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Sunnah

Sunnah Part 2

Sunnah Part 2 of our Beloved Prophet

Continued – Sunnah about Family and Social Life

All ahadith below are from the website

Putting morsel of food in your wife’s mouth (Sahih Bukhari 56)

Marrying widows and divorced, (Prophet peace be upon him’ wives were divorced or widowed except Aisha who was virgin and young.)

Looking after widows (Tirmidhi 1969)

Maintaining ties with people with whom your father loved (Tirmidhi 1903, and Riyad as-Salihin 342)

Praising your wife for her positive qualities and giving newly slaughtered meat to her friends (Sahih Bukhari 3818)

Being patient with your wife when she is in an angry mood (Sunan an-Nasa’i 3956)

Showing mercy to children and respect to elderly people (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 354)

Cheering up a child when he/she is grieved (Sahih Muslim 2150)

If the elder person is present, do not speak before he speaks as part of good manner and respect toward him (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 360)

Giving fruit to the youngest of the children (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 362)

Avoid returning to your family at night time from your journey (Sahih al-Bukhari 1801), return in either morning or evening (Sahih al-Bukhari 1800)

To protect your family from harmful things (Nasai 4094)

Be just to your wives (Sahih al-Bukhari 2879)

When a child sneezes, you say “BaarakAllah feek” (Al-haafidh as-Silafi), and teach him to praise Allah (Alhamduilliah) (Sharh Mandhoomah Al-aadab ash-Shari’yyah 280)

Learning more about your lineages as to solidify your family ties (Tirmidhi 1979)

Combing your husband even when in menstruation (Sahih Bukhari 295)

6. Sunnah of leaving the house

Reciting dua when leaving (Abu Dawood 5095)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ

In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah,

Looking up at the sky and saying this dua

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أَضِلَّ أَوْ أُضَلَّ أَوْ أَزِلَّ أَوْ أُزَلَّ أَوْ أَظْلِمَ أَوْ أُظْلَمَ أَوْ أَجْهَلَ أَوْ يُجْهَلَ عَلَىَّ

“O, Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me. Sunan Abi Dawud 5094)

It is a good manner to close the door gently, as Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness in all things (Ibn Majah 3689)

When one leaves the house, then it is sunnah to pray to Allah for him when he is absent, the angels will say “Ameen and may it be for you too” (Sahih Muslim 2732a), this can be done anywhere at anytime

7 Sunnah of entering house and permission if one is going to someone’s house

When you enter the house, shut the door and say bismillah (Abu Dawood 5096, although it is daif, Muslim 2012 supports this)

Say salam to those present in house, not just your own, but anyone whom you visit. (Quran 24:61), the best greeting is Assalam o Alaikum rahamtullahi wa barakuthu. (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 986)

Do not greet the People of the Book (Christians and Jews), and if they greet you, say “Wa’alaikum” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6257)‏

Shake hands with Muslims of your gender. (Musnad al-Bazzār 8335)

You can only shake hands with your wife, and mahram relatives (mother, sisters, nieces, mother in law, etc), otherwise, shaking hands with non-mahram people is forbidden. It is mentioned in Tabarani that to have an iron needle stabbed in your head is better than touching a non-mahram woman (al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 486)

Do not desire for people to stand up for you, as it is a sign of pride (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 977)

In other houses beside your own, ask the people inside it for permission (Surah An-Noor 24:27)

When you are asked about your identity, before being granted permission, do not say “it is me” as it is not correct, answer him your name. (Sunan Ibn Majah 3709)

Do not look inside someone’s house through windows or door without permission (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1070)

When you are asking one to grant you permission to enter, you must say the greeting, as it is the key (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1067), It is As-salaamu ‘Alaykum, may I enter? (Sunan Abi Dawud 5177)

  • If the house is empty, say

لسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ‏

Peace be upon the righteous slaves of Allah

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1055)

If the permission is asked 3 times and yet not responded, leave them alone, without feeling upset (Sahih al-Bukhari 6245). If they do not allow you to enter, leave them alone (Surah An-Noor 24:28)

While outside the door waiting for permission, it is sunnah to not face the door, but rather stand on side of the door, right or left (Sunan Abi Dawud 5174)

Do not be aggressive in asking for permission, as it is a rude manner. If the house is small, or you are about to enter one’s room, knock with your fingernails (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1080), otherwise, knock the door with enough sound to be heard by people, if there is a ring bell on the door, use it.

