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Culture of Forefather

Forefathers’ culture

Sunnah is more important to you than your forefathers’ cultures, custom.

We live in an age where there is no land with sharia laws fully implemented currently, instead we have come across many strange cultures, that we are taught to follow instead of the beautiful sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him.

We often claim that we love Prophet peace be upon him, but we do not know what the love means. It is not the natural feeling that man gets toward his parents, children, and so. This means the obedience which we try to follow his footstep.

We come across many cultures that ends up being shirk, such as seeking help from dead, wearing amulet.

And then we come across some cultures that goes against Quran and Sunnah, such as some people shaving their beard and keeping moustache, or some keep beard but only trimmed because they see it more handsome than long beard.

Without following the Sunnah, how can we claim that we truly love Prophet peace be upon him? How can we even say that we love Allah when He commands us to follow Prophet peace be upon him yet we disobey Him??

Allah says in Quran.

Aal-e-Imran 3:31

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحْبِبْكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”

An-Nisa’ 4:80

مَّن يُطِعِ ٱلرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ ٱللَّهَۖ وَمَن تَوَلَّىٰ فَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَٰكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا

He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah ; but those who turn away – We have not sent you over them as guardian

Do not follow your forefathers culture blindly.

Al-Baqarah 2:170

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ ٱتَّبِعُواْ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ قَالُواْ بَلْ نَتَّبِعُ مَآ أَلْفَيْنَا عَلَيْهِ ءَابَآءَنَآۗ أَوَلَوْ كَانَ ءَابَآؤُهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ شَيْـًٔا وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ

And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.” Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?

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Pillar of Islam

Mistakes in Salat

Mistakes in Salat

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Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu.

Salat is the 2nd pillar of Islam, which we Muslims are ordered to pray 5 times a day. Allah has orders Salat in Quran and the ways of performing Salat are mentioned in Sunnah. Unfortunately, we do not spend much time seeking knowledge about Islam, even though Salat is a basic part of Islam, there are still many common mistakes that people commit when performing Salat. Muslim brothers and sisters must avoid them, and try to perfect their prayer according to their ability.

Common mistakes before Salat

1. Making intention verbally

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”

(Sahih Bukhari 1)

The intention is one of the conditions required for performing Salat. However, it is not correct to say it verbally, rather it must be done in the heart.

2. Not taking care of hygiene and cleanliness

It is best to keep your appearance clean and tidy. Some people do not bother to wear clean clothing and pray Salat in dirty, or untidy clothing.

He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: Verily, Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace.

(Sahih Muslim 91 a)

Some come with a bad smell. This is offensive to the worshippers and the Angels. The hadith says that whoever has such odor must not come to the masjid.

He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes he said: He who eats onion and garlic and leek, should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam.

Sahih Muslim 564 c

3. Not covering their mouth when yawning

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Yawning is from Satan and if anyone of you yawns, he should check his yawning as much as possible, for if anyone of you (during the act of yawning) should say: ‘Ha’, Satan will laugh at him.”

4. Praying sunnah/nafl prayer during Iqama

Praying sunnah/nafl prayer while iqama has started, makes your prayer invalid. Unfortunately, this mistake is common, especially in Fajr.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: When the iqamah is pronounced for prayer, no prayer is valid except the obligatory prayer.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 1266 and Nasai 865)

Any missed sunnah prayers before farz should be made up after the farz.

Narrated Qays ibn Amr:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saw a person praying after the congregational prayer at dawn was over. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: There are two rak’ahs of the dawn prayer (i.e. the prescribed rak’ahs). The man replied: I did not pray the two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer. Hence I offered them now. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) kept silent.

(Abi Dawud 1267)

5. Closed eyes while praying

Some people close their eyes while praying, but there is no report about this.

6. Racing with the Imam

Unfortunately, this is one of the most common mistakes. When the imam moves from one part to another (standing to ruku etc), people race with him. This is not the right way, because the imam has not reached the part completely.

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin `Azib:

(He was not a liar) We used to pray behind the Prophet (ﷺ) and when he said, “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah”, none of us would bend his back (to go for prostration) till the Prophet (ﷺ) had placed his, forehead on the ground.

(Sahih Bukhari 811)

Al-Bara’ (b. ‘Azib), and he was no liar (but a truthful Companion of the Holy Prophet), reported:

They used to say prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). I never saw anyone bending his back at the time when he (the Holy Prophet) raised his head, till the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) placed his forehead on the ground. They then fell in prostration after him.

(Sahih Muslim 474 a)

7. Praying without covering the shoulder

Usually in Umrah and Hajj, some people in their ihram do not cover their shoulder. It is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him who said:

“None of you should offer prayer in a single garment that does not cover the shoulders.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 359)

8. Praying with folded clothing

Folding clothes during prayer is forbidden, as Prophet peace be upon him said:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: I was commanded to prostrate myself on the seven (bones) and forbidden to fold back hair and clothing.

(Sahih Muslim 490 e)

9. Some people in the congregation especially the young, do not start praying after the imam has started until he reaches bowing then they start praying

This is not good, and a sign of laziness. The parents should not allow them to do this. Salat is a very important part of Islam for parents to teach to their children.

Starting Salat, and while in Qiyām (the standing position)

1. Raising the hands by touching earlobes

There is no report about touching the earlobes while raising the hands. Rather the hands should be raised from shoulder to ear level, both can be combined by keeping the palm on the level of the shoulders, while fingers can be on ears level., it is reported in Sahih Muslims:

Salim narrated it on the authority of his father who reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) raising his hands apposite the shoulders at the time of beginning the prayer and before bowing down and after coming back to the position after bowing. but he did not raise them between two prostrations.

(Sahih Muslim 390 a)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the Takbir (i. e. at the time of beginning the prayer) and then again raised his hands apposite the ears at the time of bowing and when he lifted his head after bowing he said: Allah listened to him who praised Him, and did like it (raised his hands up to the ears).

(Sahih Muslim 391 b)

Both ahadith can be combined. the palms should be on shoulders level, while the fingers should be on ears level.

2. Not raising the hands properly

Some people do not raise their hands properly, some raise it loosely, others raise it below the recommended level as mentioned above. Both are mistakes.

3. Placing the hands below the navel

The ahadith concerning placing the hands below the navel are weak, it is reported that it should be placed on the chest:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to place his right hand on his left hand, then he folded them strictly on his chest in prayer.

(Abu Dawood 759)

4. Putting hands on the waist

It is wrong to put the hands on the waist, as reported in hadith:

The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade praying with one’s hands on one’s waist.

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 890)

5. Putting hands by sides

This is not the correct method, because it is reported in ahadith that the hands must be placed over the left forearm.

Narrated Tawus:

The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, “I knew that the order was from the Prophet (ﷺ) .”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 740)

“I said: ‘I am going to watch how the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prays.’ So I watched him and he stood and said the Takbir, and raised his hands until they were in the level with his ears, then he placed his right hand over his left hand, wrist and lower forearm

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 889)

6. Making the feet position too extreme

Some people keep their feet too close to each other, while others keep their feet go too far away. The feet must be in moderate between these extremes.

7. Not letting the feet face the Qibla

Qibla is one of the essential conditions of prayer, which without fulfilling it, the salat will be invalid. The feet must face the Qibla. Some people do not let their feet face the Qibla, they keep them away instead.

8. Not straightening the gaps properly

Straightening gaps such that no gap is left empty, (feet to feet, shoulders to shoulders) is obligatory, unfortunately, many people do not pay attention to this obligation.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Set the rows in order, stand shoulder to shoulder, close the gaps, be pliant in the hands of your brethren, and do not leave openings for the devil. If anyone joins up a row, Allah will join him up, but if anyone breaks a row, Allah will cut him off.

(Abu Dawood 666)

Anas narrated:

“Make your rows solid and close together, and keep your necks in line. By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad! I can see the shaitan entering through the gaps in the rows as if they are small sheep.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 815)

Aishah narrated:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Allah and His angels send blessings upon those who complete the rows, and whoever fills a gap, Allah will raise him one degree in status thereby.’”

(Ibn Majah 995)

9. Lack of humility

Humility is the spiritual condition of Salat, it is meant to keep you in peace, and firm, remembering Allah. Looking around or towards the sky while praying is prohibited.

Looking up:

Jabir b. Samura reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The people who lift their eyes towards the sky in Prayer should avoid it or they would lose their eyesight

(Sahih Muslim 428)

Looking around:

“I asked the Messenger of Allah about looking around during the Salat. He said: ‘It is a portion which the Shaitan snatches during a man’s prayer.'”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 590)

10. Making movements for no reasons

Some people make unnecessary movements, such as fiddling with their watch, ghutrah (Arabian headscarf, wore by the Arab people), nose or beard. These are not good and affect the prayers. One should always stay devoted and humble before Allah. Allah says regarding the prayer:

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ ١

Certainly, will the believers have succeeded:

ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَٰشِعُونَ ٢

They who are during their prayer humbly submissive

Surah Mu’minun: 1 to 2

حَٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَتِ

“Guard strictly on the prayers.”

(Surah Baqarah: 238)

11. Not moving the lips and tongue while reciting the Quran

This is among the common mistakes that people are doing. It is wrong to say in the mind, instead, the lips and tongue must be moving while reciting the Quran.

It is reported in hadith:

A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (ﷺ) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3375)

This includes the Quran being recited in prayers, because it is Dikhr.

In Ruku (Bowing) and getting up to the standing position

1. Saying Allah Akbar before going to ruku, or after reaching:

The Takbir must be said while going in ruku, and not before or after. It is called Takbir of Movement.

Whenever Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stood for the prayer, he said Takbir on starting the prayer and then on bowing.

(Sahih Bukhari 789)

Abu Salama reported:

Abu Huraira led a prayer for them and recited Takbir when he bent and raised himself (in ruku’ and sujud) and after completing (the prayer) he said: By Allah, I say a prayer which has the best resemblance with the prayer of the Prophet (ﷺ) amongst you.

(Sahih Muslim 392a)

2. Not bending properly

Some people do not bend properly, their back is not completely straight at 90-degree angle. While others go extreme by going below the straight level. While in ruku, one must bend at a straight level only.

I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and we were discussing about the way of praying of the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Sa`idi said, “I remember the prayer of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) better than anyone of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir, and on bowing he placed his hands on both knees and bent his back straight

(Sahih al-Bukhari 828)

The hands also must grab the knees, it should be spread, and the arms should be away from the sides as well.

Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl. B Sa’d and Muhammad b. Maslamah (once) got together and discussed how the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) used to offer his prayer. Abu Humaid said: I am more informed than any of you regarding the prayer offered by the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Then he mentioned a part of it and said: He then bowed and placed his hands upon his knees as if he caught hold of them; and bent them, keeping (his arms) away from his sides

(Sunan Abi Dawud 734)

3. Benting the head down or pointing it up while in ruku

It must not be tilted down or pointed up, rather it should be between these two extremes, the head should be straight.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to begin prayer with Takbir (saying Allahu Akbar) and the recitation: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” When he bowed he neither kept his head up nor bent it down, but kept it between these extremes

(Sahih Muslim 498)

4. Hastening to stand up as soon as Subhana Rabbi Al-Azeem is recited

The bones while in the ruku should be relaxed, the Subhana Rabbi Al Azeem should be recited once or 3 times. One should not hasten it.

5. Not saying Sami Allah liman Hamid or Rabbana wa lakal hamd (when praying behind imam) properly

It must be recited while moving, and not before or after reaching the standing form, like the Allah Akbar before going to ruku.

6. Not reaching the standing position properly

Some people do not reach the standing position and while they are about to reach it, they hasten to prostrate instead. This is not the Islamic way. The standing up after ruku is the pillar of the prayer, and without completing it, the prayer is invalid.

4. In the standing position after Ruku

1. After reaching the standing position, some people raise their hands for the Qunoot supplication.

This is not the correct way, rather this is done in Witr prayer. If one wishes to supplicate while in prayer, then one should make duas while in Sajdah and before the Salam.

