be upon him and his companions, for they had best Ghayrah..

See about Hijab as-well

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Pillar of Islam

Khushoo

Khushoo

Salat the 2nd pillar of Islam after Shahadah, is one of the most important acts of worship, as it is a conversation with Allah, the Supreme Creator, Lord of the Worlds. There are 5 daily prayers with Jumma every Friday.

Please share this message to your friends, family members and other seeking pleasure of Allah only.

One of the most important conditions required for successful salat is Khusu, which is spiritual concentration. During the prayer, the Muslim humbles himself before Allah, acknowledging that he depends on Allah, Who is the Independent Being and does not need anything from him, thus he expresses his poverty. He only focuses on Him leaving all worldly thoughts.

Unfortunately, there are many Muslims who do not pray with khushoo, feel lazy, and unwilling to pray. Some do not have humility, and instead, rush to finish it.

May Allah forgive me if I have erred in any matter and may He makes this article beneficial for all of my brothers and sisters and me.

What is Khushoo?

Khushoo is an Arabic word referring to humility, humbleness, and calmness. In Salat, the khushoo is spiritual concentration, to which a Muslim leaves all worldly thoughts and needs, and put all focus on Allah alone. Submitting to Him, feeling fearful of Him from his body and heart.

Allah tells us that the successful believers are among those who submit themselves fully to Him, in their salats.

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ

Certainly, will the believers have succeeded

ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَٰشِعُونَ

They who are during their prayer humbly submissive

Surah Mu’minun 1-2

Hazrat Qayyim said regarding khusu

“The khushoo’ of true faith is when the heart feels aware and humble before the greatness and glory of Allah, and is filled with awe, fear, and shyness so that the heart is utterly humbled before Allah and broken, as it were, with fear, shyness, love and the recognition of the blessings of Allah and its own sins. So no doubt the khushoo’ of the heart is followed by the khushoo’ of the body. . (Al-Rooh, p. 314)

The rewards of your salat depends on your khushoo.

It is important that you focus on having as maximum khushoo as possible. It is reported in different ahadith.

“A slave may pray and have nothing recorded for it except a tenth of it, or a ninth, or an eighth, or a seventh, or a sixth, or a fifth, or a quarter, or a third, or a half.

”(Reported by Imaam Ahmad; Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 1626).

Hazrat Ibn Abbas said regarding the khushoo

“You will only have from your prayer that which you focused on.”

and Prophet peace be upon him also said

“When a slave stands and prays, all his sins are brought and placed on his head and shoulders. Every time he bows or prostrates, some of them fall from him.”

(Reported by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubraa, 3/10;)

Happiness is earned in Salat with full khushoo…

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘In this world, women and perfume have been made dear to me, and my comfort has been provided in prayer.'”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 3939

How does one get khushoo?

There are many ways of getting Khushoo:

1. See yourself as a slave of Allah, and be certain that you will meet Him.

First, the Muslim should acknowledge that he depends on Allah alone and that he will meet Him on Day of Judgement. We will be accountable for all of our deeds we have done, good or bad. This includes our prayers.

He should know that this worldly life is only temporary and that Hereafter is real and eternal. He should remind himself of this verse.

وَمَا خَلَقۡتُ ٱلۡجِنَّ وَٱلۡإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُونِ

“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me”

Surah Adh-Dhariyat 56

2. Repeat what the Mu‘adh-dhin says:

It is sunnah to repeat what the Mu’adh-dhin.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: When the Mu’adhdhin says: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, and one of you should make this response: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; (and when the Mu’adhdhin) says: I testify that there is no god but Allah, one should respond: I testify that there is no god but Allah, and when he says: I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, one should make a response: I testify that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger. When he (the Mu’adhdhin) says: Come to prayer, one should make a response: There is no might and no power except with Allah. When he (the Mu’adhdhin) says: Come to salvation, one should respond: There is no might and no power except with Allah, and when he (the Mu’adhdhin) says: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, then make a response: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. When he (the Mu’adhdhin) says: There is no god but Allah, and he who makes a response from the heart: There is no god but Allah, he will enter Paradise.

Sahih Muslim 385

I heard Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan (repeating the statements of the Adhan) while he was sitting on the pulpit. When the Mu’adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan saying, “Allahu-Akbar, Allahu Akbar”, Muawiya said: “Allah Akbar, Allahu Akbar.” And when the Mu’adh-dhin said, “Ash-hadu an la ilaha illal-lah (I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)”, Muawiya said, “And (so do) I”. When he said, “Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah” (I testify that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle), Muawiya said, “And (so do) I”. When the Adhan was finished, Muawiya said, “O people, when the Mu’adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) on this very pulpit saying what you have just heard me saying”.

Sahih Bukhari 914

These are very beneficial, for they keep you prepared for the prayer, as you are going to meet your Creator, which then will give you khushoo. In sha Allah.

3. Recite the supplication after making your wudu.

“Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharikha lahu, wa ash hadu, anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu”

“I testify that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.”

Reference: Abu Dawood 169 and Sahih Muslim 234a

“Allahumma aj’alni minat-tawwabina waj’alni minAI-mutatahhrina”

“Oh, Allah! include me among those who repent and those who keep themselves pure.”

  Reference: Bulugh al-Maram 57

“Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, ashhadu anlaa ilaaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik”  

“Glory be to You, O Allah, and praise; I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.”

Reference: An-Nasa’i, ‘Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah, p. 173

3. Use Miswak

It is one of the great sunnah, abandoned by many muslims in favor of toothbrush and toothpaste. Prophet peace be upon him stressed on the use of miswak.

Abu Hurairah narrated that :

Allah’s Messenger said: “If it were not that it would be difficult on my nation, then I would have ordered them to use the Siwak for each prayer.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 22

Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq said:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: `The siwak is purifying for the mouth and pleasing to the Lord.”

Musnad Ahmad 62

4. Take your adornment (etc wear best clothing)

Whenever we are invited to meet the President or when there is a business talk going on, we would naturally try to take our best adornment we have right now, such as wearing luxurious suits, applying perfume, etc. But when it comes to meeting our Creator, we don’t really prepare ourselves, even in fajr, we would just pray in our pajama instead. We should try to prepare ourselves for salat, by wearing good clothing and perfumes only intended to seek Allah’s pleasure.

Allah says in Quran:

يَٰبَنِيٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمۡ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ

O Children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid.

Surah A’raf 31

So therefore we should try our best to look good only for the pleasure of Allah.

