Birthday In Islam
A birthday is celebration which is celebrated when the person has reached his birth day. People often would give gifts, such as foods, watches, and sometimes expensive things, etc. The parties are held in home, office or schools
But can Muslims practice it?
We should look at how it started. Little research will be enough. According to this website
It all started with the Egyptians.
Scholars who study the Bible say that the earliest mention of a birthday was around 3,000 B.C.E. and was in reference to a Pharaoh’s birthday. But further study implies that this was not their birth into the world, but their “birth” as a god.
When Egyptian pharaohs were crowned in ancient Egypt, they were considered to have transformed into gods. This was a moment in their lives that became more important than even their physical birth.
Pagans, such as the ancient Greeks, believed that each person had a spirit that was present on the day of his or her birth. This spirit kept watch and had a mystic relation with the god on whose birthday that particular individual was born.
The Birthday candles was started by the Greeks.
Gods and goddesses were a huge part of Greek culture. Greeks offered many tributes and sacrifices to appease these gods. The lunar goddess, Artemis, was no different.
As a tribute to her, the Greeks would offer up moon-shaped cakes adorned with lit candles to recreate the glowing radiance of the moon and Artemis’ perceived beauty. The candles also symbolized the sending of a signal or prayer. Blowing out the candles with a wish is another way of sending that message to the gods.
Birthdays first started as a form of protection.
It is assumed that the Greeks adopted the Egyptian tradition of celebrating the “birth” of a god. They, like many other pagan cultures, thought that days of major change, such as these “birth” days, welcomed evil spirits. They lit candles in response to these spirits almost as if they represented a light in the darkness. This implies that birthday celebrations started as a form of protection.
In addition to candles, friends and family would gather around the birthday person and protect them from harm with good cheers, thoughts, and wishes. They would give gifts to bring even more good cheer that would ward off evil spirits. Noisemakers were also used to scare away the unwanted evil.
So what does Islam say about birthday?
These traditions mentioned above were all based on Shirks.
According to scholars, celebrating birthday is not permissible, because they imitate the Kafirs. and what they said is true, the roots of birthday as mentioned above, shows that it was actually the Kafirs who invented it for their false gods.
Even Muslims should not celebrate Christmas, because it is basically just pagan culture. The Bible does not even mention it either.
It is reported in hadith:
You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah’s Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)” those before you”? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?
What Prophet peace be upon him said has came true. We see that Muslims have took cultures from non muslims into their cultures. We should be proud of our religion, and we believe that it is the Truth, which Allah has guided us toward. Therefore there is no need to copy non muslims’ cultures.
ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَٰمَ دِينًاۚ
This day I have perfected for you your religion and compteled My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.
Surah Maida 3