In the prostration and the sitting between two prostrations

1. Not setting the seven bones firmly

It is obligatory to put the seven bones firmly on ground without letting them lift intentionally. They are:

  1. Forehead
  2. Nose
  3. Hands
  4. Knees
  5. Feet

Some people do not let their nose touch the ground firmly, others keep their feet in the air, and, some lift some of their fingers or rubbing the ground with it. This goes against the hadith concerning the seven bones.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: I was commanded to prostrate myself on the seven (bones) and forbidden to fold back hair and clothing. (The seven bones are): forehead, nose, hands, knees, and feet.

(Sahih Muslim 490 e)

There are many ahadith concerning this matter.

2. Not spreading the hands while prostrating

As the hadith mentioned above, the hands must be spread. Some people make fist instead of spreading the hands on the ground.

3. The hands not facing the Qibla

Qibla (Facing the direction of Kaaba) is one of the essential condition of salat. Without fulfilling it, the salat is invalid. Allah says regarding the qibla.

قَدۡ نَرَىٰ تَقَلُّبَ وَجۡهِكَ فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِۖ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبۡلَةً تَرۡضَٰهَاۚ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِۚ وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُۗۥ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ لَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡۗ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَٰفِلٍ عَمَّا يَعۡمَلُونَ

We have certainly seen the turning of your face, [O Muhammad], toward the heaven, and We will surely turn you to a qiblah which you will be pleased. So turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram. And wherever you [believers] are, turn your faces toward it [in prayer]. Indeed, those who have been given the Scripture well know that it is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do.

(Surah Baqarah 144)

4. Resting the forearm on the ground

Prophet peace be upon him forbade this:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Be straight in the prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the ground (in the prostration) like a dog.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 822)

5. Extreme position while in prostration

Some people make their prostration too close, their arms being closer to the sides. While others make their prostration spread too much. It should be moderate between these. The arms must be apart from the side while the hands should be next to the shoulders or the ears.

Hazrat Maminua – Mother of the Believer (may Allah be pleased with her) said:

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prostrated himself, if a lamb wanted to pass between his arms, it could pass.

(Sahih Muslim 496)

She also said:

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prostrated himself, he spread his arms, i. e. he separated them so much that the whiteness of his armpits became visible from behind and when he sat (for Jalsa) he rested on his left thigh.

(Sahih Muslim 497 a)

6. Not sitting between prostration completely

This is another act of lacking humility and makes the salat incomplete. Like the previous parts of the salat, during ruku, some people do not reach the sitting position and instead hasten to prostrate again. Rather one should reach the sitting position completely and let his bones relax, saying Rabbighfir lee (My Lord forgive me)

In the sitting position for Tashahudd until the salam.

1. Incorrect sitting positions

Some people do not keep their right foot erect and sit on the left foot, and instead, sit cross-legged or with both feet erect or other positions. But if the right foot erect and sitting on the left foot is too painful or one suffers from a problem that is preventing them from performing the position, he can skip the position. It is reported that Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar sat cross legged, because his feet cannot bear his weight:

I saw Abdullah bin Umar crossing his legs while sitting in the prayer and I, a mere youngster in those days, did the same. Ibn `Umar forbade me to do so, and said, “The proper way is to keep the right foot propped up and bend the left in the prayer.” I said questioningly, “But you are doing so (crossing the legs).” He said, “My feet cannot bear my weight.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 827)

2. While reciting the Tashahudd, some people raise their finger to circle, or up to down

This is wrong. While reciting the Tashahudd and raising the finger, one should move it slowly.

3. In the congregation behind the imam, while in the Tashahud, some people make gestures with their hands

This is forbidden by Prophet peace be upon him

We said our prayer with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and, while pronouncing salutations, we made gestures with our hands (indicating)” Peace be upon you, peace be upon you.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) looked towards us and said: Why is it that you make gestures with your hands like the tails of headstrong horses? When any one of you pro- nounces salutation (in prayer) he should only turn his face towards his companion and should not make a gesture with his hand.

(Sahih Muslim 431 b)

4. Following the Imam in Salaam

When the Imam says his 1st salam, some people also follow him, even before he completes his 1st salam. This is wrong, one should wait until the Imam finishes both his Salams, they should then recite the salams.

5. Not showing the cheeks behind when saying the salam

Some people do not show their cheek while saying the salams. The Sunnah way of saying the Salams is to show the cheeks while reciting.

‘Amir b. Sa’d reported:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be open him) pronouncing taslim on his right and on his left till I saw the whiteness of his cheek.

( Sahih Muslim 582)

6. Incorrect way of saying salam

Some people say Salam on left, and then recite it when they reach the right side, others do the same, except that they pause at the middle side, then they reach the right side. While others touch their clothing while moving to the sides, and others don’t let keep their body firm on Qibla. These are wrong. The correct way of saying the salams is to reach the left and right sides saying salam without pausing.

7. After finishing the salam, some people put their hand on their heads

This is not the Sunnah, there is no report that Prophet peace be upon him did this.

Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah)


Share the knowledge for the pleasure of Allah.

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Animals rights in Islam

Treatment of Animals in Islam

Share the knowledge for the pleasure of Allah

Allah has created all things, mankind, jinns, angels, the heavens, and earth. He has created animals to serve mankind, such as plowing crops, riding, carrying things that are too difficult for them, this is the mercy of Allah. But we are not thankful to Him at all. Even in Muslim countries, animals are treated badly, we do not realize that they actually have their rights in Islam, and they are also witnesses against us on the Day of judgment, even an ant.

According to this website

  • Every 60 seconds, one animal suffers abuse.
  • Every year, more than 10 million animals die from abuse in the US alone.
  • About 97% of all animals that are tortured and killed every year are farm animals.

There are two types of animal abuse: passive and active cruelty.

(Animal Abuse)

Passive cruelty mostly includes cases of animal neglect like improper shelter, dehydration, starvation, and so on. On the other hand, active cruelty involves intentionally harming the animal. This includes the beating, whipping, and branding of animals, which can often result in their death.

The UK’s RSPCA gets a call about animal abuse every 27 seconds.

(The Guardian)

The number of animal cruelty cases investigated by the RSPCA rose by 5% in only one year, and now the organization gets more than 400 calls a day. Its cruelty hotline operates 24/7, and according to the animal abuse statistics from 2016, it investigated more than 150,000 reported cases in that year alone.

Circus animals spend 96% of their lives in cages.

(Sentient Media)

Most of these animals spend almost their whole lives in cages, transported from one city to another. These animals are forced into submission, whipped, chained, and denied socialization with their own species. Animal abuse in circuses is a major problem as these animals are constantly exploited and left in terrible conditions.


Islam’s view on the animals:

When it comes to Islam’s view on the treatment of animals, it is merciful toward them. Islam tells us that we should be kind to them, and not harm them except only if they are dangerous, then they are taken down.

Allah tells us that animals are Muslims like us.

Animals are Muslims:

وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا طَٰٓئِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيۡهِ إِلَّآ أُمَمٌ أَمۡثَالُكُمۚ مَّا فَرَّطۡنَا فِى ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ مِن شَىۡءٍۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمۡ يُحۡشَرُونَ

And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Lord, they will be gathered. (Surah Al-An’am 6:38)

Imam Quturbi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

They are groups like you in that Allah the Exalted has created them, provides for them, and makes justice between them. Thus, you should not wrong them or transgress the limits that you have been commanded.

(Source: al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān 6:38)

Imam Ibn Kathir (may Allah have mercy on him) wrote regarding this ayat:

Mujahid commented, “Meaning various species that have distinct names.” Qatadah said, “Birds are an Ummah, humans are an Ummah and the Jinns are an Ummah.” As-Suddi said that “but are Umam like you” means, creations (or species)

And on another part of the Tafsir, he wrote:

“but are Umam like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord, they (all) shall be gathered.”

(Ibn Kathir): “All creatures will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection, the beasts, birds, and all others. Allah’s justice will be so perfect, that the un-horned sheep will receive retribution from the horned sheep. Allah will then command them, “Be dust!” This is when the disbelievers will say,

يَٰلَيۡتَنِى كُنتُ تُرَٰبَۢا

“Woe me! Would that I were dust!”

They prostrate to Allah:

They also prostrate before their Lord. It is matter of the Unseen, so we should believe in them.

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَسۡجُدُ لَهُۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَن فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلشَّمۡسُ وَٱلۡقَمَرُ وَٱلنُّجُومُ وَٱلۡجِبَالُ وَٱلشَّجَرُ وَٱلۡدَّوَآبُّ

Do you not see that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the moving creatures. (Surah Hajj 22:18)

وَلِلَّهِ يَسۡجُدُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِن دَاۤبَّةٍ

And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth of creatures. (Surah 16:49)

Keeping pets:

Islam allows keeping pets, as long as one fulfills their rights, that they hold, such as being given food and water, a comfortable place, not punishing them unnecessarily nor cause pain to them such as whipping them. They should not be tortured as well.

It is reported that Hazrat Abu Hurairah (means father of a kitten) had a kitten pet:

“I said to Abu Hurairah: ‘Why were you given the Kunyah Abu Hurairah?’ He said: ‘Do you not fear me?'” He said: “Indeed, I am in awe of you.’ He said: ‘I used to tend the sheep of my people, and I had a small kitten; so I used to place it in a tree at night, and during the day I would take it and play with it. So they named me Abu Hurairah.'”

(Tirmidhi 3840)

Birds can be also kept as pets.

“I heard Anas Bin Malik say: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to mix with us so much that he said to a little brother of mine: “O Abu Umair what happened to the Nughair?”

(Ibn Majah 3720)

Dogs and wild animals cannot be kept as pets. Wild animals are more dangerous, and can even kill other people as well not just its owner.

Imam Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo‘ (9/286-287): The second category of animals is those in which there is no benefit, so it is not permissible to sell them, such as dung beetles, scorpions, and snakes. … Our companions said: that also includes wild animals that are not suitable for hunting with or fighting and cannot be eaten, such as lions, wolves, tigers, bears, and so on. Sales of such animals are not valid, because there is no benefit in them.

Dogs can be only kept as hunting or guarding dogs. Reported from ahadith:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying; “Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature (a human being or an animal)

(Sahih Bukhari 3225)

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever keeps a dog, one Qirat of the reward of his good deeds is deducted daily unless the dog is used for guarding a farm or cattle.” Abu Huraira (in another narration) said from the Prophet, “unless it is used for guarding sheep or farms, or for hunting.” Narrated Abu Hazim from Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “A dog for guarding cattle or for hunting.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 2322

And Qirat means mountain it is reported:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever attends a funeral until the prayer is offered will have one Qirat and whoever attends until (the body) is buried will have two Qirats.”‘ It was said: “What are the two Qirats, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “Like two great mountains.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 1995)

Some of Quran’s saying about animals

Animals are regarded as blessings from Allah:

وَٱلۡأَنۡعَٰمَ خَلَقَهَاۗ لَكُمۡ فِيهَا دِفۡءٌ وَمَنَٰفِعُ وَمِنۡهَا تَأۡكُلُونَ

And the grazing livestock He has created for you; in them is warmth and [numerous] benefits, and from them, you eat.

وَلَكُمۡ فِيهَا جَمَالٌ حِينَ تُرِيحُونَ وَحِينَ تَسۡرَحُونَ

And for you in them is [the enjoyment of] beauty when you bring them in [for the evening] and when you send them out [to pasture].

وَتَحۡمِلُ أَثۡقَالَكُمۡ إِلَىٰ بَلَدٍ لَّمۡ تَكُونُواْ بَٰلِغِيهِ إِلَّا بِشِقِّ ٱلۡأَنفُسِۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكُمۡ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ

And they carry your loads to a land you could not have reached except with difficulty to yourselves. Indeed, your Lord is Kind and Merciful.

وَٱلۡخَيۡلَ وَٱلۡبِغَالَ وَٱلۡحَمِيرَ لِتَرۡكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةًۚ وَيَخۡلُقُ مَا لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ

And [He created] the horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride and [as] adornment. And He creates that which you do not know.