5. Spending your time doing dhikr, and reading the Quran, and other beneficial acts.

Remembrance of Allah relaxes our hearts, even during times of hardship. We should try spending our time remembering Allah, such as Subhan Allah, (Allah is free from every error), Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), La ilaha illallah (There is no god but Allah).

The Quran is the best Dikhr, which many people left reciting. When you read it, especially if you know Arabic, you will see that it has a beautiful theme, it tells you about who Allah is, how you worship Him, and living according to His laws, it warns you about the Day of Judgment, which can keep you feel humbled before Almighty Allah.

إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا ٱلذِّكۡرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ

Indeed, it is We Who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian.

Surah Al-Hijr 9

We should stay away from useless activities that keep us stuck longer as these may take our khushoo away and our thoughts may become filled with such activities.

6. Start war against Shaytan the cursed.

Shaytan has promised that he will try to mislead Children of Adam

قَالَ فَبِمَآ أَغۡوَيۡتَنِى لَأَقۡعُدَنَّ لَهُمۡ صِرَٰطَكَ ٱلۡمُسۡتَقِيمَ

[Satan] said, “Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.

ثُمَّ لَأَتِيَنَّهُم مِّنۢ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَٰنِهِمْ وَعَن شَمَآئِلِهِمْۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَٰكِرِينَ

Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You].”

Surah Al-A’raf 17

And he will try his best to annoy us in salats by throwing out any thoughts and whisperings. So we should fight him.

It is sunnah to seek refuge with Allah from shaitan the outcasted when in salat before starting to recite Surah Fatiha.

7. Try to feel that you are in front of your Creator when praying to Him.

This is actually proven from the hadith.

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saw sputum on the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off. He faced the people and said, “Whenever any one of you is praying, he should not spit in front of him because in the prayer Allah is in front of him.”

Sahih Bukhari 406 and Sahih Muslim 547 a

Therefore, you should pray as if you are in front of Allah, your Creator, Who does not need you, but it is you who needs Him most… Always try your best to stay humble and do not do foolish movements such as looking around, or up to the sky, fiddling with your beard and hair, looking at your watch, etc…

8. Pray as if it is your last prayer

Prophet peace be upon him gave us beautiful advice.

“A man came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me but make it concise.’ He said: ‘When you stand to pray, pray like a man bidding farewell. Do not say anything for which you will have to apologize. And give up hope for what other people have.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah 4171

9. Dont hasten the prayer

Often we get stressed or feel worried about some of our worldly works, thus we end up being hastily in the prayer. This is not acceptable.

Brothers, do you not realize that everything is controlled by Allah? why don’t you know that prayers are most important and bring you closer to Allah? Do you not realize that the worst of thieves are actually those who steal the prayers?

It is reported in ahadith

(Prophet peace be upon him said) “the worst of thieves is the one who steals his prayer.” They said, “How does he steal his prayer, Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “He does not do ruku or sajdah properly.”

Muawatta Imam Malik 406

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) forbade three things: Pecking like a crow, spreading (the forearms) like a beast of prey, and a man having a place in the mosque in which he usually offers the prayer, like a camel has a place to which it usually goes.”

Ibn Majah 1496

Abu Hurairah narrated:

“Allah’s Messenger entered the Masjid, and a man entered and offered Salat. Then he came to give Salam to the Propet. He returned the Salam to him and said: ‘Go back and perform Salat, for indeed you have not prayed.’ So the man returned to pray as he had prayed. Then he came to give Salam to the Prophet. He returned Salam to him, then [Allah’s Messenger] said: ‘Go back and perform Salat, for indeed you have not prayed’ until he had done that three times. So the man said to him: ‘By the One who sent you with the Truth, I do not know any better than this, so teach me.’ So he said [to him]: ‘When you stand for Salat then say the Takbir, then recite what is easy for you of the Quran. Then bow until you are at rest while bowing, then rise up until you are at rest sitting. Do that in all of your Salat.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 303

10. Remember that Allah talks about you when you are reciting Surah Faitha.

It is one of the most beautiful part of Salat that your Creator talks about you… Subhan Allah…

It was said to Abu Huraira: At times we are behind the Imam. He said: Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) declare that Allah the Exalted had said: I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks.

When the servant says: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe, Allah the Most High says: My servant has praised Me.

And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful. Allah the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me.

And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me.

And when he (the worshipper) says: Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.

Then, when he (the worshipper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou hast been Gracious not of those who have incurred Thy displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray. He (Allah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.

Sahih Muslim 395 a

11. Make small pause between the verses and reflect on its meaning.

It is sunnah to make a small pause between verses so that you reflect on its meaning which helps you to gain more khushoo. In sha Allah.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite: “In the name of Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment,” breaking its recitation into verses, one after another.

Abu Dawood 4001

Reading Tafsir also helps you to understand about Quran better.

12. Learn Arabic, the language of Quran

Quran was revealed in Arabic language. When one learns the language, he will find so much beautiful things about Quran. By explaining the Quran in another language, it’s no longer Quran. Allah says:

إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَٰهُ قُرۡءَٰنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ

Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand.

Surah Yusuf 2

The Salaf (3 generations of Islam, Prophet’s companions, then Tabien, and then Taba Tabien) used to enjoin the non-Arabs to learn Arabic.

Ubay ibn Ka’b (رضي الله عنه) said:
“Teach Arabic (i.e. Arabic grammar) like you teach the memorisation of the Qur’aan!”

Abu Bakr as-Sideeq (رضي الله عنه) said:
“That I recite and forget (a portion) is more beloved to me than to make a grammatical mistake!”

Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) once passed by a group of archers who missed their targets. He reprimanded them, and they responded that they were only beginners, but they made a grammatical mistake in phrasing their response. He told them, “Verily, your mistakes in (Arabic) grammar are more difficult for me to bear than your mistakes in archery!”

(Quotes from Lughat al-Qur’aan by Abu Ubadah Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, pps 15-20)

‘Abdullaah bin Zayd An-Numayri reports that Al-Hasan Al-Basri said:

“They (the heretics) were destroyed by their inability in Arabic.”

Al-Bukhaari, At-Taareekh Al-Kabeer 5/99.

Al-Imaam Ash-Shaafi’i said:

“People didn’t become ignorant and didn’t differ amongst themselves except because they left Arabic and leaned towards the language of Aristotle.”

Quoted by As-Suyuti in Sawn Al-Mantiq p15.

As-Suyuti said on p22 of the same book:

“I have found that the Salaaf before Ash-Shaafi’i indicate what he did: that the cause of heresy is ignorance of the Arabic language.”

So according to the Salaf, those who are not native speaker of Arabic (including me) are obligated to learn the Arabic.