Asking your parents’ permission at these 3 times (Quran 24:58)

before the dawn prayer

when the parents put aside their clothing [for rest] at noon

after the night prayer

Asking your children, mother, even if she is old, your brother, sister, and father for their permission, before entering their rooms (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1062)

8. Sunnah of appearance (physical appearance) and body hygiene

It is one of the best Sunnah to use miswak, as it purifies the mouth and is pleasing to Allah. (Tirmidhi 22, and Musnad Ahmed 62)

Sunnah time of using miswak:

  1. After waking up (Nasai 1622)
  2. While making wudu for prayer, (Tirmidhi 22), there are differences of opinion about whenever to use siwak, you can use it before starting wudu, after washing hands, and before rinsing mouth, and while rinsing the mouth, or after wudu is finished.
  3. After entering your house (Nasai 8)
  4. At the time of death, (Sahih Bukhari 890)
  5. When preparing yourself for Friday Prayer (Sahih Muslim 846 b)
  6. When going to recite Quran (Musnad al-Bazzār 568)
  7. To clean mouth from any bad smell, (Musnad al-Bazzār 1303)

It is also sunnah to share miswak, by cutting it into half especially when you are going to a sick patient who has given up the hope of living. (Sahih Bukhari 890)

Using perfume (Sahih al-Bukhari 2582), especially when going to the masjid, as mentioned by Allah in the Quran 7:31)

Not refusing the gift of perfume (Sahih Bukhari 2582)

The best perfume is Musk (Nasai 1905)

Applying Ithmid kohl into your eyes (Ibn Majah 3497)

Wearing white clothing (an-Nasa’i 1897)

Oiling your hairs (Sahih Muslim 2344 a)

Rubbing your body with olive oil (Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyah 156)

Clipping your nails (Sahih Muslim 257b) it is not allowed to leave nails for more than 40 days (Ibn Majah 295)

Beautifying yourself such as combing yourself, but do not be proud, and make your intention of pleasing Allah, not seeking fame. (Sahih Muslim 91a)

It is sunnah to comb on the right side (Sahih al-Bukhari 5926)

If you have grown older and grey hairs appear, keep them and do not pluck them (Sunan Abi Dawud 4202)

It is sunnah to dye your hairs to be different from Jews and Christians (Sahih al-Bukhari 3462). However, do not dye with black (Nasai 5075). The best dyes are Henna and Katam (Nasai 5077)

Avoiding disheveled appearance or wearing dirty clothing, it is not part of Zuhd (Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4062)

Cupping yourself (Sahih al-Bukhari 2280), it is also best to pay the wage to the person if he has done it to you.

Keeping yourself clean (Sahih Muslim 223)

The Ten Fitrah (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 261)

  1. trimming the mustache
  2. letting the beard grow
  3. using the tooth stick
  4. sniffing water into the nose
  5. clipping the nails
  6. washing the knuckles
  7. removing hair from the underarms
  8. shaving the pubic hair
  9. cleaning the private parts with water
  10. It might be rinsing the mouth, as the narrator of the hadith forgot.

Keep your beard and trim your mustache. Don’t shave or trim your beard as this is against the command of Prophet peace be upon him, and there is no need to shave the mustache (Sahih al-Bukhari 5893)

Don’t leave your nails, mustache, pubic hair and armpit for more than 40 days (Tirmidhi 2759)

Protect your private parts from anyone besides your spouses (Quran 23:5), the private part is between navel and knees.