Surah An-Nahl 5 to 8

Story of She-Camel of Allah:

One of the miracles that Allah sent to a nation who were called Thamud was His She-Camel, it was tall, huge, and beautiful. He sent Prophet Salih (peace be upon him) to his people. Thamud were powerful and tall people, and because of that, they were arrogant and boastful. They used to worship idols instead of Allah. When they asked Prophet Salih (peace be upon him) for a proof of his prophethood. He requested Allah to grant him a miracle. The she-camel was brought from the rock which was split. It was 10-month pregnant. Only a few believed in Salih peace be upon him. Despite the clear proof, the rich and arrogant still disbelieved in him. They wanted to kill the she-camel due to their arrogance and jealousy.

Salih feared that the people might kill the she-camel. He warned them:

وَيَٰقَوۡمِ هَٰذِهِۦ نَاقَةُ ٱللَّهِ لَكُمۡ ءَايَةً فَذَرُوهَا تَأۡكُلۡ فِىٓ أَرۡضِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوٓءٍ فَيَأۡخُذَكُمۡ عَذَابٌ قَرِيبٌ

“And O my people, this is the she-camel of Allah – [she is] to you a sign. So let her feed upon Allah’s earth and do not touch her with harm, or you will be taken by an impending punishment.” (Surah Hud 64)

According to Imam Ibn Kathir in his book “Stories of the Prophets”

The disbelievers began to complain that the She-Camel drank most of the waters and scared their cattle.

They planned the killing, by asking one of their womenfolk to tempt young men. One of the women who was from a noble and rich family named Saduq bint of Mahya, offered herself to a young man named Masrai Ibn Mahraj on condition that he hamstrung the camel. And an old woman also offered her young daughter to Qudar Ibn Saluf, on killing of the camel. These young men felt lustful about these women, so they agreed and set finding seven others to assist them.

The She-Camel came to drink from one of the wells. Masrai shot one of its legs with an arrow, the She-Camel tried to escape, but her leg was too weak. Qudar then struck its other leg, making her down. Then he pierced it.

When Prophet Salih peace be upon him saw the death of the she-camel. he said to his people:

تَمَتَّعُواْ فِى دَارِكُمۡ ثَلَٰثَةَ أَيَّامٍۖ ذَٰلِكَ وَعۡدٌ غَيۡرُ مَكۡذُوبٍ

“Enjoy yourselves in your homes for three days. That is a promise not to be denied.” (Surah Hud 65)

Allah says regarding His She-Camel, which He sent to Thamud.

وَءَاتَيۡنَا ثَمُودَ ٱلنَّاقَةَ مُبۡصِرَةً فَظَلَمُواْ بِهَاۚ

“And We gave Thamud the she-camel as a visible sign but they wronged her.” (Surah Al-Isra 59)

Therefore we should always fulfill their rights.

Animals rights:

According to one of the classical scholar of Islam, Ibn Abdi Salaam, he wrote:

The rights of creatures and animals over humanity are the following: that he provides for them as they require, even if they have aged or sickened such that no benefit comes from them;

That he not burden them beyond what they can bear;

That he not put them together with another creature that could injure it, whether of their own kind or other species, whether by breaking their bones or butting or wounding them;

That he slaughters them with gentleness and he does not flay their skins or break their bones until their bodies have become cold and passed away;

That he does not slaughter their young within their sight but rather he does so in solitude;

That he makes their resting and watering places comfortable;

That he puts the males and females together during their mating seasons;

That he does not discard what he has hunted;

And that he does not shoot them with anything that breaks their bones or harms them by any means that would render their meat forbidden to eat.

Qawāʻid al-Aḥkām fī Iṣlāḥ al-Anām 1/167

How Prophet peace be upon him viewed animals:

وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةً لِّلۡعَٰلَمِينَ

And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds (Quran 21:107)

Our beloved Prophet peace be upon him had the most beautiful character which no one can able to match. He treated people with patience, kindness, gentleness, and support, the elders, children, poor, etc. Not only them, but he also treated animals, and he was vegetarian most of the time, having barely eaten meats. Foods were not his main focus, rather he only ate as to fulfill his needs, and to keep him going through his struggling journey.

He was actually a shepherd. He also said that all previous prophets were shepherds (Sahih al-Bukhari 2262, 5453). There are many benefits of being a shepherd, which why Prophet peace be upon him improved a lot from the difficult task.

Showing mercy to animals:

It is reported that Prophet peace be upon him said:

‘Someone who does not show mercy will not be shown mercy.’ (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 95)

Abu Umama that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who shows mercy, even to an animal meant for slaughtering, will be shown mercy by Allah on the Day of Rising.”

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 381)

And another hadith says

Mu’awiya ibn Qurra reported that his father said, “A man said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I was going to slaughter a sheep and then I felt sorry for it (or ‘sorry for the sheep I was going to slaughter’).’ He said twice, ‘Since you showed mercy to the sheep, Allah will show mercy to you.'”

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 373)

Paradise won’t be granted by good deeds alone but mercy by Allah alone.

There is none whose deeds alone would entitle him to get into Paradise. It was said to him: And, Allah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that my Lord wraps me in Mercy.

(Sahih Muslim 2816 c)

So always try your best to be merciful toward animals as long as they are not harmful to you. Give the birds water when the weather has become hot, if there is a starving animal, give it the foods, as you would to poor people, with seeking nothing but Allah’s pleasure, and feeling hopeful of being granted into Paradise by the Most Merciful.

Sharpen your knife before slaughtering, as part of Ihsan.

We are also commanded to spare the suffering that animals face when sacrificed, by sharpening knives

“Indeed Allah has decreed Ihsan in everything. So when you kill, then do the killing well, and when you slaughter, then do the slaughtering well. Let one of you sharpen his blade, and let him comfort his animal (before slaughtering).”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1409)

The Thristy Dog:

Prophet peace be upon him mentioned regarding a thirsty dog

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said, ‘This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up, and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him.”

The people asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?” He replied, “Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2363)

In another hadith:

There was a dog moving around a well whom thirst would have killed. Suddenly a prostitute from the prostitutes of Bani Isra’il happened to see it and she drew water in her shoe and made it drink, and she was pardoned because of this.

(Sahih Muslim 2245 b)

How Merciful and Thankful is Allah! He just forgave the prostitute, despite that it is one of the worst and immoral sins. One should never despair Allah’s mercy, even if he has sinned so much. But one still should be merciful toward Allah’s creatures, people, and animals.

Not related to the topic but important note:

“Take on only as much as you can do of good deeds, for the best of deeds is that which is done consistently, even if it is little.”

(Ibn Majah 4240)

Killing animals unjustly:

To kill animals for no reason, even if it is an ant, is a major sin, and such animals will complain to Allah on Day of Judgment. He will ask the person responsible for it.

Prophet peace be upon him said:

“There is no person who kills a small bird or anything larger, for no just reason, but Allah will ask him about it.”

It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is a just cause?” The Prophet said, “A just cause is that you slaughter it for food, but you should not cut off its head and throw it aside.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 4445)

“I heard Sharid say: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah say: Whoever kills a small bird for no reason, it will beseech Allah on the Day of Resurrection saying: O Lord, so and so killed me for no reason. And he did not kill me for any beneficial purpose.”‘

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 4446)

Prophet peace be upon him said that a woman went to Hellfire for killing a cat.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “A woman entered the (Hell) Fire because of a cat which she had tied, neither giving it food nor setting it free to eat from the vermin of the earth. “

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3318)

Another narration

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), ‘You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2365)

Planting tree for the animals:

Prophet peace be upon him said regarding planting tree:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it but is regarded as a charitable gift for him.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2320)

Being patient with animals and comforting them:

Even if our animals are behaving toward us badly, we should still be patient with them, and be gentle with them. When Hazrat Aisha once beat a camel for its behavior, Prophet peace be upon him said to her:

You must be gentle. Verily, gentleness is not in anything except that it beautifies it, and it is not removed from anything except that it disgraces it.

(Musnad Aḥmad 24417)

And Prophet peace be upon him comforted a camel which wept and flowed tears, when it saw him, due to its owner’s treatment toward it.

He (The Prophet peace be upon him) entered the garden of a man from the Ansar(Helpers). All of a sudden when a Camel saw the Prophet (ﷺ) it wept tenderly producing yearning sound and it eyes flowed. The Prophet (ﷺ) came to it and wiped the temple of its head. So it kept silent. He then said “Who is the master of this Camel? Whose Camel is this? A young man from the Ansar came and said “This is mine, Apostle of Allaah(ﷺ).” He said “Don’t you fear Allaah about this beast which Allaah has given in your possession. It has complained to me that you keep it hungry and load it heavily which fatigues it.”

(Sunan Abi Dawud 2549)

And he also defended a sparrow, as its children were taken away. He ordered the people who did this to give them back, the Companions said:

we saw a Hummarah with two young ones. We took the young ones. The Hummarah came and began to spread out its wings. Then the prophet (May peace be upon him) came and said: who has pained this young by the loss of her young? Give her young ones back to her.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 5268)

He also defended ants and told a story about a Prophet (peace be upon him)

We also saw an ant-hill which we had burned. He asked: Who has burned this? We replied: we have. He said: it is not fitting that anyone but the lord of the fire should punish with fire.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 5268)

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Once while a prophet amongst the prophets was taking a rest underneath a tree, an ant bit him. He, therefore, ordered that his luggage be taken away from underneath that tree and then ordered that the dwelling place of the ants should be set on fire. Allah sent him a revelation:– “Wouldn’t it have been sufficient to burn a single ant?

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3319)

He also forbade branding animal’s face

Jabir reported the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying when an ass which had been branded on its face passed him. Did it not reach you that I cursed him who branded the animals on their faces or struck them on their faces. So he prohibited it.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 2564)

To take animals as a sport for fun, such as shooting them as targets is also forbidden

it was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far said: “The Messenger of Allah passed by some people who were shooting arrows at a ram. He denounced that and said: ‘Do not disfigure animals (by using them as targets).” (Sahih)

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 4440)

Hazrat Umar, 2nd caliph of Islamic state actually discouraged eating meats:

Even though Allah has made meats lawful, we should not eat them too much. It is reported that Hazrat Umar said:

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “Beware of meat. It has addictiveness like the addictiveness of wine.”

(Imam Malik’s Al-Muewetta 1710)

But we should never regard meats as haram, this is very against Allah’s religion, rather we try to not make meats as our daily diet, just that we are allowed to eat meat someday.

Forbidden animals to kill, and other allowed to be killed:

Prophet peace be upon him has forbidden killing these animals:

Frogs (Sunan Abi Dawud 5269)

  1. Hoopoes
  2. sparrow-hawks
  3. bees
  4. ants

(Sunan Abi Dawud 5267)

He allowed these animals to be killed due to the dangers of them, even in Masjid-e-Haram.

  1. Scorpions,
  2. Rats,
  3. Rabid dogs
  4. Crows
  5. Kites

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3315)

Animals mentioned in Quran:

Six surahs of Quran are named after animals

  1. Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow)
  2. Surah Al-Anaam (The Cattle)
  3. Surah Al-Nahl (The Bees)
  4. Surah Al-Naml (The Ants)
  5. Surah Al-Ankabut (The Spider)
  6. Surah Al-Fil (The Elephant)

Animals in verses:

  1. Dog (Surah Al Kahf 18:18, 22, and Al-Araf 7:176)

2. Cow (Surah Al-Baqarah 67 to 71, Surah Yusuf 43, 46)

3. Camel (Al A’raf 7:73, one of the miracles that Allah sent to a nation was His She-Camel, which was killed by Thamud due to their arrogance)

4. Cattle (Surah Al-Baraqah 171)

5. Horse, mule, and donkey (Surah An-Nahl 8)

6. Elephant (Surah Al-Fil 1)

7. Sheep (Surah Baqarah 171)

8. Ant (Surah An-Naml 18)

9. Spider (Surah Al-Ankabut 41)

10. Hoopoe (Surah An-Naml 20 and 22)

11. Bird (Surah Imran 49)

12. Goat (Surah Al An’am 143)

13. Bee (Surah Nahl 68)

14. Frog (Surah Al-Araf 133)

15. Ewe (female sheep), (Surah Sad 38:23)

16. Crow (Surah Al-Ma’idah 31)

17. Wolf (Surah Yusuf 12:13)

18. Snake (Surah Taha 20)

19. Lion (Surah Al-Muddaththir 51)

20. Lice (Surah Al-A’raf 133)

21. Moth (Surah Al-Qari’ah 4)

22. Mosquito (Surah Baqarah 26)

23. Ape (Surah Al Baqarah 65)

24. Fish (Surah Al-Kahf 61)

25. Pig (Surah Al-Ma’idah 60)

26. Quail (Surah Al-Baqarah 57)

27. Locust (Surah Al-A’raf 133)

28. Fly (Surah Al-Hajj 73)

Forbidden meats to eat:

Any meats obtained from slaughtered animals that Bismillah was not mentioned intentionally before slaughtering it. Allah has described it as grave disobedience:

وَلَا تَأۡكُلُواْ مِمَّا لَمۡ يُذۡكَرِ ٱسۡمُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡهِ وَإِنَّهُۥ لَفِسۡقٌۗ

“And do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience” Surah 6:121

Even though, the meat is still halal if the slaughterman forgot to say bismillah by mistake, according to scholars among Salaf, such as Hazrat Ibn Abbas, Imam Malik, Imam Abu Hanifah (may Allah be pleased with them)

To eat pork (Quran 16:115)

Meats dedicated to other than Allah, (false deities) are not allowed (Quran 16:115)

Eating meats from carrion (dead meats) is not allowed (Quran 16:115)

Donkey meat is not allowed (Sahih Bukhari 4219)

Meat from animals with fangs (cats, dogs, lion etc) are not allowed (Sahih Bukhari 5530)

It is not allowed to eat meats from animals slaughtered by kafirs beside Christians and Jews.