13. Memorize some of surahs especially the small one

These help you to learn more and to achieve full khushoo. For 2 rakats sunnah prayer, it is sunnah to recite Surah Kafiroon and then Ikhlaas.

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that in the two Rak’ah before the Fajr, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite:

“Say: ‘O you disbelievers!” [Al-Kafirun (109)] and “Say: Allah is One.” [Al-Ikhlas (112)]

By reflecting on these surahs, you reject all forms of kufr and shirks, and accept the Oneness of Allah, believing in His beautiful and Perfect attributes.

14. Straighten the rows.

This is most ignored obligatory command, Prophet peace be upon him commanded us to straighten rows. It is reported in ahadith.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Straighten your rows as the straightening of rows is essential for perfect and correct prayer. “

Sahih al-Bukhari 723

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Straighten your rows or Allah will alter your faces.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 717

Prophet peace be upon him said that the shaitans enters the rows like small sheeps

“Make your rows solid and close together, and keep your necks in line. By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad! I can see the shaitan entering through the gaps in the rows as if they are small sheep.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 815

It is also a great sunnah for man to take the first row. As for the women, they should be in the last rows, to avoid any temptation.

Abu Hurairah narrated that:

Allah’s Messenger said: “The best rows for the men are the first of them, and the worst are the last of them. And the best rows for the women are the last of them, and the worst are the first of them.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 224

15. Say Ameen behind the Imam when he says the ameen too at the end of the Surah Fatiha.

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘When the Imam says: Not (the way) of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray, say: ‘Amin’ for the angels say Amin and the Imam says Amin, and if a person’s Amin coincides with the Amin of the angels, his previous sins will be forgiven.'”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 927

16. Say Rabbana Wa Laka hamd when the Imam says “Sami Allah liman Hamidah

Narrated Rifa’a bin Rafi Az-Zuraqi:

One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah.” A man behind him said, “Rabbana wa laka l-hamdu, hamdan kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet completed the prayer, he asked, “Who has said these words?” The man replied, “I.” The Prophet said, “I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first.” Prophet rose (from bowing) and stood straight till all the vertebrae of his spinal column came to a natural position.

Sahih al-Bukhari 799

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “When the Imam says: ‘Sami Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him),’ then say: ‘Rabbana wa lakal-hamd,’ (Our Lord, and to You be the praise).’ Whoever says that and it coincides with the angels saying it, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 1063

17. Repeat verses as to ponder on its meaning again and again.

The Prophet peace be upon him used to do this.

It was reported that he spent a night repeating one aayah until morning came. The ayah was (interpretation of the meaning): “If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”[al-Maa‟idah 5:118].

(Reported by Ibn Khuzaymah, 1/271 and Ahmad, 5/149; Sifat al-Salaah, p. 102)

18. Place the Sutrah

It is sunnah to place the sutrah infront of you, so that you don’t feel disturbed. Sutrah also prevents the people from crossing infront of you.

Narrated Sahl ibn Abu Hathmah:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: When one of you prays facing a sutrah he should keep close to it, and not let the devil interrupt his prayer.

Sunan Abi Dawud 695

19. Place the right hand over your left hand in Qiyam position

Narrated Sahl bin Sa`d:

The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, “I knew that the order was from the Prophet (ﷺ) .”

Sahih al-Bukhari 740

According to the scholars, this is sign of humility.

Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about the meaning of placing one hand on top of the other when standing in prayer. He said: “It is humility before the Almighty.”

(Al-Khushoo‟ fi‟l-Salaah by Ibn Rajab, p. 21).

Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “The „ulamaa‟ said: the meaning of this posture is that it is the attitude of the humble petitioner, it is more likely to prevent fidgeting, and it is more conducive to khushoo‟.”

(Fath al-Baari, 2/224).

20. Keep your gaze strict on the place of prostration

It was reported from Aa‟ishah that

“The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pray with his head tilted forward and his gaze lowered, looking at the ground.”

(Reported by al-Haakim, 1/479. He said it is Saheeh according to the condition of the two Shaykhs [al-Bukhariand Muslim], and al-Albaani agreed with him in Sifat al-Salaah, p. 89)

21. Look at your index finger and keeping gaze on it, while moving it during Tashahudd.

This is one of the most ignored sunnah

It is reported in hadith:

then he (Prophet Peace be upon him) held two of his fingers together and made a circle, and raised his forefinger, and I saw him moving it and supplicating with it.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 889

Abd Allah b. al-Zubair narrated the above-mentioned tradition on the authority of his father saying:

He (Prophet peace be upon him) kept his look fixed on the finger he was pointing.

Sunan Abi Dawud 990

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “It is more powerful against the Shaytan than iron”

(Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 2/119, with a hasan isnaad, as stated in Sifat al-Salaah, p. 159)

i.e., pointing with the forefinger during the Tashahhud is more painful to the Shaytan than being beaten with a rod of iron, because it reminds the slave of the Unity of Allah and to be sincere in his worship of Him alone, and this is what the Shaytan hates most; we seek refuge with Allah from him.”

(al-Fath al-Rabbani by al-Saa‟idi, 4/15).

22. Offer Sujood-Al-Tilaawah when you recite an Ayat of Prostration:

Umar bin Al-Khattab recited Surat-an-Nahl on a Friday on the pulpit and when he reached the verse of Sajda he got down from the pulpit and prostrated and the people also prostrated. The next Friday Umar bin Al-Khattab recited the same Sura and when he reached the verse of Sajda he said, “O people! When we recite the verses of Sajda (during the sermon) whoever prostrates does the right thing, yet it is no sin for the one who does not prostrate.” And Umar did not prostrate (that day). Added Ibn `Umar “Allah has not made the prostration of recitation compulsory but if we wish we can do it.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1077

Abu Salama b. ‘Abual-Rahman reported:

Abu Huraira recited before them:” When the heaven burst asunder” (al-Qur’an 84:1) and performed prostration. After completing (the prayer) he informed them that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has prostrated himself at it (this verse).

Sahih Muslim 578 a

It also annoys Shaitan, thus making his hold weak.

Abu Hurayrah said:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When the son of Adam recites a sajdah, the Shaytan goes away weeping, saying, “Woe to him! He was commanded to prostrate and he prostrated, so Paradise is his; I was ordered to prostrate and I disobeyed, so Hell is my fate!”

(Reported by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh, no. 133) and Ibn Majah 1105

23. Understand how the Salaf prayed and how they had khushoo

The Salaf were the best generation, for their piety, beautiful manners, wisdoms and knowledge. It is important that we follow their footsteps so that we follow the Straight Path. They had such level of khushoo, that we could never be able to match. But still, we should try to follow their examples.