9. Jummah prayer

Memorizing 10 verses from the beginning of Surah kahf (Sahih Muslim 809a)

Reciting Surah Kahf (al-Haakim, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836)

Taking Ghusl (Sahih Bukhari 878)

Using miswak (Bukhari 880)

Applying oil on your hairs and perfume (Sahih Bukhari 883)

To pray Fajr in the congregation (Al Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-eeman, Saheeh by Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami 1119)

To recite Alif, Lam, Mim, Tanzil (Suratas- Sajda #32) and Hal-ata-ala-I-Insani (Surah ad-Dahr 76) (Sahih Bukhari 891)

Wearing best clothing (Wearing white clothing is also best, as it is sunnah too), and not creating distraction to people (Abi Dawood 347), nor indulge in idle talk

Coming early to Jumma (Nasai 1389)

Be silent, and don’t play with anything whether it be phones, carpet, strings (Abu Dawood 1050), even telling your brothers to be quiet is considered as evil by Prophet peace be upon him (Sahih Bukhari 934)

Huge reward of Jummah if these conditions are followed (Abu Dawood 345 and Tirmidhi 496)

  1. Making your wife to perform ghusl on herself, and performing ghusl by yourself
  2. Going to the Masjid early
  3. Walking instead of riding
  4. Sit next to Imam
  5. To listen to the khubtah attentively
  6. Not engaging in useless activities such as talking to someone, fidgeting with hair clothes or phones)

Following these conditions, one will get rewards of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every steps taken. in sha Allah.

Coming before the Imam starts (Nasai 1389)

After Friday prayer, pray either 4 Sunnah Rakat in the masjid or 2 at home (Abi Dawood 1127 and Sahih Muslim 882)

For those who are acting as Imam, it is best to keep the khutbah short and also lengthen the prayer (Sahih Muslim 869)

Reciting Surah 87 and 88 (Surah A-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah) in Friday prayer. (Sunan Abi Dawood 1125)

One must avoid missing Jummah without valid reasons. otherwise, Allah will put seal on his heart. (Nasai 1370)

There is a time where supplication will be accepted, it is reported in Sahih Bukhari 935 that Prophet Peace be upon him said:

“There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” and he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands

And it is reported in Sahih Muslim 853

Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ashari reported:

Abdullah b. Umar said to me: “Did you hear anything from your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) about the time on Friday? I said: “Yes, I heard him say from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)(these words): It is between the time when the imam sits down and the end of the prayer.”

After Jumma. take some nap and some meal (Sahih al-Bukhari 6279)

Alhamdulillah.

May Allah make this beneficial for you and your families.

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Sunnah

Following the Sunnah everyday life.

Assalam o Alaikum rahamutullahi wa barakuthu brothers and sisters,

As we are Muslims, Allah has told us that if we love Him, then we should follow His Messenger, this is mentioned in the Quran,

قُلۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ ذُنُوبَكُمۡۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ١٣

“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”

We are ordered to follow Sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him.

Instead of Sunnah, biddah is widespread everywhere, therefore, I wanted to write on the subject. I pray and hope that Allah will make it beneficial for you. Please share the knowledge.

Teach your children the Sunnah, so they can be on the right path.

All ahadith are taken from the website

1. Sleeping

Sleeping in the state of ablution and lying on the right side saying the dua (below down) (Sahih Muslim 2710a and Sahih Bukhari 247)

It is also sunnah to make wudu if one is in the state of Junub.

Dua: “Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu `Amri ilaika, wa alja’tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja’a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta”

Dusting off the bed (Sahih Bukhari 7393)

To recite Ayat Kursi (Sahih Bukhari 2311)

Surah Mulk (Abu Dawood 1400)

Two last verses of Surah Baqarah (Tirmidhi 2881, Sahih Bukhari 4008)

Surah Kafiroon (Abu Dawood 5055)

Cupping your hands and blowing on it after reciting 3 last surahs (Surah Ikhlas, Falaq, and Anas) 3 times on each surah, and then rubbing your body parts whatever you are able to.