Allah says regarding meats from Christians and Jews

ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ ٱلطَّيِّبَٰتُۖ وَطَعَامُ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمۡ

“This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given Scripture is lawful for you” Surah 5:5

But they need to say bismillah first, and then cut its throat and oesophagus, and let blood to flow, so the meat becomes halal. if the slaughterman strangles or kills the animal with electric shock or through drowning, then it is not allowed to eat such meat.

Meats of animal died from strangling, or violent blow, or head-long fall or by goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten except one slaughter before its death, and those which are sacrificed on a stone altar, are not allowed (Surah Maida 5:3), it is also not allowed to eat blood.

It is not allowed to eat birds that have talon (eagles, owls, and hawks, etc) (Sunan Abi Dawud 3805)

Slaughtering animals:

These are conditions of slaughtering animals:

1. The slaughterman must be Muslim, or Jew/Christian

2. The slaughtering must be submitted to Allah alone. Allah says in Surah Kawthar

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَٱنۡحَرۡ

So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone]

3. If the slaughterman is Muslim, then his aqeedah must be correct (that means he believes in the Oneness of Allah, calls to Him alone, not praying to a saint, seeking help from dead righteous people, etc), and that he prays 5 times. Abandoning salat is considered as kufr as reported in Sunan Abi Dawud 4678

4. He should say Bismillah, it is sunnah to say tabkir (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1521)

5. The knife must be sharpened so that the animal gets a comfortable death.

6. The throat and esophagus must be cut, but not the spinal cord so that the blood gets out until the animal has died completely.

Good manner of slaughtering:

The animal should not be slaughtered in front of other animals, as this is psychological torture.

The knife should be hidden from the animal until slaughtered.

The animal should be in a comfortable place.

It is good to start slaughter with the right hand, but not obligatory.

it is desirable to make the animal face Qibla (Ibn Majah 3121)

Alhamdulillah

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Sunnah Part 2

Sunnah Part 2 of our Beloved Prophet

Continued – Sunnah about Family and Social Life

All ahadith below are from the website

Putting morsel of food in your wife’s mouth (Sahih Bukhari 56)

Marrying widows and divorced, (Prophet peace be upon him’ wives were divorced or widowed except Aisha who was virgin and young.)

Looking after widows (Tirmidhi 1969)

Maintaining ties with people with whom your father loved (Tirmidhi 1903, and Riyad as-Salihin 342)

Praising your wife for her positive qualities and giving newly slaughtered meat to her friends (Sahih Bukhari 3818)

Being patient with your wife when she is in an angry mood (Sunan an-Nasa’i 3956)

Showing mercy to children and respect to elderly people (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 354)

Cheering up a child when he/she is grieved (Sahih Muslim 2150)

If the elder person is present, do not speak before he speaks as part of good manner and respect toward him (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 360)

Giving fruit to the youngest of the children (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 362)

Avoid returning to your family at night time from your journey (Sahih al-Bukhari 1801), return in either morning or evening (Sahih al-Bukhari 1800)

To protect your family from harmful things (Nasai 4094)

Be just to your wives (Sahih al-Bukhari 2879)

When a child sneezes, you say “BaarakAllah feek” (Al-haafidh as-Silafi), and teach him to praise Allah (Alhamduilliah) (Sharh Mandhoomah Al-aadab ash-Shari’yyah 280)

Learning more about your lineages as to solidify your family ties (Tirmidhi 1979)

Combing your husband even when in menstruation (Sahih Bukhari 295)

6. Sunnah of leaving the house

Reciting dua when leaving (Abu Dawood 5095)

In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah,

Looking up at the sky and saying this dua

“O, Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me. Sunan Abi Dawud 5094)

It is a good manner to close the door gently, as Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness in all things (Ibn Majah 3689)

When one leaves the house, then it is sunnah to pray to Allah for him when he is absent, the angels will say “Ameen and may it be for you too” (Sahih Muslim 2732a), this can be done anywhere at anytime

7 Sunnah of entering house and permission if one is going to someone’s house

When you enter the house, shut the door and say bismillah (Abu Dawood 5096, although it is daif, Muslim 2012 supports this)

Say salam to those present in house, not just your own, but anyone whom you visit. (Quran 24:61), the best greeting is Assalam o Alaikum rahamtullahi wa barakuthu. (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 986)

Do not greet the People of the Book (Christians and Jews), and if they greet you, say “Wa’alaikum” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6257)‏

Shake hands with Muslims of your gender. (Musnad al-Bazzār 8335)

You can only shake hands with your wife, and mahram relatives (mother, sisters, nieces, mother in law, etc), otherwise, shaking hands with non-mahram people is forbidden. It is mentioned in Tabarani that to have an iron needle stabbed in your head is better than touching a non-mahram woman (al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 486)

Do not desire for people to stand up for you, as it is a sign of pride (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 977)

In other houses beside your own, ask the people inside it for permission (Surah An-Noor 24:27)

When you are asked about your identity, before being granted permission, do not say “it is me” as it is not correct, answer him your name. (Sunan Ibn Majah 3709)

Do not look inside someone’s house through windows or door without permission (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1070)

When you are asking one to grant you permission to enter, you must say the greeting, as it is the key (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1067), It is As-salaamu ‘Alaykum, may I enter? (Sunan Abi Dawud 5177)

  • If the house is empty, say

Peace be upon the righteous slaves of Allah

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1055)

If the permission is asked 3 times and yet not responded, leave them alone, without feeling upset (Sahih al-Bukhari 6245). If they do not allow you to enter, leave them alone (Surah An-Noor 24:28)

While outside the door waiting for permission, it is sunnah to not face the door, but rather stand on side of the door, right or left (Sunan Abi Dawud 5174)

Do not be aggressive in asking for permission, as it is a rude manner. If the house is small, or you are about to enter one’s room, knock with your fingernails (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1080), otherwise, knock the door with enough sound to be heard by people, if there is a ring bell on the door, use it.

Asking your parents’ permission at these 3 times (Quran 24:58)

before the dawn prayer

when the parents put aside their clothing [for rest] at noon

after the night prayer

Asking your children, mother, even if she is old, your brother, sister, and father for their permission, before entering their rooms (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1062)

8. Sunnah of appearance (physical appearance) and body hygiene

It is one of the best Sunnah to use miswak, as it purifies the mouth and is pleasing to Allah. (Tirmidhi 22, and Musnad Ahmed 62)

Sunnah time of using miswak:

  1. After waking up (Nasai 1622)
  2. While making wudu for prayer, (Tirmidhi 22), there are differences of opinion about whenever to use siwak, you can use it before starting wudu, after washing hands, and before rinsing mouth, and while rinsing the mouth, or after wudu is finished.
  3. After entering your house (Nasai 8)
  4. At the time of death, (Sahih Bukhari 890)
  5. When preparing yourself for Friday Prayer (Sahih Muslim 846 b)
  6. When going to recite Quran (Musnad al-Bazzār 568)
  7. To clean mouth from any bad smell, (Musnad al-Bazzār 1303)

It is also sunnah to share miswak, by cutting it into half especially when you are going to a sick patient who has given up the hope of living. (Sahih Bukhari 890)

Using perfume (Sahih al-Bukhari 2582), especially when going to the masjid, as mentioned by Allah in the Quran 7:31)

Not refusing the gift of perfume (Sahih Bukhari 2582)

The best perfume is Musk (Nasai 1905)

Applying Ithmid kohl into your eyes (Ibn Majah 3497)

Wearing white clothing (an-Nasa’i 1897)

Oiling your hairs (Sahih Muslim 2344 a)

Rubbing your body with olive oil (Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyah 156)

Clipping your nails (Sahih Muslim 257b) it is not allowed to leave nails for more than 40 days (Ibn Majah 295)

Beautifying yourself such as combing yourself, but do not be proud, and make your intention of pleasing Allah, not seeking fame. (Sahih Muslim 91a)

It is sunnah to comb on the right side (Sahih al-Bukhari 5926)

If you have grown older and grey hairs appear, keep them and do not pluck them (Sunan Abi Dawud 4202)

It is sunnah to dye your hairs to be different from Jews and Christians (Sahih al-Bukhari 3462). However, do not dye with black (Nasai 5075). The best dyes are Henna and Katam (Nasai 5077)

Avoiding disheveled appearance or wearing dirty clothing, it is not part of Zuhd (Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4062)

Cupping yourself (Sahih al-Bukhari 2280), it is also best to pay the wage to the person if he has done it to you.

Keeping yourself clean (Sahih Muslim 223)

The Ten Fitrah (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 261)

  1. trimming the mustache
  2. letting the beard grow
  3. using the tooth stick
  4. sniffing water into the nose
  5. clipping the nails
  6. washing the knuckles
  7. removing hair from the underarms
  8. shaving the pubic hair
  9. cleaning the private parts with water
  10. It might be rinsing the mouth, as the narrator of the hadith forgot.

Keep your beard and trim your mustache. Don’t shave or trim your beard as this is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him, and there is no need to shave the mustache (Sahih al-Bukhari 5893)

Don’t leave your nails, mustache, pubic hair and armpit for more than 40 days (Tirmidhi 2759)

Protect your private parts from anyone besides your spouses (Quran 23:5), the private part is between navel and knees.

9. Jummah prayer

Memorizing 10 verses from the beginning of Surah kahf (Sahih Muslim 809a)

Reciting Surah Kahf (al-Haakim, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836)

Taking Ghusl (Sahih Bukhari 878)

Using miswak (Bukhari 880)

Applying oil on your hairs and perfume (Sahih Bukhari 883)

To pray Fajr in the congregation (Al Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-eeman, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami 1119)

To recite Alif, Lam, Mim, Tanzil (Suratas- Sajda #32) and Hal-ata-ala-I-Insani (Surah ad-Dahr 76) (Sahih Bukhari 891)

Wearing best clothing (Wearing white clothing is also best, as it is sunnah too), and not creating distraction to people (Abi Dawood 347), nor indulge in idle talk

Coming early to Jumma (Nasai 1389)

Be silent, and don’t play with anything whether it be phones, carpet, strings (Abu Dawood 1050), even telling your brothers to be quiet is considered as evil by Prophet peace be upon him (Sahih Bukhari 934)

Huge reward of Jummah if these conditions are followed (Abu Dawood 345 and Tirmidhi 496)

  1. Making your wife to perform ghusl on herself, and performing ghusl by yourself
  2. Going to the Masjid early
  3. Walking instead of riding
  4. Sit next to Imam
  5. To listen to the khubtah attentively
  6. Not engaging in useless activities such as talking to someone, fidgeting with hair clothes or phones)

Following these conditions, one will get rewards of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every steps taken. in sha Allah.

