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Aqeedah

Belief

Belief

May Allah bless Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and those who came after them.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu. (peace be upon you with Allah’s mercy and blessing).

This book will focus on Aqeedah (Belief of Islam) with an easy explanation, suitable for children. It is the duty of Muslim parents to teach their children according to Islam, and the first thing that should be taught is, (Allah, Angels, Holy Books, Messengers, Day of Judgment and Divine Decree, good and bad in destiny) Peace be upon those who follow the guidance.

Islam is the true religion, it is religion of all Prophets. It means submission to Allah, anyone who follows Islam with correct Aqeedah is called Muslim. Islam teaches us that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah, and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Messenger of Allah, the Final Prophet, also seal of Prophet hood, which means there are no more prophets after him. Islam is built on five pillars, below are:

1. Shahadah (believing in Allah, and prophet hood of Muhammad peace be upon him)

2. Five daily prayers (Fajr which starts at dawn, Zuhr after zenith has finished, Asr, at evening, Maghrib when the sun has set, and Isha at night.)

3. Fasting in Ramadan, (refraining from eating and drinking, evil deeds and wasteful acitvities)

4. Paying Zakat (if one can able to.).

5. Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca once in lifetime).

And the six belief of Islam are:

1. Allah (Who is One and Only without any partner).

2. Angels (unseen creatures created from light).

3. Holy Books (Tawrat, Injil, Zabur and Qur’an.).

4. Prophets and Messengers (From Adam to Muhammad peace be upon them).

5. Day of Judgment (Two groups are split, one group going to Paradise and another going to Hellfire).

6. Divine Decree (Allah’s will, nothing happens except what He has willed).

One of the most important part of Islam is Tawheed. It means that Allah is One and Only, without any partner, father, mother, rival and peer. Shirk is opposed to Tawheed, it means to associate anything with Allah. It is greatest sin. Allah has stated in Qur’an Surah Nisa, that He will not forgive it.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱفۡيَتَرَىٰٓ إِثۡمًا عَظِيمًا ٨٤

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates other with Allah has certainly fabricated tremendous sin.

This is scary verse, therefore we should be careful regarding our belief. We as Muslims should seek knowledge about Allah, so that we can protect ourselves from shirk. It is important that we know what is the meaning of La ilaha illallah Muhammadur RasulAllah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is Messenger of Allah). The meaning of La ilaha illallah will be explained below:

There are three types of Tawheed for easy understanding of La ilaha illallah:

1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship)

2. Tawheed-al-Ibaadah (Worshipping Allah alone)

3 Tawheed al-asma-was-sifaat (Uniqueness of Allah’s Names and Attributes)

1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobyah

Our belief about the Lordship of Allah, is that it means that everything belongs to Him. He is All-Powerful Lord, Who has power over everything, nothing happens except what He has willed. Even a leave cannot fall down without Allah’s permission. Everything depends on Him, while He depends on no one, For He is Independent Being. The One free of need, He knows everything, hearing and seeing everything. Nothing is hidden from Him.

The SHIRK: To believe that something can happen without Allah’s permission invalidates this type of Tawheed, for example, believing that stars can grant rainfall, or black cats as bad luck and so, falls under shirk, therefore we must beware of these shirk.

2. Tawheed-al-Ibaadah

Our belief about Oneness of Allah, is that there is One and Only God, Who is Allah. Allah is worshiped alone, all false gods are rejected, All form of worships must be submitted to Him alone and nothing else, our intention must be purely for His pleasure when doing any of these act. Salat, dua, following Sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him, fasting and paying zakat, all falls under act of worship. Love, hope and fear are also acts of worship, and they should be submitted to the One worthy of being worshiped alone, without showing off. There are two types of shirk in this type.

1. Minor Shirk (showing off)

2. Major Shirk (anything worshiped beside Allah)

1. The MINOR SHIRK: To show off good deeds, such as beautifying Qur’anic recitation to seek attention from people and not Allah’s Pleasure, paying charity as to be shown righteous. Even taking selfie of one doing good deeds can be minor shirk. Minor shirk does not put one off fold of Islam, unlike the major shirk. But it is still major sin.

2. The MAJOR SHIRK: Anything that is worshiped beside Allah, such as taking anything as god beside Allah (Idols, stone, tree, animals and image), seeking help from grave etc. sacrificing animals in name of anything other than Allah. Committing this type of shirk puts one out of fold of Islam.