Reciting 33 times Subhan Allah, 33 times Alhamduiliah, and 34 times Allah Akbar, (Sahih Bukhari 5362). It is also sunnah to count on your fingers, as it will be questioned on Day of Judgment (Abu Dawood 1501)

Reciting “By Your Name, O Allah, I die and I live” when going to sleep. (Adad Mufrad 1205)

بِاسْمِكَ اللَّهُمَّ أَمُوتُ وَأَحْيَا

Sleeping on your right hand underneath your cheek, and say this dua 3 times (Ibn Majah 3877)

اللَّهُمَّ قِنِي عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ – أَوْ تَجْمَعُ – عِبَادَكَ

Going to sleep as soon as Isha is performed, and avoiding to talk to anyone (Sahih Bukhari 568)

If one gets a nightmare, this dua should be recited. (Abu Dawud 3884)

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّةِ مِنْ غَضَبِهِ وَشَرِّ عِبَادِهِ وَمِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ

I seek refuge in Allah’s perfect words from His anger, the evil of His servants, the evil suggestions of the devils, and their presence.

2. Waking up from sleeping

Using miswak (Sahih Bukhari 245)

Blowing nose and washing hands 3 times, (Sahih bukhari 3295, and Sahih Muslim 278a)

Waking up for Tahajjud (Surah 17:79)

Rubbing face (Sahih Bukhari 183)

Reciting these duas, after waking up. (Adad Mufrad 1205)

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُورُ

Praise be to Allah who gave us life after He made us die, and to Him is the gathering

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ ثُمَّ دَعَا رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي – غُفِرَ لَهُ ‏

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, with no partner or associate. His is the dominion and all praise is to Him, and He is Able to do all things. Glory is to Allah, praise is to Allah, none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, Allah is the Most Great, and there is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the Most Supreme

Sunan Ibn Majah 3878

3. Eating and Drinking.

Saying Bismillah before eating or drink, (Riyad Salihin 758)

If one forgets to mention Bismillah before eating, then recite Bismillah fi awwalihi wa aakhirihi (In name of Allah, at the beginning and at the end of it.” (Abu Dawood 3767)

Washing your hands before eating or drinking (Nasai 258)

Do not use the left hand when eating or drinking, use your right hand. except in necessity like your right hand is injured, then you can use left, (Tirmidhi 1800)

Eat with your fingers, it is sunnah to eat with 3 fingers. (Tirmidhi 1803)

Picking any piece of foods that were dropped on the ground and removing anything harmful from it then eat. (Tirmidhi 1802)

Eat what is the front of you (Ibn Majah 3267)

Licking your fingers (Tirmidhi 1801)

Finishing dish (cleaning) after eating (Tirmidhi 1803)

Asking your companions for permission before taking two dates. (Sahih Bukhari 2490)

Sitting to eat and drink (Sahih Muslim 2024 b)

Do not criticize foods, if you dislike it, leave it without saying anything (Ibn Majah 3259)

Eat together (Ibn Majah 3287)

While raising food to the mouth, recite this dua

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا غَيْرَ مَكْفِيٍّ وَلاَ مُوَدَّعٍ وَلاَ مُسْتَغْنًى عَنْهُ رَبَّنَا

Praise is to Allah, abundant good and blessed praise, never-ending praise, a praise that we will never bid farewell to, and indispensable praise, He is our Lord

After eating foods, reciting these duas, best to recite them after each time to follow maximum Sunnah

Ibn Majah 3284

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا وَرَزَقَنِيهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ

Praise is to Allah Who has fed me this and provided it for me without any strength or power on my part

Ibn Majah 3285

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي كَفَانَا وَأَرْوَانَا، غَيْرَ مَكْفِيٍّ، وَلاَ مَكْفُورٍ

Praise be to Allah Who has satisfied our needs and quenched our thirst. Your favor cannot be compensated or denied

Sahih al-Bukhari 5459

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ، غَيْرَ مَكْفِيٍّ، وَلاَ مُوَدَّعٍ وَلاَ مُسْتَغْنًى عَنْهُ، رَبَّنَا

Sahih Bukhari 5458

Drinking milk (Sahih Bukhari 5612), Prophet peace be upon him, actually took milk when he was shown milk and wine by Jibrael peace be upon him, as reported in Isra and Miraj hadith.