Coming before the Imam starts (Nasai 1389)

After Friday prayer, pray either 4 Sunnah Rakat in the masjid or 2 at home (Abi Dawood 1127 and Sahih Muslim 882)

For those who are acting as Imam, it is best to keep the khutbah short and also lengthen the prayer (Sahih Muslim 869)

Reciting Surah 87 and 88 (Surah A-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah) in Friday prayer. (Sunan Abi Dawood 1125)

One must avoid missing Jummah without valid reasons. otherwise, Allah will put seal on his heart. (Nasai 1370)

There is a time where supplication will be accepted, it is reported in Sahih Bukhari 935 that Prophet Peace be upon him said:

“There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” and he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands

And it is reported in Sahih Muslim 853

Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ashari reported:

Abdullah b. Umar said to me: “Did you hear anything from your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) about the time on Friday? I said: “Yes, I heard him say from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)(these words): It is between the time when the imam sits down and the end of the prayer.”

After Jumma. take some nap and some meal (Sahih al-Bukhari 6279)

Alhamdulillah.

May Allah make this beneficial for you and your families.

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Sunnah

Sunnah

Following the Sunnah everyday life.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu brothers and sisters,

As we are Muslims, Allah has told us that if we love Him, then we should follow His Messenger, this is mentioned in the Quran,

Instead of Sunnah, biddah is widespread everywhere, therefore, I wanted to write on the subject. I pray and hope that Allah will make it beneficial for you. Please share the knowledge.

Teach your children the Sunnah, so they can be on the right path.

All ahadith are taken from the website

1. Sleeping

Sleeping in the state of ablution and lying on the right side saying the dua (below down) (Sahih Muslim 2710a and Sahih Bukhari 247)

It is also sunnah to make wudu if one is in the state of Junub.

Dua: “Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu `Amri ilaika, wa alja’tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja’a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta”

Dusting off the bed (Sahih Bukhari 7393)

To recite Ayat Kursi (Sahih Bukhari 2311)

Surah Mulk (Abu Dawood 1400)

Two last verses of Surah Baqarah (Tirmidhi 2881, Sahih Bukhari 4008)

Surah Kafiroon (Abu Dawood 5055)

Cupping your hands and blowing on it after reciting 3 last surahs (Surah Ikhlas, Falaq, and Anas) 3 times on each surah, and then rubbing your body parts whatever you are able to.

Reciting 33 times Subhan Allah, 33 times Alhamduiliah, and 34 times Allah Akbar, (Sahih Bukhari 5362). It is also sunnah to count on your fingers, as it will be questioned on Day of Judgment (Abu Dawood 1501)

Reciting “By Your Name, O Allah, I die and I live” when going to sleep. (Adad Mufrad 1205)

Sleeping on your right hand underneath your cheek, and say this dua 3 times (Ibn Majah 3877)

Going to sleep as soon as Isha is performed, and avoiding to talk to anyone (Sahih Bukhari 568)

If one gets a nightmare, this dua should be recited. (Abu Dawud 3884)

I seek refuge in Allah’s perfect words from His anger, the evil of His servants, the evil suggestions of the devils, and their presence.

2. Waking up from sleeping

Using miswak (Sahih Bukhari 245)

Blowing nose and washing hands 3 times, (Sahih bukhari 3295, and Sahih Muslim 278a)

Waking up for Tahajjud (Surah 17:79)

Rubbing face (Sahih Bukhari 183)

Reciting these duas, after waking up. (Adad Mufrad 1205)

Praise be to Allah who gave us life after He made us die, and to Him is the gathering

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, with no partner or associate. His is the dominion and all praise is to Him, and He is Able to do all things. Glory is to Allah, praise is to Allah, none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, Allah is the Most Great, and there is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the Most Supreme

Sunan Ibn Majah 3878

3. Eating and Drinking.

Saying Bismillah before eating or drink, (Riyad Salihin 758)

If one forgets to mention Bismillah before eating, then recite Bismillah fi awwalihi wa aakhirihi (In name of Allah, at the beginning and at the end of it.” (Abu Dawood 3767)

Washing your hands before eating or drinking (Nasai 258)

Do not use the left hand when eating or drinking, use your right hand. except in necessity like your right hand is injured, then you can use left, (Tirmidhi 1800)

Eat with your fingers, it is sunnah to eat with 3 fingers. (Tirmidhi 1803)

Picking any piece of foods that were dropped on the ground and removing anything harmful from it then eat. (Tirmidhi 1802)

Eat what is the front of you (Ibn Majah 3267)

Licking your fingers (Tirmidhi 1801)

Finishing dish (cleaning) after eating (Tirmidhi 1803)

Asking your companions for permission before taking two dates. (Sahih Bukhari 2490)

Sitting to eat and drink (Sahih Muslim 2024 b)

Do not criticize foods, if you dislike it, leave it without saying anything (Ibn Majah 3259)

Eat together (Ibn Majah 3287)

While raising food to the mouth, recite this dua

Praise is to Allah, abundant good and blessed praise, never-ending praise, a praise that we will never bid farewell to, and indispensable praise, He is our Lord

After eating foods, reciting these duas, best to recite them after each time to follow maximum Sunnah

Ibn Majah 3284

Praise is to Allah Who has fed me this and provided it for me without any strength or power on my part

Ibn Majah 3285

Praise be to Allah Who has satisfied our needs and quenched our thirst. Your favor cannot be compensated or denied

Sahih al-Bukhari 5459

Sahih Bukhari 5458

Drinking milk (Sahih Bukhari 5612), Prophet peace be upon him, actually took milk when he was shown milk and wine by Jibrael peace be upon him, as reported in Isra and Miraj hadith.

Rinsing mouth to wash off fats after drinking milk (Sahih Bukhari 211)

Making wudu when one is in the state of Junub, before eating or drinking. (Sahih Bukhari 305)

To eat edible sweet things and honey (Sahih Bukhari 5431)

Eating Seven Ajwa dates (Sahih Bukhari 5779)

To eat third, drinking third, and breathing third (Tirmidhi 2380)

Bringing your servant to eat with you when he brings it (Sahih Bukhari 5460)

Praising Allah while putting a morsel of food in your mouth and after every gulp of water. (Alhamdulillah) (Sahih Muslim 2734a)

Adding water to foods to increase quantity, so that one can share it with other, as part of good manner (Sahih Muslim 2625c)

Some foods that Prophet ate

  • Gourd (Sahih Bukhari 5433)
  • Butter (Abu Dawod 3837)
  • Talbina (Sahih Bukhari 5417)
  • Snake cucumber (Sahih Bukhari 5447)
  • Sawiq (Sahih Bukhari 5454)
  • Chicken (Sahih Bukhari 5517)
  • Black seeds (Tirmidhi 2041)
  • Bread (Tirmidhi 2360)
  • Vinegar (Sahih Muslim 2052a)

4. Going to the toilet

Before entering the toilet, say bismillah and then this dua (Bismilliah reference is Tirmidhi 606, graded sahih by Al-Albani, and dua reference is Sahih Muslim 375b)

I seek refuge with Allah from the wicked and noxious things.

Avoid using your right hand to wash your private part, use your left instead, (Tirmidhi 15)

Avoid soiling your clothing with urine (Tirmidhi 70)

Do not give salam nor return salam back (Muslim 370)

Using water for cleaning (Nasai 45)

Going far away from where no one can see for toilet (Ibn Majah 333)

Don’t relieve in watering places, thoroughfares, and shade of trees (Abu Dawood 25)

After leaving the toilet say

I seek Your forgiveness (Ibn Majah 300)

5. Sunnah of one’s family and house

Taking care of the family (Tirmidhi 2489)

Being best and kind to your wife, helping her (Ibn Majah 1977)

It is praiseworthy to clean house, as cleanliness is half of faith Muslim (223)

It is sunnah to show affection and kiss your children (Ad-Adab Mufrad 91)

Greeting children (Sahih Bukhari 6247)

To spend on your family, seeking Allah’s pleasure (Sahih Bukhari 4006)

Be just to your children, do not neglect others out of love to one only (Sahih Bukhari 2587)

Maintaining ties of kinship (Surah Nisa 4:1)

Playing with your children (Sahih Bukhari 5884)

To offer aqidah for your newborn children (Ibn Majah 3163)

Joking with family and children (There are conditions for joking, it should not be lies, blasphemy, backbiting or slandering, and scaring,) (Tirmidhi 1990)

Do not let your children and animals that you own, go after Maghrib until the first and darkest part of the night is over (Muslim 2013a)

Being dutiful to your parents (Quran 17:23) and pay more attention to your mother (Sahih Muslim 2548 b)

Waking up spouses for Tahajjud (Abu Dawood 1451)

Waking up the family for the last 10 days of Ramadan (Tirmidhi 795)

Be the protector of your womenfolk, (mother, sisters, daughters, wives, nieces.) (Surah Nisa 4:34)

More sunans will come more, in sha Allah

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Pillar of Islam

Salat

How is Salat performed?

May Allah grant blessing and peace to Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who came after them. Peace be upon those who seek the Truth.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu.

This article is about Salat, the 2nd pillar of Islam. It is compulsory for all Muslims who have reached the age of puberty, and are not insane. It is necessary to know the correct method of Salat. Salat is communication with Creator, which is the greatest moment, it has spiritual benefits. To miss salat intentionally is a major sin, and one should be careful of this.

Share the knowledge.

We should know that the purpose of this life is to worship Allah alone, not eating and drinking, staying in the house, staring at a TV screen, displaying football matches, getting married and having children, etc.

We must be prepared for the Day of Judgment.

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.”

(Surah Adh-Dhariyat 56)

Salat in the Quran:

Allah tells us that He ordered salat.

And establish prayer and give zakah and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].

And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah said, “I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.”

Al-Ma’idah 5:12

The Quran gives warning regarding missing prayers.

About the criminals,”

[And asking them], “What put you into Saqar?”

They will say, “We were not of those who prayed,

From hadith.

That Abu Sufyan said:

“I heard Jabir say: “I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: “Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his giving up the Salat.’”

(Sahih Muslim 82)

However, we should not make takfir. (calling a Muslim kafir) as that is very dangerous, instead we should encourage them to perform Salat, without forcing them.

From the above texts, there is no excuse to miss salat, whether during work or feeling lazy.

The best deed is praying salat on its fixed time.

“Narrated Ibn Masud: A man asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) “What deeds are the best?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “To perform the Salat (prayers) at their early stated fixed times, to be good and dutiful to one’s own parents, and to participate in Jihad in Allah’s Causes.”

(Sahih Bukhari 7534)

There are five daily prayers and they have their fixed times which are mentioned below. Previously it was 50, till Allah changed it to 5, as reported in the hadith of Isra and Miraj. This is a mercy from Allah, the Most Merciful. He has made the religion easy for us to practice…

Allah tells us that prayers are at fixed specific times.

Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.”
(Surah Nisa 103)

Below are:

1. Fajr (starts at beginning of pre-dawn, until sunrises)

2. Dhuhr (after the zenith has finished until one’s shadow is equal in length to his height)

3. Asr also known as Middle Prayer (when one’s shadow is equal in length to his height, until the sun turns yellow)

4. Maghrib (when the sunset starts, until twilight / red afterglow has faded)

5. Isha (When the time of Maghrib has finished, until midnight)

These times are mentioned in Sahih Muslim 612

Condition of Salat:

1. Being sane Muslim, having reached the age of puberty.

2. Intention (in the heart not verbal), should be done with pleasing Allah, not showing off.

3. The specific time of prayer must start.

4. Being in a state of wudu, (in state of junub (sexual impurity), one should take ghusl).

5. Facing Qibla (Direction facing Kaaba).

6. Praying in a clean place.

7. Covering awrah (private parts, from navel to knees, women are ordered to cover their whole body except face and hands, there are differences of opinions about covering feet).