3. Tawheed-al-asmaa-was-sifaat

Our belief about beautfiul Names and Attributes of Allah belongs to Him alone, and should not be given to anything other than Him. Whatever Allah mentions His Names and attributes from Qur’an and whatever His Messenger mentions His Names and Attributes from authentic Sunnah. Then we should believe in them without adding, removing, changing, or similitude. We believe they are Unique and Perfect, Allah is not like His creation, nothing is like Him, as mentioned in Qur’an 42:11:

لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِهِۦ شَىۡءٌ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ ١١

There is nothing like Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

The SHIRK: Giving anything Allah’s names and attributes, such as claiming that Allah is imperfect (Allah is free from every errors.) that Angels having the knowledge of unseen which belongs to Allah alone. This is refuted in Qur’an Surah Baqarah:

قَالُواْ سُبۡحَٰنَكَ لَا عِلۡمَ لَنَآ إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمۡتَنَآۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ ٢٣

They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”

In time of Adam peace be upon him in Paradise. When Allah asked the angels about name of things, they could not answer anything and said “It is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”, therefore, the knowledge of the unseen belongs to Allah alone.

We should always make sure that our belief are correct according to Quran and Sunnah.

These type of Tawheed should be helpful in sha Allah (Allah willing). As for the meaning of “Muhammadur RasulAllah”. It means we believe that Muhammad peace be upon him is the Prophet of Allah, and the best guidance is guidance of Muhammad peace be upon him, we are commanded to follow his Sunnah. Allah spoke about him peace be upon him in Qur’an Surah An Najm:

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ ٱلۡهَوَىٰٓ ٣ إِنۡ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحۡىٌ يُوحَىٰ ٤

Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed

From above verses, the Sunnah is regarded as revelation from Allah. We are commanded to be obedient to Prophet peace be upon him, as to be obedient to Allah.

قُلۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ ت تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ ذُنُوبَكُمۡۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ١٣

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” Quran 3:31

We must make sure that the act of worship we are doing is from Quran and Hadiths. Opposition to Sunnah is Biddah, which means to add something new that is not part of Islam, it is very against Islam. No matter how it looks good, there are no good biddah, as they are all evil, we should stay away from it, and stick to Sunnah. It is reported in authentic ahadith that Prophet peace be upon him said:

“Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (I.e Islam) that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

(Sahih Bukhari 2697, Sahih Muslim 1718, Ibn Majah 14)

“The worst of things are those that are newly invented; every newly-invented thing is an innovation and every innovation is going astray, and every going-astray is in the Fire”

Nasai 1579

This is not talking about the inventions, such as technology, rather this is about religious matters, it means any thing that someone has innovated in matter of Islam is considered as biddah and rejected.

Now as for the six belief of Islam, this will be explained, in sha Allah. The first belief (Allah) has already been explained as above. Other belief are below:

Angel:

Angels are unseen creatures, whom we cannot see their true forms, they are created from light.

They are obedient to Allah, submitting to Him without any hesitation.

They are sinless with no free will unlike mankind and jinns.

They can travel faster than speed of light,

They have wings, two three or four, as mentioned in Quran 35:1. Jibreel peace be upon him has highest numbers of wings (600 wings)

70,000 angels visit Much-Frequented House and when they have visited, they never return to it, and another group comes,

How many of they are now are known by Allah only, and since they are matter of unseen, we cannot imagine them what they look like, and only Allah knows them best.

The most important and best Angel is Jibreel, who conveyed Allah’s words to Muhammad peace be upon him. Muhammad peace be upon him saw him in his true form two times. He was so huge in his true form that he covered the whole horizon.

Other Angels are:

Mikhael

Israfil

Angel of Death.

Malik and the nineteen guards of Hellfire.

Munkar and Nakir

Angel of Mountains

There is also group of angels who carry the Throne of Allah.

Because they are matter of unseen, we cannot say anything about them except what was revealed from Qur’an and Sunnah.

They do not eat and drink,

Nor feel tired in worshiping Allah or being bored,

They are different in their size and status.

They are able to take different form, including form of man, they are described as tall and beauitful.

Angels have different duties, as their names are mentioned above, below are them:

Jibreel:

He is responsible for conveying Allah’s words to His Messengers.

Mikhael:

He is responsible for managing rain, whatever Allah commands him, he also has helpers who directs the winds and clouds by Allah’s commands.

Israfil:

He will blow the Trumpet at onset of the Hour. He will be commanded by Allah to do so. The Trumpet will be blown two times, first time all creatures will swoon and second time the resurrection will come to pass.

Malik:

He is keeper of Hellfire, and is leader of nineteen guards of Hellfire.

Angel of Death:

He is responsible for taking people’s souls away when their death time has come by Allah’s command. He also has helpers.

Munkar and Nakir

They are responsible for questioning the deceased in his/her grave. They will ask them three questions:

1. Who is your Lord?

2. What is your religion?

3. Who was the man sent among you?

If the deceased was righteous, he will answer them, and be in peace, but if he was hypocrite, he will not able to answer them and will be punished til the Day of Judgment.

Angel of Mountains:

He is responsible for the mountains, It is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim that he was sent by Allah to Prophet peace be upon him, He greeted him and said: “O Muhammad, order what you wish, and if you like, I will let the mountains fall on them.” However the Prophet peace be upon him refused.

The Holy Books:

Allah has sent His books which are:

1. Tawrat (Torah)

2. Injil (Gospel)

3. Zabur (Psalam)

4. Quran

Tawrat:

It was revealed to Prophet Musa peace be upon him.