Mujaahid (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “When one of them stood in prayer, he would be too fearful of his Lord to allow his eyes to be drawn to anything, or to turn aside or to fidget by playing with pebbles or anything else or to think of any worldly matter, unless he forgot, during prayer.”

(Ta‟zeem Qadr al-Salaah, 1/188)

When Ibn al-Zubayr stood up to pray, he would be like a stick (i.e., immobile) with khushoo‟. Once he was prostrating when a missile from a catapult was launched at him, when Makkah was being besieged, and part ofhis garment was torn away whilst he was praying, and he did not even raise his head. Muslimah ibn Bashshaar was praying in the mosque when part of it collapsed, and the people got up [and fled], but he was praying and did not even notice. We have heard that one of them was like a garment thrown on the floor; one of them would end his prayer with the colour of his complexion changed because he had been standing before Allah. One of them would not know who was standing to his right or left when he prayed. One of them would go pale when he did wudoo‟ for prayer, and it was said to him, “We see that when you do wudoo‟ a change comes over you.” He said, “I know before Whom I am going to stand.” When the time for prayer came, „Ali ibn Abi Taalib would be visibly shaken, and the colour of his face would change. It was said to him, “What is the matter with you?‟ He said, “By Allah, there has come the time of the amaanah (trust) which Allahoffered to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined tobear it and were afraid of it, but I bore it [cf. Al-Ahzaab 33:72].” When Sa‟eed al-Tanookhi prayed, there would be tears rolling down his cheeks onto his beard. We heard that one of the Taabi‟een, when he stood up to pray, his colour would change, and hewould say, “Do you know before Whom I am going to stand and with Whom I am going to talk?” Who among you has fear and respect like this?

(Silaah al-Yaqazaan li Tard al-Shaytan, Abd al-Azeez Sultaan, p. 209)

24. If you have urge to relieve yourself, do so.

Because it can disturb your khushoo easily, thererfore you should relieve yourself first.

The Messenger of Allah forbade a man to perform prayer when he was suppressing (the urge to urinate or defecate).

Ibn Majah 617

25. Avoid praying when you feel sleepy.

When one is sleepy, he loses his awareness, and sometimes he may end up cursing himself accidentally. Therefore it is best to take a rest if you feel sleepy.

Allah’s Messenger said: “When one of you is sleepy and he is performing Salat, then let him lie down until the sleep is gone from him. For when one of you performs Salat while he is sleepy, perhaps he wants to seek forgiveness but he curses himself.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 355

26. If you feel hungry and a food has been served, eat it first before going for prayer.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: When the supper is served to any one of you and the prayer also begins. (in such a case) first take supper, and do not make haste (for prayer) till you have (taken the food).

Sahih Muslim 559 a

27. Get rid of anything that could distract your khushoo.

Example, pictures, colorful decoration, TV.

It was narrated that ‘Aishah said:

“In my house there was a cloth on which were images, which I put in a niche of the house, and the Messenger of Allah [SAW] used to pray facing it. Then he said: ‘O ‘Aishah, take it away from me.’ So I took it down and made it into pillows.’

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5354

Any loud places such as people making alot of noises, arguing with each other must be avoided too.

28. Avoid praying on prayer mat with designs disturbing the khushoo and wearing garment with designs.

The Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) prayed in a garment which had designs over it, so he (the Holy Prophet) said: Take it to Abu Jahm and bring me a plain blanket from him, because its designs have distracted me.

Sahih Muslim 556 a

29. Don’t pray behind sleeping person or those talking.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Do not pray behind a sleeping or a talking person.

Although there is a hadith.

Narrated `Urwa:

The Prophet (ﷺ) prayed while Aisha was lying between him and his Qibla on the bed on which they used to sleep.

Sahih al-Bukhari 384

Some scholars among the Salaf thought it is makruh to pray behind a sleeping person because the person could expose something. But if there is no risk about it, then no problem in praying behind the person. Allah knows best.

30. Avoid smoothering the ground

Mu’aiqib reported the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying ;

Do not remove pebbles while you are praying; if you do it out of sheer necessity, do it only once to smooth the pebbles.

Sunan Abi Dawud 946

The reason is to keep maintainng the khushoo, by avoiding making extra movements.

31. Avoid distracting the people with your recitation.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) retired to the mosque. He heard them (the people) reciting the Qur’an in a loud voice. He removed the curtain and said: Lo! every one of you is calling his Lord quietly. One should not trouble the other and one should not raise the voice in recitation or in prayer over the voice of the other.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1332

32. Avoid looking at the heaven and around.

‘A’ishah said:

I asked the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) about looking to the sides during prayer. He said: It is something which the devil snatches from a servant’s prayers.

Sunan Abi Dawud 910

It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) led his Companions in prayer one day. When he had finished the prayer he turned to face the people and said: ‘What is wrong with some people that they lift their gaze to the heavens?’ He spoke severely concerning that: ‘They should certainly abstain from that or Allah will snatch away their sight.’”

Ibn Majah 1044

33. Avoid yawning while in the prayer

It is not good manner, and as well shaitan will laugh when you yawn.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Yawning is from Satan and if anyone of you yawns, he should check his yawning as much as possible, for if anyone of you (during the act of yawning) should say: ‘Ha’, Satan will laugh at him.

Sahih al-Bukhari 3289

34. Avoid spitting on direction of Qibla

It is against the proper manner of Salat, as you are speaking to Allah.

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saw some sputum in the direction of the Qiblah of the mosque. He turned to the people and said:

“What is wrong with one of you that he stands facing Him (meaning his Lord) and spits in front of Him? Would anyone like to be faced by someone who spits in his face? If anyone of you needs to spit, then let him spit to his left, or let him do like this in his garment.”

Ibn Majah 1022

35. Avoid putting your hands on the hip

Abu Hurairah narrated:

“The Prophet (S) prohibited that a man to pray with his hands on his hip.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 383

“I prayed beside Ibn Umar and put my hand on my waist, and he did this to me-knocked it with his hand. When I had finished praying I said to a man: ‘Who is this?’ He said: “Abdullah bin Umar.’ I said: ‘O Abu Abdur-Rahman, why are you angry with me?’ He said: ‘This is the posture of crucifixion, and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) forbade us to do this.'”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 891

36. Avoid letting your lower clothing go below the ankles

Our Prophet peace be upon him prohibited us to do this.