8. Body free from any impurity such as menstrual blood, urine.

9. Must be submitted to Allah, the One and Only worthy of worship, and not else, to do so is shirk.

The pillar of Salat:

1. Standing if one able to do so,

2. Saying opening takbeer (Allah Akbar)

3. Reciting Surah Fateha

4. Bowing

5. Rising up from bowing

6. Standing straight

7. Prostration (foreheads, nose, palms, knees, and toes must be placed firmly.)

8. Rising up from prostration

9. Sitting between two prostrations

10. Being ease in each of the pillars

11. The final tashahhud

12. Sitting to recite final tashahudd and two salaams

13. Two salams (Assalam alaikum wa rahamutullahi)

14. Performing these orders above, without missing intentionally, otherwise, it is invalid.

Are the men and women prayers the same?

It is an issue of disputes, but the most authentic is that they are the same. Because Prophet peace be upon him said “Pray as you have seen me”,

Yet he did not say anything about women’s prayer.

(Sahih Bukhari 631)

Following the Imam:

You must follow the imam, without differing with him, but when he moves from the part to other, etc going to ruku from standing, do not race him, wait until he has reached the part completely. This is a common mistake, unfortunately.

Steps of Salat:

1. Make the intention that you are going to perform prayer for Allah’s pleasure and not showing off. Make your intention in your heart, not through the tongue.

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”

(Bukhari 1)

2. You should stand, if you are able to do so, keep your feet moderate, not too close, not too far away

وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَٰنِتِينَ

And stand before Allah, devoutly obedient

(Surah Baqarah Verse 238)

Narrated `Imran bin Husain:

had piles, so I asked the Prophet (ﷺ) about the prayer. He said, “Pray while standing and if you can’t, pray while sitting and if you cannot do even that, then pray Lying on your side.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1117)

Salat Standing straight
Salat

A picture showing feet in moderate position, not too far nor too close.
3. You should begin by saying Takbir (Allah Akbar), raising your hands with your palm up to shoulder level and fingers to ears level.
Salat

Raising the hands with palm to shoulder level, and fingers to ear level
There are 3 ways of raising hands:

1. Before saying Takbir.

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stood up for prayer, he raised hands (to the height) apposite the shoulders and then recited takbir.

(Sahih Muslim 390 c)

2. During it.

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing.

(Sahih al-Bukhari 735)

3. After it.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the takbir (i. e. at the time of beginning the prayer)

(Sahih Muslim 391 b)

4. Place your right hand over your left hand on the chest area.

The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, “I knew that the order was from the Prophet (ﷺ) .”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 740)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to place his right hand on his left hand, then he folded them strictly on his chest in prayer.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 759)

There are two ways of placing the hands.

1. Placing right hand over the left.

He (the Holy Prophet) then wrapped his hands in his cloth and placed his right hand over his left hand.

(Sahih Muslim 401)

Salat 

Placing right hand over the left.

Or

2. Grabbing wrist.

“I said: ‘I am going to watch how the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prays.’ So I watched him and he stood and said the takbir, and raised his hands until they were in the level with his ears, then he placed his right hand over his left hand, wrist and lower forearm.

(Sunan Nasai 889)

How to perform salat.

It is best to follow stick to both of them, as to follow the maximum sunnah. But if you want to stick to one sunnah, that’s also OK.

5. Keep your gaze fixed on the place of prostration. Always have khushoo

Khushoo is spiritual concentration, this means that the Muslim who prays, ignores all thoughts except Allah, and his heart focuses on Him only, out of humbleness. Without khushoo, then we are only praying like robots.

Allah says

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ

Certainly will the believers have succeeded

ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَٰشِعُونَ

They who are during their prayer humbly submissive

(Surah Al-Mu’minun 1-2)

6. It is sunnah to recite opening dua and seeking refuge with Allah from Shaitan the outcast.

Glorious You are O Allah, and with Your praise, and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your majesty, and none has the right to be worshiped but You.”


(Tirmidhi 243)

Or

O Allah, distance me from my sins just as You have distanced the east from the west. O Allah cleanse me of my sins as a white garment is cleansed of filth. O Allah, wash my sins from me with snow, water, and hail.”
(Bukhari 1/181, Muslim 598 a-b and Ibn Majah)

And then seeking refuge with Allah from Shaitan the outcast.

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan the accursed.”

فَإِذَا قَرَأۡتَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ فَٱسۡتَعِذۡ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ

So when you recite the Qur’an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].

(Surah An-Nahl 98)

7. You must recite Surah Fateha, even behind the imam (this must be done in each rakats)

(Tirmidhi 311)

Note: It is makruh to recite Quran too quickly. One should recite it slowly and reflect on its meaning. It is recommended to pause at each verse for short time.

Note: You must keep moving your tongue and lips while reciting the Quran

You should read tafsir, as to increase your knowledge and understanding of the Quran. Learning Arabic is one of the most important aspects for those who are not native speakers, as it is the language of the Quran.

8. It is recommended to recite a Surah after Fateha, Surah Ikhlas is sufficient, and it is reported in a hadith that it is equal to a third of the Qur’an.

Abu Darda’ reported Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) as saying:Is any one of you incapable of reciting a third of the Qur’an in a night? They (the Companions) asked: How could one recite a third of the Qur’an (in a night)? Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: “‘Say: He is Allah, One’ (Qur’an. cxii) is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.”

(Sahih Muslim 811a)

9. Raise your hand, before bowing down, keep your back and head straight.

My father said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and then say “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka l-hamd.” And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.

(Sahih Bukhari 735)

10.You must recite Subhan Rabbiyal al-Azeem, once is a minimum, three times is recommended.

In his bowing, he would say: “Subhana Rabbil-Azim” (Glory be to my Lord Almighty)

(Sunan Nasai 1008)

In Arabic form:

“Glory be to my Lord Almighty.

11. While rising up from bowing and before going to standing straight positon, say Sami Allah liman hamidah. If you are praying alone. You also raise hands as well, both alone and in congregational.

If the imam is leading. Say Rabbana wa-laka-hamd or Allahumma Rabbana wa-laka-hamd, after the imam has said “Sami Allah liman hamidah” and reached the standing straight position from bowing.

My father said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and then say “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka l-hamd.” And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.

(Sahih Bukhari 735, – Sahih Bukhari 733)

(the word, Allahumma added is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari 796)

In Arabic form:

Allah hears the one who praises Him

Our Lord, praise be to You.

Or

Oh Allah, our Lord, praise be to You.

12. Then put your hands on your chest, the same manner, but you may drop your hands to the sides, there are differences of opinions about placing hands. If you are praying alone, say either Rabbana wa-laka-hamd or Allahumma, Rabbana wa-laka-hamd after standing straight

“When the Prophet (ﷺ) raised his head from bowing, he said: ‘Allahumma Rabbana wa lakal-hamd (O Allah, our Lord and to You be the praise).'”

(Sunan Nasai 1060)

13. You do not raise your hands. Prostrate before Allah, the Supreme Lord, with all required parts put firmly (forehead, nose, palms, knees and toes) Keep your arms away from your body and keep it wide so the armpit can be seen. Do not rest your forearms on ground. Your hands should be next to your shoulders or ears.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said. When you prostrate yourself, place the palms of your hands on the ground and raise your elbows.

(Sahih Muslim 494)

When the Prophet (ﷺ) prostrated, lie spread out his arms so that the whiteness of his armpits was visible.

(Sahih Muslim 495a)

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Be straight in the prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the ground (in the prostration) like a dog.”

(Sahih Bukhari 822)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: I was commanded to prostrate myself on the seven (bones) and forbidden to fold back hair and clothing. (The seven bones are): forehead, nose, hands, knees and feet.

(Sahih Muslim 490e)

performing salat: Prostrate before the Almighty Allah. Place your forehead, nose, palms, knees and toes on ground firmly. Do not lift any of them.
performing salat: keep your feet touching each other, with both of parts, top and toes.
14. Recite Subhan Rabbi al ala, 1 is minimum while 3 is recommended.

In his prostration, he (Prophet peace be upon him) would say: ‘Subhan Rabbil-A’la (Glory be to my Lord the Highest).'”

(Sunan Nasai 1008)

In Arabic form:

Glory be to my Lord is, the Highest.

15. You can make any duas while in Sajdah, as much as you wish. You can recite it in your own language.

As for bowing, glorify the Lord therein, and as for prostration, strive hard in supplication for it is more deserving of a response.'”

(Sunan Nasai 1045)

16. Rise up for sitting between two prostrations, saying Takbir. Sit on your left foot, while your right foot should be erect.

On sitting In the second rak`a he (Prophet peace be upon him) sat on his left foot and propped up the right one

(Sahih Bukhari 828)

17. While sitting between two prostrations, recite Rabbigfir li. Once is minimum, you can recite it as many as you like.

And between the two prostrations, he would say: “Rabbighfirli, Rabbighfirli (Lord forgive me, Lord forgive me).”

(Sunan Nasai 1145)

In Arabic form:

18. Prostrate again, saying Takbir. Say the same dihkr as mentioned above, you can also make duas.
19. It it is sunnah to sit while after rising from second prostration before standing up, then say Allah Akbar for standing up.

(Sahih Bukhari 824)

You also raise your hands after you have completed 1st tashahudd

Nafi’ said on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar that when he began prayer, he uttered the takbir( Allah is most great) and raised his hands; and when he bowed( he raised his hands); and when he said:

“Allah listens to him who praises Him,” (he raised his hands); and when he stood up at the end of two rak’ahs, he raised his hands. He (Ibn ‘Umar) traced that back to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ).

(Abu Dawood 741)

20. Now you have finished one Rakat. You do the same for each rakats until the end, in 2nd Rakat, you will not stand up like the previous Rakat but instead, sit for tashahudd. This is the same as in prayers with more than 2 rakats, which has two tashahudd. (Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha).
21. As soon as you sit for tashahudd, raise your index finger. There are two ways. You also sit on your left foot and with your right feet erect.
performing salat: there are two ways of raising finger, making circle with middle finger and thumb then raise your index finger, or making fist and raising your index finger

1. Make a circle with middle finger and thumb, then raise your index finger.

He (Prophet peace be upon him) put the edge of his right elbow on his right thigh, then he held two of his fingers together and made a circle, and raised his forefinger, and I saw him moving it and supplicating with it.”

(Sunan Nasai 889)

2. Make fist and raise your index finger.

Do as the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to do. I said: How did Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) do? He said that he (the Messenger of Allah) sat at tashahhud, placed his right palm on the right thigh and closed all his fingers and pointed with the help of finger next to the thumb, and placed his left palm on his left thigh.

(Sahih Muslim 580c)

Salat: Making fist and raising the index finger
22. It is sunnah to slightly move your finger and fix your gaze upon it. You do this til you finish reciting the At-Tahiyyaat

I saw him (Prophet peace be upon him) moving it and supplicating with it.”

(Sunan Nasai 890)

He kept his look fixed on the finger he was pointing.

(Abu Dawood 990)

There are many different versions of At-Tahiyyaat recited by Companions of Prophet peace be upon him, from different ahadith. I will put the at-tahiyyaat of Ibn Masud, a companion of Prophet peace be upon him.

(Ibn Nasai 1169, and Muslim 402).


All praises, prayers, and good things are for Allah,

Allah’s mercy and blessings be on you, O Prophet!

Peace be upon us and the righteous slaves of Allah,

I testify that none has to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah’s slave and Messenger.”

23. In final Rakat (2nd tashahudd) There is a sunnah sitting position, called Tawarruk. It is done by sitting on your left buttock and putting your left foot underneath your right leg.

and in the last rak`a he pushed his left foot forward and kept the other foot propped up and sat over the buttocks.

(Sahih Bukhari 828)

Salat: It is sunnah when sitting for 2nd Tashahudd which is final, to sit on your left buttock with your left feet under your right leg, with the right feet still erect.
24. After reciting the second At-Tahhiyaat, you should recite durood Ibrahim. You also do the same sunnah, raising your index finger, with either way mentioned above, fixing your gaze on it and slightly moving it, until the end.


“O Allah, send blessing to Muhammad and family of Muhammad, as You have sent blessing to Ibrahim and family of Ibrahim, truly You are Praiseworthy and Glorious, O Allah bless Muhammad and family of Muhammad, as You have blessed Ibrahim and family of Ibrahim, truly You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.”