Rinsing mouth to wash off fats after drinking milk (Sahih Bukhari 211)

Making wudu when one is in the state of Junub, before eating or drinking. (Sahih Bukhari 305)

To eat edible sweet things and honey (Sahih Bukhari 5431)

Eating Seven Ajwa dates (Sahih Bukhari 5779)

To eat third, drinking third, and breathing third (Tirmidhi 2380)

Bringing your servant to eat with you when he brings it (Sahih Bukhari 5460)

Praising Allah while putting a morsel of food in your mouth and after every gulp of water. (Alhamdulillah) (Sahih Muslim 2734a)

Adding water to foods to increase quantity, so that one can share it with other, as part of good manner (Sahih Muslim 2625c)

Some foods that Prophet ate

  • Gourd (Sahih Bukhari 5433)
  • Butter (Abu Dawod 3837)
  • Talbina (Sahih Bukhari 5417)
  • Snake cucumber (Sahih Bukhari 5447)
  • Sawiq (Sahih Bukhari 5454)
  • Chicken (Sahih Bukhari 5517)
  • Black seeds (Tirmidhi 2041)
  • Bread (Tirmidhi 2360)
  • Vinegar (Sahih Muslim 2052a)

4. Going to the toilet

Before entering the toilet, say bismillah and then this dua (Bismilliah reference is Tirmidhi 606, graded sahih by Al-Albani, and dua reference is Sahih Muslim 375b)

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الْخُبْثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ

I seek refuge with Allah from the wicked and noxious things.

Avoid using your right hand to wash your private part, use your left instead, (Tirmidhi 15)

Avoid soiling your clothing with urine (Tirmidhi 70)

Do not give salam nor return salam back (Muslim 370)

Using water for cleaning (Nasai 45)

Going far away from where no one can see for toilet (Ibn Majah 333)

Don’t relieve in watering places, thoroughfares, and shade of trees (Abu Dawood 25)

After leaving the toilet say

غُفْرَانَكَ

I seek Your forgiveness (Ibn Majah 300)

5. Sunnah of one’s family and house

Taking care of the family (Tirmidhi 2489)

Being best and kind to your wife, helping her (Ibn Majah 1977)

It is praiseworthy to clean house, as cleanliness is half of faith Muslim (223)

It is sunnah to show affection and kiss your children (Ad-Adab Mufrad 91)

Greeting children (Sahih Bukhari 6247)

To spend on your family, seeking Allah’s pleasure (Sahih Bukhari 4006)

Be just to your children, do not neglect others out of love to one only (Sahih Bukhari 2587)

Maintaining ties of kinship (Surah Nisa 4:1)

Playing with your children (Sahih Bukhari 5884)

To offer aqidah for your newborn children (Ibn Majah 3163)

Joking with family and children (There are conditions for joking, it should not be lies, blasphemy, backbiting or slandering, and scaring,) (Tirmidhi 1990)

Do not let your children and animals that you own, go after Maghrib until the first and darkest part of the night is over (Muslim 2013a)

Being dutiful to your parents (Quran 17:23) and pay more attention to your mother (Sahih Muslim 2548 b)

Waking up spouses for Tahajjud (Abu Dawood 1451)

Waking up the family for the last 10 days of Ramadan (Tirmidhi 795)

Be the protector of your womenfolk, (mother, sisters, daughters, wives, nieces.) (Surah Nisa 4:34)

More sunans will come more, in sha Allah

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