Abu Hurairah said:

“The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: ‘Whatever of the Izar comes below the ankles is in the Fire.'”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5330

37. Avoid coming to the masjid with bad smell (resulted from eating onions, leek, or smoking)

It is offensive to the worshippers and could disturb their khushoo due to their bother of the bad-smelling. It also offends the angels.

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying:

He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes he said: He who eats onion and garlic and leek, should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam.

Sahih Muslim 564 c

38. Pray two rakats Tahyyiat prayer before sitting down

It can be any sunnah prayer including the two rakat Sunnah of Fajr.

Narrated Abu Qatada bin Rabi Al-Ansari;:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “If anyone of you enters a Mosque, he should not sit until he has offered a two Rakat prayer.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1167

It is like a warmup for the Farz. It makes you prepared for better khushoo.


May Allah grant us full khushoo. We depend on Him, He is Independent Being and does not need us. We seek His help to achieve the joy found in Salat.

Alhamduillah

For learning how to perform prayer. the article here is available.

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Miscellaneous

Birthday

Birthday In Islam

A birthday is celebration which is celebrated when the person has reached his birth day. People often would give gifts, such as foods, watches, and sometimes expensive things, etc. The parties are held in home, office or schools

But can Muslims practice it?

We should look at how it started. Little research will be enough. According to this website

It all started with the Egyptians.

Scholars who study the Bible say that the earliest mention of a birthday was around 3,000 B.C.E. and was in reference to a Pharaoh’s birthday. But further study implies that this was not their birth into the world, but their “birth” as a god.

When Egyptian pharaohs were crowned in ancient Egypt, they were considered to have transformed into gods. This was a moment in their lives that became more important than even their physical birth.

Pagans, such as the ancient Greeks, believed that each person had a spirit that was present on the day of his or her birth. This spirit kept watch and had a mystic relation with the god on whose birthday that particular individual was born.

The Birthday candles was started by the Greeks.

Gods and goddesses were a huge part of Greek culture. Greeks offered many tributes and sacrifices to appease these gods. The lunar goddess, Artemis, was no different.

As a tribute to her, the Greeks would offer up moon-shaped cakes adorned with lit candles to recreate the glowing radiance of the moon and Artemis’ perceived beauty. The candles also symbolized the sending of a signal or prayer. Blowing out the candles with a wish is another way of sending that message to the gods.

Birthdays first started as a form of protection.

It is assumed that the Greeks adopted the Egyptian tradition of celebrating the “birth” of a god. They, like many other pagan cultures, thought that days of major change, such as these “birth” days, welcomed evil spirits. They lit candles in response to these spirits almost as if they represented a light in the darkness. This implies that birthday celebrations started as a form of protection.

In addition to candles, friends and family would gather around the birthday person and protect them from harm with good cheers, thoughts, and wishes. They would give gifts to bring even more good cheer that would ward off evil spirits. Noisemakers were also used to scare away the unwanted evil.


So what does Islam say about birthday?

These traditions mentioned above were all based on Shirks.

According to scholars, celebrating birthday is not permissible, because they imitate the Kafirs. and what they said is true, the roots of birthday as mentioned above, shows that it was actually the Kafirs who invented it for their false gods.

Even Muslims should not celebrate Christmas, because it is basically just pagan culture. The Bible does not even mention it either.

It is reported in hadith:

You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah’s Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)” those before you”? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?

Sahih Muslim 2669 a

What Prophet peace be upon him said has came true. We see that Muslims have took cultures from non muslims into their cultures. We should be proud of our religion, and we believe that it is the Truth, which Allah has guided us toward. Therefore there is no need to copy non muslims’ cultures.

ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَٰمَ دِينًاۚ

This day I have perfected for you your religion and compteled My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.

Surah Maida 3

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Hijab

Hijab

Modesty is one of the most praiseworthy characters of a Muslim.

It is reported in a hadith that Prophet peace be upon him said:

“Modesty (Al-Haya’) is a branch of Faith.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5006 (Sahih by Darussalam)

And in another hadith.

The Prophet (ﷺ) passed by a man who was admonishing his brother regarding Haya’ (pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions) and was saying, “You are very shy, and I am afraid that might harm you.” On that, Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Leave him, for Haya’ is (a part) of Faith.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6118

Hijab is an important aspect of modesty, that sisters should maintain. it is for protecting their chastity and seeking the pleasure of Allah by following His command. Allah says in Quran

وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَـٰتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَـٰرِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ ءَابَآئِهِنَّ أَوْ ءَابَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَآئِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَٰنِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِىٓ إِخْوَٰنِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِىٓ أَخَوَٰتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَآئِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـٰنُهُنَّ أَوِ ٱلتَّـٰبِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُو۟لِى ٱلْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ ٱلرِّجَالِ أَوِ ٱلطِّفْلِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا۟ عَلَىٰ عَوْرَٰتِ ٱلنِّسَآءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوٓا۟ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for the necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, headcover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”

Surah An-Nur 24:31

so according to Him, it is obligatory for women to wear hijab when going outside or when in presence of non-mahram.

Hazrat Aisha may Allah be pleased with her, said:

May Allah have mercy on the early immigrant women. When the verse “That they should draw their veils over their bosoms” was revealed, they tore their thick outer garments and made veils from them.

Sunan Abi Dawud 4102

But it is not just outer hijab, rather there is also inner hijab.

Women must protect their chastity and honors, by avoiding free mixing with non-mahram and making friends with them, they also should lower their gaze down, they also should avoid softening their voices in their presence too as well.

Unfortunately, there are still many women who wear hijab yet they free mix with nonmahram males and becoming their friends. this is not the way of hijab.

As for the men. They still have to cover their awrah, which is between navel and knees, and lowering their gaze down, avoiding any unnecessary contact with non-mahram or being friends or in Zina relationship with them.

Unfortunately, torn clothing which has become popular among clothing fashions is worn by the men, revealing their awrah without feeling ashamed. This is unIslamic.

Parents should teach their children, sons, and daughters to cover their awrah.

Hazrat Saladin, once said:

If you want to destroy any nation without war, make adultery and nudity common in the young generation. And Allah knows best.

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Nationalism in Islam

Nationalism in Islam

Nationalism means identification with one’s own nation and support for its interests, especially to the exclusion or detriment of the interests of other nations.

The concept of nationalism is contrary to Islam because this is calling of splitting ummah, it is similar to tribalism practiced during Day of Ignorance, undoubtedly, nationalism and tribalism both are sources of hatred, arrogance, and pride, and even it can affect marriage badly such as nationalists forbidding their children from marrying those not belonging to their homeland or of different race color.