(Sahih Bukhari 3370)

25. It is recommended to seek refuge with Allah from four things.

The Messenger of Allah (way peace be upon him) said: When any one of you utters tashahhud (in prayer) he must seek refuge with Allah from four (trials) and should thus say:” O Allah! I seek refuge with Thee from the torment of the Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trial of life and death and from the evil of the trial of Masih al-Dajjal” (Antichrist).

(Sahih Muslim 588a)

Oh, Allah! I seek refuge with You from the torment of the Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trial of life and death, and from the evil of Mashih al-Dajjal.”

26. It is recommended to supplicate anything whatever you like, before saying the tasleem (two salaams). You can include duas from the Quran and Sunnah, as that is better.

While observing prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) we used to recite: Peace be upon Allah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to us: Verily Allah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer, he should say: All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants, for when he says this it reaches every upright servant in the heavens and the earth. (And say further): I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.

(Sahih Muslim 402)

27. Say Assalam Alaikum rahamtullahi, turning your face to right then left. You should let your cheek be seen by people behind you.

the Prophet, said: “The key to Salat is the purification, its Tahrlm is the Takblr, and its Tahlil is the Taslim.”

(Tirmidhi 3),

I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be open him) pronouncing taslim on his right and on his left till I saw the whiteness of his cheek.

(Sahih Muslim 582)

Salat Turning face right
Salat Turning face to left side.
Twelve Sunnah salat:

Zuhr: 4 (2+2) rakats sunnah salat before fard (obligatory), two after it. There is a hadith about praying 4, that whoever performs it, Allah will forbid him Fire, You can do 2+2 rakats, two rakats sunnah and then another two rakats, making it 4.

Asr is not included in Twelve sunnah salat. But, it is reported in Tirmidhi 430 that Allah will have mercy on those who pray 4 before Asr.

Maghrib: Two Sunnah rakat after farz.

Isha: Two Sunnah rakat after farz.

Fajr: Two Sunnah rakat before farz, this prayer is highly recommended and should be never missed even when in traveling, but it is not obligatory.

A house will be built for one who performs the Twelve sunnah salat.

“Whoever is regular with twelve Rak’ah of Sunnah (prayer), Allah will build a house for him in Paradise: Four Rak’ah before Zuhr, two Rak’ah after it, two Rak’ah after Maghrib, two Rak’ah after Isha, and two Rak’ah before Fajr.”

(Tirmidhi 414)

Although Salah is basic part of Islam, unfortunately most of people do not follow the correct method actually. Kindly see this article please.

Alhamduilliah (praise be to Allah)


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Aqeedah

Belief

Belief

May Allah bless Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and those who came after them.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu. (peace be upon you with Allah’s mercy and blessing).

This book will focus on Aqeedah (Belief of Islam) with an easy explanation, suitable for children. It is the duty of Muslim parents to teach their children according to Islam, and the first thing that should be taught is, (Allah, Angels, Holy Books, Messengers, Day of Judgment and Divine Decree, good and bad in destiny) Peace be upon those who follow the guidance.

Islam is the true religion, it is religion of all Prophets. It means submission to Allah, anyone who follows Islam with correct Aqeedah is called Muslim. Islam teaches us that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah, and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Messenger of Allah, the Final Prophet, also seal of Prophet hood, which means there are no more prophets after him. Islam is built on five pillars, below are:

1. Shahadah (believing in Allah, and prophet hood of Muhammad peace be upon him)

2. Five daily prayers (Fajr which starts at dawn, Zuhr after zenith has finished, Asr, at evening, Maghrib when the sun has set, and Isha at night.)

3. Fasting in Ramadan, (refraining from eating and drinking, evil deeds and wasteful acitvities)

4. Paying Zakat (if one can able to.).

5. Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca once in lifetime).

And the six belief of Islam are:

1. Allah (Who is One and Only without any partner).

2. Angels (unseen creatures created from light).

3. Holy Books (Tawrat, Injil, Zabur and Qur’an.).

4. Prophets and Messengers (From Adam to Muhammad peace be upon them).

5. Day of Judgment (Two groups are split, one group going to Paradise and another going to Hellfire).

6. Divine Decree (Allah’s will, nothing happens except what He has willed).

One of the most important part of Islam is Tawheed. It means that Allah is One and Only, without any partner, father, mother, rival and peer. Shirk is opposed to Tawheed, it means to associate anything with Allah. It is greatest sin. Allah has stated in Qur’an Surah Nisa, that He will not forgive it.

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates other with Allah has certainly fabricated tremendous sin.

This is scary verse, therefore we should be careful regarding our belief. We as Muslims should seek knowledge about Allah, so that we can protect ourselves from shirk. It is important that we know what is the meaning of La ilaha illallah Muhammadur RasulAllah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is Messenger of Allah). The meaning of La ilaha illallah will be explained below:

There are three types of Tawheed for easy understanding of La ilaha illallah:

1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship)

2. Tawheed-al-Ibaadah (Worshipping Allah alone)

3 Tawheed al-asma-was-sifaat (Uniqueness of Allah’s Names and Attributes)

1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobyah

Our belief about the Lordship of Allah, is that it means that everything belongs to Him. He is All-Powerful Lord, Who has power over everything, nothing happens except what He has willed. Even a leave cannot fall down without Allah’s permission. Everything depends on Him, while He depends on no one, For He is Independent Being. The One free of need, He knows everything, hearing and seeing everything. Nothing is hidden from Him.

The SHIRK: To believe that something can happen without Allah’s permission invalidates this type of Tawheed, for example, believing that stars can grant rainfall, or black cats as bad luck and so, falls under shirk, therefore we must beware of these shirk.

2. Tawheed-al-Ibaadah

Our belief about Oneness of Allah, is that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah. Allah is worshiped alone, all false gods are rejected, All form of worships must be submitted to Him alone and nothing else, our intention must be purely for His pleasure when doing any of these act. Salat, dua, following Sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him, fasting and paying zakat, all falls under act of worship. Love, hope and fear are also acts of worship, and they should be submitted to the One worthy of being worshiped alone, without showing off. There are two types of shirk in this type.

1. Minor Shirk (showing off)

2. Major Shirk (anything worshiped beside Allah)

1. The MINOR SHIRK: To show off good deeds, such as beautifying Qur’anic recitation to seek attention from people and not Allah’s Pleasure, paying charity as to be shown righteous. Even taking selfie of one doing good deeds can be minor shirk. Minor shirk does not put one off fold of Islam, unlike the major shirk. But it is still major sin.

2. The MAJOR SHIRK: Anything that is worshiped beside Allah, such as taking anything as god beside Allah (Idols, stone, tree, animals and image), seeking help from grave etc. sacrificing animals in name of anything other than Allah. Committing this type of shirk puts one out of fold of Islam.

3. Tawheed-al-asmaa-was-sifaat

Our belief about beautfiul Names and Attributes of Allah belongs to Him alone, and should not be given to anything other than Him. Whatever Allah mentions His Names and attributes from Qur’an and whatever His Messenger mentions His Names and Attributes from authentic Sunnah. Then we should believe in them without adding, removing, changing, or similitude. We believe they are Unique and Perfect, Allah is not like His creation, nothing is like Him, as mentioned in Qur’an 42:11:

There is nothing like Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

The SHIRK: Giving anything Allah’s names and attributes, such as claiming that Allah is imperfect (Allah is free from every errors.) that Angels having the knowledge of unseen which belongs to Allah alone. This is refuted in Qur’an Surah Baqarah:

They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”

In time of Adam peace be upon him in Paradise. When Allah asked the angels about name of things, they could not answer anything and said “It is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”, therefore, the knowledge of the unseen belongs to Allah alone.

We should always make sure that our belief are correct according to Quran and Sunnah.

These type of Tawheed should be helpful in sha Allah (Allah willing). As for the meaning of “Muhammadur RasulAllah”. It means we believe that Muhammad peace be upon him is the Prophet of Allah, and the best guidance is guidance of Muhammad peace be upon him, we are commanded to follow his Sunnah. Allah spoke about him peace be upon him in Qur’an Surah An Najm:

Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed

From above verses, the Sunnah is regarded as revelation from Allah. We are commanded to be obedient to Prophet peace be upon him, as to be obedient to Allah.

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” Quran 3:31

We must make sure that the act of worship we are doing is from Quran and Hadiths. Opposition to Sunnah is Biddah, which means to add something new that is not part of Islam, it is very against Islam. No matter how it looks good, there are no good biddah, as they are all evil, we should stay away from it, and stick to Sunnah. It is reported in authentic ahadith that Prophet peace be upon him said:

“Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (I.e Islam) that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

(Sahih Bukhari 2697, Sahih Muslim 1718, Ibn Majah 14)

“The worst of things are those that are newly invented; every newly-invented thing is an innovation and every innovation is going astray, and every going-astray is in the Fire”

Nasai 1579

This is not talking about the inventions, such as technology, rather this is about religious matters, it means any thing that someone has innovated in matter of Islam is considered as biddah and rejected.

Now as for the six belief of Islam, this will be explained, in sha Allah. The first belief (Allah) has already been explained as above. Other belief are below:

Angel:

Angels are unseen creatures, whom we cannot see their true forms, they are created from light.

They are obedient to Allah, submitting to Him without any hesitation.

They are sinless with no free will unlike mankind and jinns.

They can travel faster than speed of light,

They have wings, two three or four, as mentioned in Quran 35:1. Jibreel peace be upon him has highest numbers of wings (600 wings)

70,000 angels visit Much-Frequented House and when they have visited, they never return to it, and another group comes,

How many of they are now are known by Allah only, and since they are matter of unseen, we cannot imagine them what they look like, and only Allah knows them best.

The most important and best Angel is Jibreel, who conveyed Allah’s words to Muhammad peace be upon him. Muhammad peace be upon him saw him in his true form two times. He was so huge in his true form that he covered the whole horizon.

Other Angels are:

Mikhael

Israfil

Angel of Death.

Malik and the nineteen guards of Hellfire.

Munkar and Nakir

Angel of Mountains

There is also group of angels who carry the Throne of Allah.

Because they are matter of unseen, we cannot say anything about them except what was revealed from Qur’an and Sunnah.

They do not eat and drink,

Nor feel tired in worshiping Allah or being bored,

They are different in their size and status.

They are able to take different form, including form of man, they are described as tall and beauitful.

Angels have different duties, as their names are mentioned above, below are them:

Jibreel:

He is responsible for conveying Allah’s words to His Messengers.

Mikhael:

He is responsible for managing rain, whatever Allah commands him, he also has helpers who directs the winds and clouds by Allah’s commands.

Israfil:

He will blow the Trumpet at onset of the Hour. He will be commanded by Allah to do so. The Trumpet will be blown two times, first time all creatures will swoon and second time the resurrection will come to pass.

Malik:

He is keeper of Hellfire, and is leader of nineteen guards of Hellfire.

Angel of Death:

He is responsible for taking people’s souls away when their death time has come by Allah’s command. He also has helpers.

Munkar and Nakir

They are responsible for questioning the deceased in his/her grave. They will ask them three questions:

1. Who is your Lord?

2. What is your religion?

3. Who was the man sent among you?

If the deceased was righteous, he will answer them, and be in peace, but if he was hypocrite, he will not able to answer them and will be punished til the Day of Judgment.

Angel of Mountains:

He is responsible for the mountains, It is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim that he was sent by Allah to Prophet peace be upon him, He greeted him and said: “O Muhammad, order what you wish, and if you like, I will let the mountains fall on them.” However the Prophet peace be upon him refused.

The Holy Books:

Allah has sent His books which are:

1. Tawrat (Torah)

2. Injil (Gospel)

3. Zabur (Psalam)

4. Quran

Tawrat:

It was revealed to Prophet Musa peace be upon him.

Injil:

It was revealed to Prophet Isa peace be upon him

Zabur:

it was revealed to Prophet Dawood. peace be upon him

Quran:

It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, each parts were revealed for 23 years, after the cave of Hira incident till his death.

