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Sunnah

Sunnah Part 2

Sunnah Part 2 of our Beloved Prophet

Continued – Sunnah about Family and Social Life

All ahadith below are from the website

Putting morsel of food in your wife’s mouth (Sahih Bukhari 56)

Marrying widows and divorced, (Prophet peace be upon him’ wives were divorced or widowed except Aisha who was virgin and young.)

Looking after widows (Tirmidhi 1969)

Maintaining ties with people with whom your father loved (Tirmidhi 1903, and Riyad as-Salihin 342)

Praising your wife for her positive qualities and giving newly slaughtered meat to her friends (Sahih Bukhari 3818)

Being patient with your wife when she is in an angry mood (Sunan an-Nasa’i 3956)

Showing mercy to children and respect to elderly people (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 354)

Cheering up a child when he/she is grieved (Sahih Muslim 2150)

If the elder person is present, do not speak before he speaks as part of good manner and respect toward him (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 360)

Giving fruit to the youngest of the children (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 362)

Avoid returning to your family at night time from your journey (Sahih al-Bukhari 1801), return in either morning or evening (Sahih al-Bukhari 1800)

To protect your family from harmful things (Nasai 4094)

Be just to your wives (Sahih al-Bukhari 2879)

When a child sneezes, you say “BaarakAllah feek” (Al-haafidh as-Silafi), and teach him to praise Allah (Alhamduilliah) (Sharh Mandhoomah Al-aadab ash-Shari’yyah 280)

Learning more about your lineages as to solidify your family ties (Tirmidhi 1979)

Combing your husband even when in menstruation (Sahih Bukhari 295)

6. Sunnah of leaving the house

Reciting dua when leaving (Abu Dawood 5095)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ

In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah,

Looking up at the sky and saying this dua

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أَضِلَّ أَوْ أُضَلَّ أَوْ أَزِلَّ أَوْ أُزَلَّ أَوْ أَظْلِمَ أَوْ أُظْلَمَ أَوْ أَجْهَلَ أَوْ يُجْهَلَ عَلَىَّ

“O, Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me. Sunan Abi Dawud 5094)

It is a good manner to close the door gently, as Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness in all things (Ibn Majah 3689)

When one leaves the house, then it is sunnah to pray to Allah for him when he is absent, the angels will say “Ameen and may it be for you too” (Sahih Muslim 2732a), this can be done anywhere at anytime

7 Sunnah of entering house and permission if one is going to someone’s house

When you enter the house, shut the door and say bismillah (Abu Dawood 5096, although it is daif, Muslim 2012 supports this)

Say salam to those present in house, not just your own, but anyone whom you visit. (Quran 24:61), the best greeting is Assalam o Alaikum rahamtullahi wa barakuthu. (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 986)

Do not greet the People of the Book (Christians and Jews), and if they greet you, say “Wa’alaikum” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6257)‏

Shake hands with Muslims of your gender. (Musnad al-Bazzār 8335)

You can only shake hands with your wife, and mahram relatives (mother, sisters, nieces, mother in law, etc), otherwise, shaking hands with non-mahram people is forbidden. It is mentioned in Tabarani that to have an iron needle stabbed in your head is better than touching a non-mahram woman (al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 486)

Do not desire for people to stand up for you, as it is a sign of pride (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 977)

In other houses beside your own, ask the people inside it for permission (Surah An-Noor 24:27)

When you are asked about your identity, before being granted permission, do not say “it is me” as it is not correct, answer him your name. (Sunan Ibn Majah 3709)

Do not look inside someone’s house through windows or door without permission (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1070)

When you are asking one to grant you permission to enter, you must say the greeting, as it is the key (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1067), It is As-salaamu ‘Alaykum, may I enter? (Sunan Abi Dawud 5177)

  • If the house is empty, say

لسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ‏

Peace be upon the righteous slaves of Allah

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1055)

If the permission is asked 3 times and yet not responded, leave them alone, without feeling upset (Sahih al-Bukhari 6245). If they do not allow you to enter, leave them alone (Surah An-Noor 24:28)

While outside the door waiting for permission, it is sunnah to not face the door, but rather stand on side of the door, right or left (Sunan Abi Dawud 5174)

Do not be aggressive in asking for permission, as it is a rude manner. If the house is small, or you are about to enter one’s room, knock with your fingernails (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1080), otherwise, knock the door with enough sound to be heard by people, if there is a ring bell on the door, use it.

Asking your parents’ permission at these 3 times (Quran 24:58)

before the dawn prayer

when the parents put aside their clothing [for rest] at noon

after the night prayer

Asking your children, mother, even if she is old, your brother, sister, and father for their permission, before entering their rooms (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1062)

8. Sunnah of appearance (physical appearance) and body hygiene

It is one of the best Sunnah to use miswak, as it purifies the mouth and is pleasing to Allah. (Tirmidhi 22, and Musnad Ahmed 62)

Sunnah time of using miswak:

  1. After waking up (Nasai 1622)
  2. While making wudu for prayer, (Tirmidhi 22), there are differences of opinion about whenever to use siwak, you can use it before starting wudu, after washing hands, and before rinsing mouth, and while rinsing the mouth, or after wudu is finished.
  3. After entering your house (Nasai 8)
  4. At the time of death, (Sahih Bukhari 890)
  5. When preparing yourself for Friday Prayer (Sahih Muslim 846 b)
  6. When going to recite Quran (Musnad al-Bazzār 568)
  7. To clean mouth from any bad smell, (Musnad al-Bazzār 1303)

It is also sunnah to share miswak, by cutting it into half especially when you are going to a sick patient who has given up the hope of living. (Sahih Bukhari 890)

Using perfume (Sahih al-Bukhari 2582), especially when going to the masjid, as mentioned by Allah in the Quran 7:31)

Not refusing the gift of perfume (Sahih Bukhari 2582)

The best perfume is Musk (Nasai 1905)

Applying Ithmid kohl into your eyes (Ibn Majah 3497)

Wearing white clothing (an-Nasa’i 1897)

Oiling your hairs (Sahih Muslim 2344 a)

Rubbing your body with olive oil (Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyah 156)

Clipping your nails (Sahih Muslim 257b) it is not allowed to leave nails for more than 40 days (Ibn Majah 295)

Beautifying yourself such as combing yourself, but do not be proud, and make your intention of pleasing Allah, not seeking fame. (Sahih Muslim 91a)

It is sunnah to comb on the right side (Sahih al-Bukhari 5926)

If you have grown older and grey hairs appear, keep them and do not pluck them (Sunan Abi Dawud 4202)

It is sunnah to dye your hairs to be different from Jews and Christians (Sahih al-Bukhari 3462). However, do not dye with black (Nasai 5075). The best dyes are Henna and Katam (Nasai 5077)

Avoiding disheveled appearance or wearing dirty clothing, it is not part of Zuhd (Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4062)

Cupping yourself (Sahih al-Bukhari 2280), it is also best to pay the wage to the person if he has done it to you.

Keeping yourself clean (Sahih Muslim 223)

The Ten Fitrah (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 261)

  1. trimming the mustache
  2. letting the beard grow
  3. using the tooth stick
  4. sniffing water into the nose
  5. clipping the nails
  6. washing the knuckles
  7. removing hair from the underarms
  8. shaving the pubic hair
  9. cleaning the private parts with water
  10. It might be rinsing the mouth, as the narrator of the hadith forgot.

Keep your beard and trim your mustache. Don’t shave or trim your beard as this is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him, and there is no need to shave the mustache (Sahih al-Bukhari 5893)

Don’t leave your nails, mustache, pubic hair and armpit for more than 40 days (Tirmidhi 2759)

Protect your private parts from anyone besides your spouses (Quran 23:5), the private part is between navel and knees.

9. Jummah prayer

Memorizing 10 verses from the beginning of Surah kahf (Sahih Muslim 809a)

Reciting Surah Kahf (al-Haakim, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836)

Taking Ghusl (Sahih Bukhari 878)

Using miswak (Bukhari 880)

Applying oil on your hairs and perfume (Sahih Bukhari 883)

To pray Fajr in the congregation (Al Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-eeman, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami 1119)

To recite Alif, Lam, Mim, Tanzil (Suratas- Sajda #32) and Hal-ata-ala-I-Insani (Surah ad-Dahr 76) (Sahih Bukhari 891)

Wearing best clothing (Wearing white clothing is also best, as it is sunnah too), and not creating distraction to people (Abi Dawood 347), nor indulge in idle talk

Coming early to Jumma (Nasai 1389)

Be silent, and don’t play with anything whether it be phones, carpet, strings (Abu Dawood 1050), even telling your brothers to be quiet is considered as evil by Prophet peace be upon him (Sahih Bukhari 934)

Huge reward of Jummah if these conditions are followed (Abu Dawood 345 and Tirmidhi 496)

  1. Making your wife to perform ghusl on herself, and performing ghusl by yourself
  2. Going to the Masjid early
  3. Walking instead of riding
  4. Sit next to Imam
  5. To listen to the khubtah attentively
  6. Not engaging in useless activities such as talking to someone, fidgeting with hair clothes or phones)

Following these conditions, one will get rewards of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every steps taken. in sha Allah.

Coming before the Imam starts (Nasai 1389)

After Friday prayer, pray either 4 Sunnah Rakat in the masjid or 2 at home (Abi Dawood 1127 and Sahih Muslim 882)

For those who are acting as Imam, it is best to keep the khutbah short and also lengthen the prayer (Sahih Muslim 869)

Reciting Surah 87 and 88 (Surah A-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah) in Friday prayer. (Sunan Abi Dawood 1125)

One must avoid missing Jummah without valid reasons. otherwise, Allah will put seal on his heart. (Nasai 1370)

There is a time where supplication will be accepted, it is reported in Sahih Bukhari 935 that Prophet Peace be upon him said:

“There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” and he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands

And it is reported in Sahih Muslim 853

Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ashari reported:

Abdullah b. Umar said to me: “Did you hear anything from your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) about the time on Friday? I said: “Yes, I heard him say from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)(these words): It is between the time when the imam sits down and the end of the prayer.”

After Jumma. take some nap and some meal (Sahih al-Bukhari 6279)

Alhamdulillah.

May Allah make this beneficial for you and your families.

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