Prophet peace be upon him warned us about fighting for sake of tribe.

It was narrated that Jundab bin ‘Abdullah said:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Whoever fights for a cause that is not clear, advocating tribalism, getting angry for the sake of tribalism, then he has died a death of Jahiliyyah.'”

Sahih (Darussalam) Sunan an-Nasa’i 4115

In-book : Book 37, Hadith 150

English translation : Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4120

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever fights under a banner of folly, supporting tribalism, or getting angry for the sake of tribalism, he dies in a state of ignorance.

“Sahih (Darussalam) Sunan Ibn Majah 3948

In-book: Book 36, Hadith 23

English translation: Vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 3948

Sunan Ibn Majah

Indeed it does not matter what our race color is, be it black, white, or brown, we are all children of Adam, who was created from dust. Our Lord is One and Only worthy of being worshipped alone without any partner.

Allah tells us Al-Hujurat 49:13

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَٰكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَآئِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتْقَىٰكُمْۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ

O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.

And we should be aware that Allah does not look at our appearance or wealth but He looks at our heart.

May Allah protect us from the ugly nationalism and tribalism

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Prayer – Come back to prayer

Come back to prayer..

Oh my brothers,

Why do you not give thanks to Allah and worship Him?

Why do you miss salat?

Do you not know that through salat you are having conversations with your Creator Who created you, took care of you when you were a helpless baby?

Don’t you know that He feeds you when you were hungry and gives you water when you were dehydrated?

Don’t you know that He is Independent Being, free of need? He does not need you. But it is you who are in need of Him.

Why do you prefer watching football matches over going to masjid? Why have you not taken a break from your work and come to masjid when the adhaan has been announced?

Why do you ignore Fajr? Don’t you know that the two Rakat sunnah prayer is greater than anything in this world?

Don’t you know that missing salat can put your Deen at risk?

Allah says in Quran Al-Muddaththir 41-3

عَنِ ٱلْمُجْرِمِينَ

About the the criminals

مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِى سَقَرَ

[And asking them], “What put you into Saqar?”

قَالُوا۟ لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ ٱلْمُصَلِّينَ

They will say, “We were not of those who prayed,

Indeed Prophet peace be upon him said.

Verily between man and between polytheism and unbelief is the negligence of prayer.

Sahih Muslim 82 a

When the adhan is recited, you hear the word “come to success” so if you want to be successful. Then you must pray salat.

My brothers, come back before there comes a time where you will pass away and put inside the earth, nothing will help you, except your deeds. Come back before it’s too late.

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Culture of Forefather

Forefathers’ culture

Sunnah is more important to you than your forefathers’ cultures, custom.

We live in an age where there is no land with sharia laws fully implemented currently, instead we have come across many strange cultures, that we are taught to follow instead of the beautiful sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him.

We often claim that we love Prophet peace be upon him, but we do not know what the love means. It is not the natural feeling that man gets toward his parents, children, and so. This means the obedience which we try to follow his footstep.

We come across many cultures that ends up being shirk, such as seeking help from dead, wearing amulet.

And then we come across some cultures that goes against Quran and Sunnah, such as some people shaving their beard and keeping moustache, or some keep beard but only trimmed because they see it more handsome than long beard.

Without following the Sunnah, how can we claim that we truly love Prophet peace be upon him? How can we even say that we love Allah when He commands us to follow Prophet peace be upon him yet we disobey Him??

Allah says in Quran.

Aal-e-Imran 3:31

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحْبِبْكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”

An-Nisa’ 4:80

مَّن يُطِعِ ٱلرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ ٱللَّهَۖ وَمَن تَوَلَّىٰ فَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَٰكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا

He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah ; but those who turn away – We have not sent you over them as guardian

Do not follow your forefathers culture blindly.

Al-Baqarah 2:170

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ ٱتَّبِعُواْ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ قَالُواْ بَلْ نَتَّبِعُ مَآ أَلْفَيْنَا عَلَيْهِ ءَابَآءَنَآۗ أَوَلَوْ كَانَ ءَابَآؤُهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ شَيْـًٔا وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ

And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.” Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?

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Pillar of Islam

Mistakes in Salat

Mistakes in Salat

You can check how to pray

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu.

Salat is the 2nd pillar of Islam, which we Muslims are ordered to pray 5 times a day. Allah has orders Salat in Quran and the ways of performing Salat are mentioned in Sunnah. Unfortunately, we do not spend much time seeking knowledge about Islam, even though Salat is a basic part of Islam, there are still many common mistakes that people commit when performing Salat. Muslim brothers and sisters must avoid them, and try to perfect their prayer according to their ability.

Common mistakes before Salat

1. Making intention verbally

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”

(Sahih Bukhari 1)

The intention is one of the conditions required for performing Salat. However, it is not correct to say it verbally, rather it must be done in the heart.

2. Not taking care of hygiene and cleanliness

It is best to keep your appearance clean and tidy. Some people do not bother to wear clean clothing and pray Salat in dirty, or untidy clothing.

He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: Verily, Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace.

(Sahih Muslim 91 a)

Some come with a bad smell. This is offensive to the worshippers and the Angels. The hadith says that whoever has such odor must not come to the masjid.

He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes he said: He who eats onion and garlic and leek, should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam.

Sahih Muslim 564 c

3. Not covering their mouth when yawning

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Yawning is from Satan and if anyone of you yawns, he should check his yawning as much as possible, for if anyone of you (during the act of yawning) should say: ‘Ha’, Satan will laugh at him.”

4. Praying sunnah/nafl prayer during Iqama

Praying sunnah/nafl prayer while iqama has started, makes your prayer invalid. Unfortunately, this mistake is common, especially in Fajr.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: When the iqamah is pronounced for prayer, no prayer is valid except the obligatory prayer.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 1266 and Nasai 865)

Any missed sunnah prayers before farz should be made up after the farz.

Narrated Qays ibn Amr:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saw a person praying after the congregational prayer at dawn was over. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: There are two rak’ahs of the dawn prayer (i.e. the prescribed rak’ahs). The man replied: I did not pray the two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer. Hence I offered them now. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) kept silent.

(Abi Dawud 1267)

5. Closed eyes while praying

Some people close their eyes while praying, but there is no report about this.

6. Racing with the Imam

Unfortunately, this is one of the most common mistakes. When the imam moves from one part to another (standing to ruku etc), people race with him. This is not the right way, because the imam has not reached the part completely.

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin `Azib:

(He was not a liar) We used to pray behind the Prophet (ﷺ) and when he said, “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah”, none of us would bend his back (to go for prostration) till the Prophet (ﷺ) had placed his, forehead on the ground.