Injil:

It was revealed to Prophet Isa peace be upon him

Zabur:

it was revealed to Prophet Dawood. peace be upon him

Quran:

It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, each parts were revealed for 23 years, after the cave of Hira incident till his death.

The Prophets and Messengers:

Prophets are human beings with special status, they are sent by Allah to each of their different communities, til the Final Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, who was sent to all mankind and jinns. There are also prophets who are not mentioned by their names, 25 prophets are mentioned in Qur’an:

1. Adam

2. Idris

3. Nuh.

4. Hud

5. Saleh

6. Ibrahim

7. Lut

8. Ishamel

9. Ishaq

10. Yaqub

11. Yusuf

12. Shu’aib

13. Ayyub

14. Dhulkfil

15. Musa

16. Harun

17. Dawud

18. Sulayman

19. Ilyas

20. Alyasa

21. Yunus

22. Zakariya

23. Yahya

24. Isa

25. Muhammad. Peace be upon them all

We must believe in all of these great people. To reject one is like rejecting all of them.

The Day of Resurrection:

This is most terrifying Day, where Judgment will take place, the Trumpet will be blown two times by Israfil. Allah says in Quran in Surah Zumar:

وَنَفِخَ فِى ٱلصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَن فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا مَن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخۡرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمۡ قِيَامٌ يَنظُرُونَ ٨٦

And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing looking on.

In the Day, two groups are split, one group is destined to go to Paradise, while the another group is destined to go to Hellfire.

Paradise is one of the most beautiful place created by Allah, it is place of eternal happiness, where there will be no negative things, no sadness, anger, foul languages, and so, the people who enter it will be only happy and pleased, they will never want go back to anything.

The highest level of Jannah is Jannat-ul-Firdaus which is closest to Throne of Allah. May Allah grant us into it.

Hellfire is very terrifying and disgusting place, which no one wants to enter. It is where punishment will take place. Disbelievers and Hypocrites will enter it forever and they will never able to escape it. The hypocrites will be in lowest level of Hellfire which means they will face very painful punishment. Some punishments such as boiling water, eating devil shaped foods, wearing worst clothing are mentioned in Quran. Muslims who have sincere belief but are punished due to their sins will eventually leave Hellfire and enter Paradise. May Allah protect us from Hellfire.

Divine Decree:

Whatever Allah has willed, will occur and whatever He does not will, will not occur. Even a leaf cannot fall down without His permission. Everything depends on Him. Basic types of Divine Decree are below:

1. Allah’s Knowledge.

He knows all things, the past, what has happened, present which are happening now, and what will happen in future. All these are written in Clear Record (Quran 10:61)

وَمَا تَكُونُ فِى شَأۡنٍ وَمَا تَتۡلُواْ مِنۡهُ مِن قُرۡءَانٍ وَلَا تَعۡمَلُونَ مِنۡ عَمَلٍ إِلَّا كُنَّا عَلَيۡكُمۡ شُهُودًا إِذۡ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِۚ وَمَا يَعۡزُبُ عَن رَّبِّكَ مِن مِّشۡقَالِ ذَرَّةٍ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَلَآ أَصۡغَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَآ أَكۡبَرَ إِلَّا فِى كِتَٰبٍ مُّبِينٍ ١٦

“Whatever you (O Muhammad) may be doing, and whatever portion you may be reciting from the Qur’an, – and whatever you deed you (mankind) may be doing (good or evil), We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Nor what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. “

2. Allah has wrote everything.

إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَكۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ مُّبِينٍ ٢١

Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register. (Quran 36:12)

3. Whatever Allah wills something to happen, happens, He is All-Powerful Lord, and nothing happens except what He has willed. Nobody can do anything against Qadr, as all things decreed by Allah will come to pass.

أَوَلَمۡ يَسِيرُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَيَنظُرُواْ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ وَكَانُوٓاْ أَشَدَّ مِنۡهُمۡ قُوَّةًۚ وَمَا كَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِيُعۡجِزَهُ ُ مِن شَىۡءٍ فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَلَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِۚ إِنَّهُ ُ كَانَ عَلِيمًا قَدِيرًا ٤٤

Have they not traveled in the land, and seen what was the end of those before them, and they were superior to them in power? Allah is not such that anything in heaven or in the earth escapes Him. Verily He is All-Knowing, All-Omnipotent.”
Quran 35:44

4. Allah has created all things

ذَٰلِكُمُ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّكُمۡۖ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوۖ خَٰلِقُ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ فَٱعۡبُدُوهُۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ وَكِيلٌ ١٠٢

Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc) over all things” Quran 6:102

Therefore we should believe in Divine Decree, such that if Allah has decreed something to happen to us, good or bad, we should be thankful to Him, regardless, because He is The Wise, The Knowing, while our knowledge and wisdom are limited.

Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah).

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