The Prophets and Messengers:

Prophets are human beings with special status, they are sent by Allah to each of their different communities, til the Final Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, who was sent to all mankind and jinns. There are also prophets who are not mentioned by their names, 25 prophets are mentioned in Qur’an:

1. Adam

2. Idris

3. Nuh.

4. Hud

5. Saleh

6. Ibrahim

7. Lut

8. Ishamel

9. Ishaq

10. Yaqub

11. Yusuf

12. Shu’aib

13. Ayyub

14. Dhulkfil

15. Musa

16. Harun

17. Dawud

18. Sulayman

19. Ilyas

20. Alyasa

21. Yunus

22. Zakariya

23. Yahya

24. Isa

25. Muhammad. Peace be upon them all

We must believe in all of these great people. To reject one is like rejecting all of them.

The Day of Resurrection:

This is most terrifying Day, where Judgment will take place, the Trumpet will be blown two times by Israfil. Allah says in Quran in Surah Zumar:

And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing looking on.

In the Day, two groups are split, one group is destined to go to Paradise, while the another group is destined to go to Hellfire.

Paradise is one of the most beautiful place created by Allah, it is place of eternal happiness, where there will be no negative things, no sadness, anger, foul languages, and so, the people who enter it will be only happy and pleased, they will never want go back to anything.

The highest level of Jannah is Jannat-ul-Firdaus which is closest to Throne of Allah. May Allah grant us into it.

Hellfire is very terrifying and disgusting place, which no one wants to enter. It is where punishment will take place. Disbelievers and Hypocrites will enter it forever and they will never able to escape it. The hypocrites will be in lowest level of Hellfire which means they will face very painful punishment. Some punishments such as boiling water, eating devil shaped foods, wearing worst clothing are mentioned in Quran. Muslims who have sincere belief but are punished due to their sins will eventually leave Hellfire and enter Paradise. May Allah protect us from Hellfire.

Divine Decree:

Whatever Allah has willed, will occur and whatever He does not will, will not occur. Even a leaf cannot fall down without His permission. Everything depends on Him. Basic types of Divine Decree are below:

1. Allah’s Knowledge.

He knows all things, the past, what has happened, present which are happening now, and what will happen in future. All these are written in Clear Record (Quran 10:61)

“Whatever you (O Muhammad) may be doing, and whatever portion you may be reciting from the Qur’an, – and whatever you deed you (mankind) may be doing (good or evil), We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Nor what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. “

2. Allah has wrote everything.

Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register. (Quran 36:12)

3. Whatever Allah wills something to happen, happens, He is All-Powerful Lord, and nothing happens except what He has willed. Nobody can do anything against Qadr, as all things decreed by Allah will come to pass.

Have they not traveled in the land, and seen what was the end of those before them, and they were superior to them in power? Allah is not such that anything in heaven or in the earth escapes Him. Verily He is All-Knowing, All-Omnipotent.”
Quran 35:44

4. Allah has created all things

Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc) over all things” Quran 6:102

Therefore we should believe in Divine Decree, such that if Allah has decreed something to happen to us, good or bad, we should be thankful to Him, regardless, because He is The Wise, The Knowing, while our knowledge and wisdom are limited.

Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah).

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Purification

Wudu

Wudu

May Allah bless Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and those who came after them. Peace be upon those who seek the Guidance.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu,

This article will focus on Wudu which is essential to be performed before Salat.

Salat is 2nd pillar of Islam after Shahadah. There are five daily prayers that we are commanded to perform. Allah has ordered salat in Quran.

 (Surah An-‘am 6:72)

There are many verses about salat and Wudu is obligatory before performing salat.

WUDU is the state of purification, which Muslims make daily to perform prayers. There is also tayammum, another method of wudu, only in specific cases.

Being in state of wudu is the fundamental part of performing prayer, which without it, our prayers will not be acceptable. It is necessary to learn how to make wudu according to Quran and Sunnah.

Allah tells us regarding wudu in Quran:

“O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.” (Surah Maida 6)

Condition of wudu according to scholars:

1. Being Muslim of sound mind (not insane)

2. Having reached age of puberty

3. Intention (in heart not in verbal)

4. Pure water

5. Getting rid of anything that prevents the water from reaching skin (paint, nail polish etc)

The Essential parts of wudu as mentioned in Quran:

1. Washing face

2. Washing forearms to elbows

3. Wiping head

4. Washing feets to ankles

Note: These parts must be cleaned properly (no dry spot) and washing with no lengthy lapse of time in between)

During Wudu, body parts can be cleaned one time, two times or three times. Below are ahadith on this matter.

1. Narrated Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him):

“The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed ablution by washing the body parts only once.”  Bukhari 157

2. Narrated: Abdullah bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him):

“The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed ablution (Wudu) by washing the body parts twice.” Bukhari 158

3. Narrated Humran, the slave of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him):

“I saw Uthman bin Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought), he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to elbow thrice, passed his (wet)hands over his head, and washed his feet up to the ankles thrice. Then he said, “Allah’s Messenger said, “If anyone performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two Rakat Salat (prayer) during which he does not think of anything else, then his past sins will be forgiven.” Bukhari 159

Washing each part 3 times is recommended.

It is highly recommended to use miswak when making wudu. There is no hadith on any specific timings to use miswak while making wudu. The scholars have different opinions on this matter. One can use miswak before wudu, or after washing hands and before rinsing, or while rinsing, or after wudu.

In the light of the Quran and Sunnah, the correct method of wudu is:

1. It is sunnah (not obligatory) to say bismilliah before starting the ablution

2. Washing both hands 3 times

3. Rinsing mouth and blowing nose 3 times

4. Washing face 3 times

5. Washing forearms to elbows 3 times

6. Wiping the head twice (from front to back, then back to front), and ears, both inner and outer parts

7. Washing feet to ankles 3 times

Steps of Wudu:

1. Begin by saying Bismilliah (not obligatory)

2. Wash both of your hands

3. Wash between fingers.

4. Rinse your mouth

Note: It is sunnah to put same handful of water in mouth and nose, it can be done by putting half water into mouth and sniffing half of water, the water goes out of mouth before nose.

5. Blow your nose

6. Wash your face (hair of beard is a part of face)

As for thin beard, one should wash it inside and out


7. In case of thick beard, wash the surface, and run your wet fingers through it

8. Wash both of your forearms to elbows

9. Wipe your head (starting with front to back, and then back to front)

10. Wipe both of your ears, (inner and outer)

 11. Wash both of your feets to ankles.

After wudu, it is recommended to recite these supplications:

“Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharikha lahu, wa ash hadu, anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu” Reference: Abu Dawood 169 and Sahih Muslim 234a

“I tesitfy that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.”

“Allahumma aj’alni minat-tawwabina waj’alni minAI-mutatahhrina”

  Reference: Bulugh al-Maram 57

“Oh Allah! include me among those who repent and those who keep themselves pure.”

“Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, ashhadu anlaa ilaaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik”   Reference: An-Nasa’i, ‘Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah, p. 173

“Glory be to You, O Allah, and praise; I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.”

Common Mistakes: 

1. It is common to see people wasting so much water. Wudu can still be made even with a bottle of water. Extravagance is forbidden in Qur’an 6:141

2. Some people also wipe their arms after wiping the head, this is not reported in ahadith.

3. Wiping front and back neck after wiping the head, this is not prescribed, and the ahadith concerning this are weak.  

4. Some people raise their finger after wudu is made, this is not reported and hence is considered as biddah.

5. Looking up at the sky not reported in ahadith.

Virtues of Wudu:

1. Sins are forgiven, and ranks are raised

Sahih Muslim 251: 

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Shall I not tell you something by means of which Allah erases sins and raises people in status?” They said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “Performing wudu properly during times when it is difficult to do so, taking many steps to the Masjid (i.e., coming to Masjid even from afar), and waiting for prayer after prayer. That is your Ribat, “

Abu Dawood 774: 

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When one of you performs ablution (wudu) and does it well, then he comes to the mosque with no other motive but prayer and not seeking anything other than the prayer, he does not take one step but Allah raises him in status one degree thereby, and takes away one of his sins, until he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque he is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer. 

2. Shining face and limbs

Sahih Muslim 249: 

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah:

that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to the graveyard and said: “Peace be upon the abode of believing people, and if Allah wills we will join you soon. Would that we could see our brothers.” They said: “Are we not your brothers, O Messenger of Allah?” He said “You are my companions. Our brothers are those who have not come yet.” They said: “How will you recongize those of your Ummah who have not come yet, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “Do you not see that if a man has a horse that has a white blaze and white feet among horses that are all black, will he not recongnize his horse?” They said: “Of course,  O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “You will come to me with glimmering faces and limbs (like the white markings of a horse) because of the traces of wudu‘. I will reach the Cistern (Hawd) before them. And Lo! Men will be driven away from my Cistern as stray camels are driven away. I will call out them: “Come here!”but it will be said: “They changed after you were gone.” And I will say: “Away with you, away with you!”  

3. Sins exits

Sahih Muslim 244: 

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When a Muslim or a believer – perform wudu and washes his face, every sin that he looked at with his eyes comes out from his face with the water – or with the last drop of the water. When he washes his hands, every sin that he commited with his hands comes out from his hands with the water – or with the last drop of the water. When he washes his feet, every sin to which he walked with his feet comes out from his feet with the water or with the last drop of the water – until he emerges cleansed of sins.”

Sahih Muslim 255: 

It was narrated that ‘Uthman bin Affan said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs wudu and performs wudu well, his sins comes out of body, even from beneath his nails.” 

Ibn Majah 282: 

It was narrated from Abdullah As-Sunabihi that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs ablution and rinses his mouth and nose, his sins will exit through his mouth and nose. When he washes his face, his sins will exit from his face, even from beneath his eyelids. When he washes his hands, his sins will exit from his hands. When he wipes his head, his sins will exit from his head, and even from his ears. When he washes his feet, his sins will exit from his feet, even from beneath his toenails. Then his prayer and his walking toward the mosque will earn extra merit for him.” 

Sahih Bukhari 6433

Narrated Ibn Aban: I brought water to Uthman bin Affan to perform the ablution while he was sitting on his seat. He perofrmed ablution in a perfect way and said, “I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) performing ablution in this place and he said perofrmed it in a perfect way and said, “Whoever performs ablution as I have performed this time and then proceeds to the mosque and offers a two rakat prayer and then sits there [waiting for the compulsory congregration salat (prayers)], then all his sins will be forgiven. ” 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) further added, “Do not be conecited [thinking that your sins will be forgiven because of your Salat (prayers)].” 

4. Half of Iman

Sahih Muslim 223, Tirmidhi 3517, Nasai 2437

It was narrated that Abu Malik Al-Ashari said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Purification is half of faith,”Al-Hamdu Lilliah” fills the Balance and “Subhan-Allahi wal-hamd Lilliah” fill or fills – the space between heaven and earth. As Salat (prayers) is light, As Sadaqa (charity) is proof, As-Sabr (patience) is illumination and the Qur’an is evidence for you or against you. All people go out in the morning and sell themselves, either freeing themselves or condeming themselves.”  

5. When one walks to masjid after wudu is made and finds it finished.

Abu Dawood 564:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs wudu and performs it well, then leaves (to the masjid) and finds that the people have already prayed, then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, will give him the reward of the one who prayed and attended it (the congregation): no part of his reward will be diminished.” 

6. Paradise becomes obligatory

Abu Dawood 906: 

Uqbah bin Amir Al-Juhani said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “No one performs the wudu having performed it well, and prays two rakats, while having full concentration of his heart and soul in them, except that Paradise becomes obligatory for him.”

7. Sins are forgiven after performing two rakat prayers.   

Abu Dawood 905: 

Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performed wudu and performed it well, then he prayed two rakats, without being distracted in them, he will have all his sins forgiven.”  

Abu Dawood 774: 

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When one of you performs ablution and does it well, then he comes to the mosque with no other motive but prayer and not seeking anything other than the prayer, he does not take one step but Allah raises him in status one degree thereby, and takes away one of his sins, until he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque he is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.”

What breaks wudu?

1. Defecation

2. Urination (even drop of urine)

3. Passing wind

4. Eating camel meat (Ibn Majah 494, Sahih)

5. Loss of consciouness (deep sleep and insanity, for example)

6. Prostatic fluid and semen

7. Anything that comes out from anus

8. Touching private parts.

Wudu playlist

Alhamdulillah. May Allah guide us all to perform Wudu in the light of the Quran and Sunnah.

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