(Sahih Bukhari 811)

Al-Bara’ (b. ‘Azib), and he was no liar (but a truthful Companion of the Holy Prophet), reported:

They used to say prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). I never saw anyone bending his back at the time when he (the Holy Prophet) raised his head, till the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) placed his forehead on the ground. They then fell in prostration after him.

(Sahih Muslim 474 a)

7. Praying without covering the shoulder

Usually in Umrah and Hajj, some people in their ihram do not cover their shoulder. It is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him who said:

“None of you should offer prayer in a single garment that does not cover the shoulders.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 359)

8. Praying with folded clothing

Folding clothes during prayer is forbidden, as Prophet peace be upon him said:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: I was commanded to prostrate myself on the seven (bones) and forbidden to fold back hair and clothing.

(Sahih Muslim 490 e)

9. Some people in the congregation especially the young, do not start praying after the imam has started until he reaches bowing then they start praying

This is not good, and a sign of laziness. The parents should not allow them to do this. Salat is a very important part of Islam for parents to teach to their children.

Starting Salat, and while in Qiyām (the standing position)

1. Raising the hands by touching earlobes

There is no report about touching the earlobes while raising the hands. Rather the hands should be raised from shoulder to ear level, both can be combined by keeping the palm on the level of the shoulders, while fingers can be on ears level., it is reported in Sahih Muslims:

Salim narrated it on the authority of his father who reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) raising his hands apposite the shoulders at the time of beginning the prayer and before bowing down and after coming back to the position after bowing. but he did not raise them between two prostrations.

(Sahih Muslim 390 a)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the Takbir (i. e. at the time of beginning the prayer) and then again raised his hands apposite the ears at the time of bowing and when he lifted his head after bowing he said: Allah listened to him who praised Him, and did like it (raised his hands up to the ears).

(Sahih Muslim 391 b)

Both ahadith can be combined. the palms should be on shoulders level, while the fingers should be on ears level.

2. Not raising the hands properly

Some people do not raise their hands properly, some raise it loosely, others raise it below the recommended level as mentioned above. Both are mistakes.

3. Placing the hands below the navel

The ahadith concerning placing the hands below the navel are weak, it is reported that it should be placed on the chest:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to place his right hand on his left hand, then he folded them strictly on his chest in prayer.

(Abu Dawood 759)

4. Putting hands on the waist

It is wrong to put the hands on the waist, as reported in hadith:

The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade praying with one’s hands on one’s waist.

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 890)

5. Putting hands by sides

This is not the correct method, because it is reported in ahadith that the hands must be placed over the left forearm.

Narrated Tawus:

The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, “I knew that the order was from the Prophet (ﷺ) .”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 740)

“I said: ‘I am going to watch how the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prays.’ So I watched him and he stood and said the Takbir, and raised his hands until they were in the level with his ears, then he placed his right hand over his left hand, wrist and lower forearm

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 889)

6. Making the feet position too extreme

Some people keep their feet too close to each other, while others keep their feet go too far away. The feet must be in moderate between these extremes.

7. Not letting the feet face the Qibla

Qibla is one of the essential conditions of prayer, which without fulfilling it, the salat will be invalid. The feet must face the Qibla. Some people do not let their feet face the Qibla, they keep them away instead.

8. Not straightening the gaps properly

Straightening gaps such that no gap is left empty, (feet to feet, shoulders to shoulders) is obligatory, unfortunately, many people do not pay attention to this obligation.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Set the rows in order, stand shoulder to shoulder, close the gaps, be pliant in the hands of your brethren, and do not leave openings for the devil. If anyone joins up a row, Allah will join him up, but if anyone breaks a row, Allah will cut him off.

(Abu Dawood 666)

Anas narrated:

“Make your rows solid and close together, and keep your necks in line. By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad! I can see the shaitan entering through the gaps in the rows as if they are small sheep.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 815)

Aishah narrated:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Allah and His angels send blessings upon those who complete the rows, and whoever fills a gap, Allah will raise him one degree in status thereby.’”

(Ibn Majah 995)

9. Lack of humility

Humility is the spiritual condition of Salat, it is meant to keep you in peace, and firm, remembering Allah. Looking around or towards the sky while praying is prohibited.

Looking up:

Jabir b. Samura reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The people who lift their eyes towards the sky in Prayer should avoid it or they would lose their eyesight

(Sahih Muslim 428)

Looking around:

“I asked the Messenger of Allah about looking around during the Salat. He said: ‘It is a portion which the Shaitan snatches during a man’s prayer.'”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 590)

10. Making movements for no reasons

Some people make unnecessary movements, such as fiddling with their watch, ghutrah (Arabian headscarf, wore by the Arab people), nose or beard. These are not good and affect the prayers. One should always stay devoted and humble before Allah. Allah says regarding the prayer:

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ ١

Certainly, will the believers have succeeded:

ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَٰشِعُونَ ٢

They who are during their prayer humbly submissive

Surah Mu’minun: 1 to 2

حَٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَتِ

“Guard strictly on the prayers.”

(Surah Baqarah: 238)

11. Not moving the lips and tongue while reciting the Quran

This is among the common mistakes that people are doing. It is wrong to say in the mind, instead, the lips and tongue must be moving while reciting the Quran.

It is reported in hadith:

A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (ﷺ) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3375)

This includes the Quran being recited in prayers, because it is Dikhr.

In Ruku (Bowing) and getting up to the standing position

1. Saying Allah Akbar before going to ruku, or after reaching:

The Takbir must be said while going in ruku, and not before or after. It is called Takbir of Movement.

Whenever Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stood for the prayer, he said Takbir on starting the prayer and then on bowing.

(Sahih Bukhari 789)

Abu Salama reported:

Abu Huraira led a prayer for them and recited Takbir when he bent and raised himself (in ruku’ and sujud) and after completing (the prayer) he said: By Allah, I say a prayer which has the best resemblance with the prayer of the Prophet (ﷺ) amongst you.

(Sahih Muslim 392a)

2. Not bending properly

Some people do not bend properly, their back is not completely straight at 90-degree angle. While others go extreme by going below the straight level. While in ruku, one must bend at a straight level only.

I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and we were discussing about the way of praying of the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Sa`idi said, “I remember the prayer of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) better than anyone of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir, and on bowing he placed his hands on both knees and bent his back straight

(Sahih al-Bukhari 828)

The hands also must grab the knees, it should be spread, and the arms should be away from the sides as well.

Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl. B Sa’d and Muhammad b. Maslamah (once) got together and discussed how the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) used to offer his prayer. Abu Humaid said: I am more informed than any of you regarding the prayer offered by the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Then he mentioned a part of it and said: He then bowed and placed his hands upon his knees as if he caught hold of them; and bent them, keeping (his arms) away from his sides

(Sunan Abi Dawud 734)

3. Benting the head down or pointing it up while in ruku

It must not be tilted down or pointed up, rather it should be between these two extremes, the head should be straight.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to begin prayer with Takbir (saying Allahu Akbar) and the recitation: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” When he bowed he neither kept his head up nor bent it down, but kept it between these extremes

(Sahih Muslim 498)

4. Hastening to stand up as soon as Subhana Rabbi Al-Azeem is recited

The bones while in the ruku should be relaxed, the Subhana Rabbi Al Azeem should be recited once or 3 times. One should not hasten it.

5. Not saying Sami Allah liman Hamid or Rabbana wa lakal hamd (when praying behind imam) properly

It must be recited while moving, and not before or after reaching the standing form, like the Allah Akbar before going to ruku.

6. Not reaching the standing position properly

Some people do not reach the standing position and while they are about to reach it, they hasten to prostrate instead. This is not the Islamic way. The standing up after ruku is the pillar of the prayer, and without completing it, the prayer is invalid.

4. In the standing position after Ruku

1. After reaching the standing position, some people raise their hands for the Qunoot supplication.

This is not the correct way, rather this is done in Witr prayer. If one wishes to supplicate while in prayer, then one should make duas while in Sajdah and before the Salam.

In the prostration and the sitting between two prostrations

1. Not setting the seven bones firmly

It is obligatory to put the seven bones firmly on ground without letting them lift intentionally. They are:

  1. Forehead
  2. Nose
  3. Hands
  4. Knees
  5. Feet

Some people do not let their nose touch the ground firmly, others keep their feet in the air, and, some lift some of their fingers or rubbing the ground with it. This goes against the hadith concerning the seven bones.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: I was commanded to prostrate myself on the seven (bones) and forbidden to fold back hair and clothing. (The seven bones are): forehead, nose, hands, knees, and feet.

(Sahih Muslim 490 e)

There are many ahadith concerning this matter.

2. Not spreading the hands while prostrating

As the hadith mentioned above, the hands must be spread. Some people make fist instead of spreading the hands on the ground.

3. The hands not facing the Qibla

Qibla (Facing the direction of Kaaba) is one of the essential condition of salat. Without fulfilling it, the salat is invalid. Allah says regarding the qibla.

قَدۡ نَرَىٰ تَقَلُّبَ وَجۡهِكَ فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِۖ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبۡلَةً تَرۡضَٰهَاۚ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِۚ وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُۗۥ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ لَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡۗ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَٰفِلٍ عَمَّا يَعۡمَلُونَ

We have certainly seen the turning of your face, [O Muhammad], toward the heaven, and We will surely turn you to a qiblah which you will be pleased. So turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram. And wherever you [believers] are, turn your faces toward it [in prayer]. Indeed, those who have been given the Scripture well know that it is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do.

(Surah Baqarah 144)

4. Resting the forearm on the ground

Prophet peace be upon him forbade this:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Be straight in the prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the ground (in the prostration) like a dog.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 822)

5. Extreme position while in prostration

Some people make their prostration too close, their arms being closer to the sides. While others make their prostration spread too much. It should be moderate between these. The arms must be apart from the side while the hands should be next to the shoulders or the ears.

Hazrat Maminua – Mother of the Believer (may Allah be pleased with her) said:

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prostrated himself, if a lamb wanted to pass between his arms, it could pass.

(Sahih Muslim 496)

She also said:

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prostrated himself, he spread his arms, i. e. he separated them so much that the whiteness of his armpits became visible from behind and when he sat (for Jalsa) he rested on his left thigh.

(Sahih Muslim 497 a)

6. Not sitting between prostration completely

This is another act of lacking humility and makes the salat incomplete. Like the previous parts of the salat, during ruku, some people do not reach the sitting position and instead hasten to prostrate again. Rather one should reach the sitting position completely and let his bones relax, saying Rabbighfir lee (My Lord forgive me)

In the sitting position for Tashahudd until the salam.

1. Incorrect sitting positions

Some people do not keep their right foot erect and sit on the left foot, and instead, sit cross-legged or with both feet erect or other positions. But if the right foot erect and sitting on the left foot is too painful or one suffers from a problem that is preventing them from performing the position, he can skip the position. It is reported that Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar sat cross legged, because his feet cannot bear his weight:

I saw Abdullah bin Umar crossing his legs while sitting in the prayer and I, a mere youngster in those days, did the same. Ibn `Umar forbade me to do so, and said, “The proper way is to keep the right foot propped up and bend the left in the prayer.” I said questioningly, “But you are doing so (crossing the legs).” He said, “My feet cannot bear my weight.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 827)

2. While reciting the Tashahudd, some people raise their finger to circle, or up to down

This is wrong. While reciting the Tashahudd and raising the finger, one should move it slowly.

3. In the congregation behind the imam, while in the Tashahud, some people make gestures with their hands

This is forbidden by Prophet peace be upon him

We said our prayer with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and, while pronouncing salutations, we made gestures with our hands (indicating)” Peace be upon you, peace be upon you.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) looked towards us and said: Why is it that you make gestures with your hands like the tails of headstrong horses? When any one of you pro- nounces salutation (in prayer) he should only turn his face towards his companion and should not make a gesture with his hand.

(Sahih Muslim 431 b)

4. Following the Imam in Salaam

When the Imam says his 1st salam, some people also follow him, even before he completes his 1st salam. This is wrong, one should wait until the Imam finishes both his Salams, they should then recite the salams.

5. Not showing the cheeks behind when saying the salam

Some people do not show their cheek while saying the salams. The Sunnah way of saying the Salams is to show the cheeks while reciting.

‘Amir b. Sa’d reported:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be open him) pronouncing taslim on his right and on his left till I saw the whiteness of his cheek.

( Sahih Muslim 582)

6. Incorrect way of saying salam

Some people say Salam on left, and then recite it when they reach the right side, others do the same, except that they pause at the middle side, then they reach the right side. While others touch their clothing while moving to the sides, and others don’t let keep their body firm on Qibla. These are wrong. The correct way of saying the salams is to reach the left and right sides saying salam without pausing.

7. After finishing the salam, some people put their hand on their heads

This is not the Sunnah, there is no report that Prophet peace be upon him did this.

Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah)


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